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Magnesium Sulfate and Other Anticonvulsants for Women with Preeclampsia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2011 - Magnesium sulfate should be considered first-line treatment to prevent eclamptic seizures during labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1269.html

Pre-employment Examinations for Preventing Occupational Injury and Disease - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2011 - There is limited evidence that task-focused examinations reduce sick leave and the incidence of musculoskeletal injuries; however, general pre-employment examinations have no effect on health outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1270.html

Clozapine vs. Other Atypical Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Feb 1, 2011 - Although further trials are needed, there is some evidence that clozapine is slightly more effective than risperidone (Risperdal). Fewer participants taking clozapine dropped out of studies because of lack of effectiveness compared with those taking risperidone (number needed to treat =...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p260.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Management Options for Early Incomplete Miscarriage - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2011 - For the management of incomplete miscarriage, limited-quality evidence shows that medical treatment with misoprostol (Cytotec), expectant care, and surgical evacuation have a completion of miscarriage success rate between 80 to 99 percent in pregnancies at less than 13 weeks' ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p258.html

Screening for the Early Detection and Prevention of Oral Cancer - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2011 - Screening by visual inspection of the oral cavity does not appear to reduce deaths from oral cancer in the general population, although there is some evidence that it could be effective in high-risk patients who use tobacco and alcohol.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1047.html

Effectiveness of Acamprosate in the Treatment of Alcohol Dependence - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2011 - When used in conjunction with detoxification and psychosocial interventions for treating alcohol dependence, acamprosate can reduce the risk of any return to drinking and improve cumulative abstinence rates.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p522.html

Screening for Prostate Cancer: Prostate-Specific Antigen Testing Is Not Effective - ...

Apr 1, 2011 - Several large randomized controlled trials show that PSA screening does not significantly reduce prostate cancer mortality, even in a U.S. study that included black men and men with a family history of prostate cancer. However, PSA screening does lead to overdiagnosis, overtreatment, ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0401/p802.html

Stage-Based Interventions for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Mar 1, 2011 - Although providing stage-based smoking cessation interventions for those trying to quit appears to be more effective than not intervening at all, the evidence does not support tailoring interventions to a patient's perceived motivational stage of change.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0301/p524.html

Copper Intrauterine Device vs. Depot Medroxyprogesterone Acetate for Contraception - ...

Jan 1, 2011 - The copper IUD is more effective in preventing pregnancy compared with Depo-Provera.1 Each contraceptive method has different adverse effects; the evidence is too limited to make comparisons of discontinuation rates.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p35.html

Short Course of Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2011 - Antibiotic courses between two and seven days in duration are associated with a slightly higher risk of treatment failure than longer courses (number needed to treat = 33), but also a somewhat lower risk of adverse gastrointestinal effects (number needed to harm = 29). Ceftriaxone ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p37.html

Chest Physiotherapy for Pneumonia in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Dec 1, 2010 - There is little evidence to support the effectiveness of chest physiotherapy for adults with pneumonia. In two small studies by the same investigator, only osteopathic manipulation was shown to improve some outcomes (i.e., length of stay and duration of antibiotic therapy).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1340.html

Preoperative Testing for Patients Undergoing Cataract Surgery - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Dec 1, 2009 - Routine preoperative testing before cataract surgery does not reduce intraoperative or postoperative complications.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1228.html

Clinical Pathways: Effects on Practice, Outcomes, and Costs - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Dec 1, 2010 - The results of 27 studies (n = 11,398) support the conclusion that clinical pathways reduce in-hospital complications and improve documentation.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1201/p1338.html

Usefulness of Measuring Antiepileptic Medication Blood Levels in Patients with Epilepsy...

Nov 1, 2010 - When treating a patient for epilepsy, there is not enough evidence to indicate if optimal seizure control is best obtained by routinely measuring medication levels compared with making adjustments based on the clinical picture.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1070.html

Does Metformin Increase the Risk of Fatal or Nonfatal Lactic Acidosis? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2010 - In patients without standard contraindications to metformin therapy, metformin does not increase the risk of lactic acidosis.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1068.html

Effectiveness of Antidepressants Compared with Placebo for Depression in Primary Care -...

Jul 1, 2010 - Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are more effective than placebo for the treatment of depression in primary care settings.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p42.html

Aripiprazole vs. Other Atypical Antipsychotics for Schizophrenia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2010 - Aripiprazole is less effective in treating schizophrenia than olanzapine (Zyprexa), but has fewer metabolic and sedative adverse effects. There is no difference in effectiveness between aripiprazole and risperidone (Risperdal); however, aripiprazole may be associated with less dystonia,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1335.html

Influenza Vaccination of Health Care Personnel Working with Older Patients - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2010 - Currently, there is no high-quality evidence to support the immunization of health care personnel in long-term care facilities to reduce the spread of seasonal influenza to older residents. Immunization of personnel did reduce influenza-like illness and all-cause mortality in the ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1001/p763.html

Hypothermia for Neuroprotection in Adults After Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Compared with standard care, therapeutic hypothermia with conventional cooling methods improves the rate of survival to hospital discharge and neurologic outcome in patients successfully resuscitated after cardiac arrest.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p477.html

Medical Management vs. Surgery for Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2010 - At one to three years, adults with GERD who were treated with laparoscopic fundoplication had more improvement in overall and GERD-specific quality of life scores and less exposure to acid in the lower esophagus compared with patients who use proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and histamine ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p244.html

Neuraminidase Inhibitors for Influenza Treatment and Prevention in Healthy Adults - ...

Aug 1, 2010 - Although neuraminidase inhibitors can reduce the risk of contracting symptomatic, confirmed influenza and reduce the time to recovery for those with laboratory-confirmed influenza, they are not effective for reducing the risk of influenza-like illness or asymptomatic influenza infection...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p242.html

Opioid Therapy for Chronic Noncancer Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2010 - Weak evidence suggests that opioids reduce chronic noncancer pain in some highly selected patients, although the effects on quality of life and functional status are unclear.1 Many patients will discontinue opioids because of adverse effects or inadequate pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p40.html

Blood Pressure Treatment Targets for Uncomplicated Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Apr 1, 2010 - To date, there is no evidence to support treating patients with uncomplicated hypertension to blood pressure goals lower than the standard blood pressure target of less than or equal to 140 to 160/90 to 100 mm Hg. In randomized controlled trials, patients treated to lower blood pressure...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p848.html

Opioids for Osteoarthritis of the Knee or Hip - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2010 - Compared with placebo, the benefits achieved from opioid therapy are modest in terms of pain relief and improvement in function, and do not outweigh the increase in adverse effects. No single opioid stands out as more effective or safer than the rest.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1094.html

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