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Management of Asthma in Children - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2001 - The prevalence of asthma in children has increased 160 percent since 1980, and the disease currently affects nearly 5 million children in the United States. The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program provides guidelines for improved asthma care. The goals of this program are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0401/p1341.html

Depression in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - Depression among children and adolescents is common but frequently unrecognized. It affects 2 percent of prepubertal children and 5 to 8 percent of adolescents. The clinical spectrum of the disease can range from simple sadness to a major depressive or bipolar disorder. Risk factors ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2297.html

Common Issues in the Care of Sick Neonates - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Newborn infants may be transferred to a special care nursery because of conditions such as prematurity (gestation less than 37 weeks), prolonged resuscitation, respiratory distress, cyanosis, and jaundice, and for evaluation of neonatal sepsis. Newborn infants' core temperature should ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1685.html

Exercise-Related Syncope in the Young Athlete: Reassurance, Restriction or Referral? - ...

Nov 1, 1999 - A common event in young adults, syncope is usually benign and only rarely requires more than simple reassurance. However, exercise-related syncope always requires investigation because it may be the only symptom that precedes a sudden cardiac death. Syncope that occurs during exercise ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p2001.html

Disorders of Puberty - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 1999 - Normal puberty begins between eight and 14 years of age in girls and between nine and 14 years of age in boys. Pubic hair distribution is used to stage puberty, along with breast size and contour in girls and testicular volume in boys. Some children experience constitutional sexual ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0701/p209.html

Childhood Discipline: Challenges for Clinicians and Parents - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Although childhood discipline is an important issue for parents, this topic is seldom emphasized by family physicians during well-child examinations. Behavior problems are relatively common but frequently under-recognized by physicians. Opportunities to counsel parents about safe, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1447.html

Double-Ligature: A Treatment for Pedunculated Umbilical Granulomas in Children - ...

May 15, 2002 - Umbilical granulomas are common inflammatory reactions to the resolving umbilical stump. The double-ligature technique is simple to perform and provides good cosmetic and functional results with only minor complications. The granuloma becomes necrotic and drops off within seven to 14 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2067.html

The Newborn Examination: Part II. Emergencies and Common Abnormalities Involving the ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Careful examination of the neonate at delivery can detect anomalies, birth injuries, and disorders that may compromise successful adaptation to extrauterine life. A newborn with one anatomic malformation should be evaluated for associated anomalies. If a newborn is found to have an ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p265.html

Autism: A Medical Primer - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Autistic disorder, a pervasive developmental disorder resulting in social, language, or sensorimotor deficits, occurs in approximately seven of 10,000 persons. Early detection and intervention significantly improve outcome, with about one third of autistic persons achieving some degree ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1667.html

Evaluating the Child with Purpura - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2001 - Purpura is the result of hemorrhage into the skin or mucosal membrane. It may represent a relatively benign condition or herald the presence of a serious underlying disorder. Purpura may be secondary to thrombocytopenia, platelet dysfunction, coagulation factor deficiency or vascular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p419.html

Evaluation and Treatment of ADHD - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2001 - Symptoms of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are present in as many as 9 percent of school-age children. ADHD-specific questionnaires can help determine whether children meet diagnostic criteria for the disorder. The recommended evaluation also includes documenting the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p817.html

Issues in Newborn Screening for Phenylketonuria - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - The blood sample for phenylketonuria (PKU) screening should be obtained at least 12 hours after the infant's birth. Newborn screening for PKU has largely eliminated mental retardation caused by this disease. If the first phenylalanine test demonstrates positive results, a repeat test ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1462.html

Proper Use of Child Safety Seats - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - Motor vehicle crashes continue to be the leading cause of death in children one to 14 years of age. Used correctly, child safety seats significantly reduce child morbidity and mortality. Although many parents know child safety seats are important, more than 80 percent of seats are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2085.html

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Review and Current Concepts - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2001 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is present in 2 to 4 percent of children between 10 and 16 years of age. It is defined as a lateral curvature of the spine greater than 10 degrees accompanied by vertebral rotation. It is thought to be a multigene dominant condition with variable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0701/p111.html

Urinary Tract Infections in Children: Why They Occur and How to Prevent Them - American...

May 15, 1998 - Urinary tract infections (UTIs) usually occur as a consequence of colonization of the periurethral area by a virulent organism that subsequently gains access to the bladder. During the first few months of life, uncircumcised male infants are at increased risk for UTIs, but thereafter ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0515/p2440.html

Evaluation and Management of Infants and Young Children with Fever - American Family ...

Oct 1, 2001 - A practice guideline for the management of febrile infants and children younger than three years of age sparked controversy when it was published in 1993. Surveys indicate that many office-based physicians do not agree with recommendations for venipuncture and bladder catheterization in...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1001/p1219.html

Sleep Disorders and Sleep Problems in Childhood - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2001 - Sleep problems are common in childhood. A distinction is made between problems in which polysomnography is abnormal (i.e., the parasomnias, sleep apnea and narcolepsy) and problems that are behavioral in origin and have normal polysomnography. The parasomnias--sleep terrors, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0115/p277.html

Evaluating Proteinuria in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1998 - Proteinuria is a common laboratory finding in children. It can be identified as either a transient or a persistent finding and can represent a benign condition or a serious disease. A rapid but qualitative assessment of proteinuria can be made using dipstick or sulfosalicylic acid ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1001/p1145.html

Caring for Infants with Congenital Heart Disease and Their Families - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Congenital heart defects are classified into two broad categories: acyanotic and cyanotic lesions. The most common acyanotic lesions are ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect, atrioventricular canal, pulmonary stenosis, patent ductus arteriosus, aortic stenosis and coarctation...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1857.html

Evaluation of Physical Abuse in Children - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - Family physicians who are involved in the care of children are likely to encounter child abuse and should be able to recognize its common presentations. A history that is inconsistent with the patient's injuries is the hallmark of physical abuse. A pattern of physical findings, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3057.html

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder: Management - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2001 - Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is the most common psychiatric disorder of childhood and often persists into adulthood. ADHD is a neurophysiologic disorder defined in behavioral terms and associated with significant morbidity in the realms of social and academic success,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1015/p1355.html

Impact of Anorexia, Bulimia, and Obesity on the Gynecologic Health of Adolescents - ...

Aug 1, 2001 - Dieting behaviors and nutrition can have an enormous impact on the gynecologic health of adolescents. Teenaged patients with anorexia nervosa can have hypothalamic suppression and amenorrhea. In addition, these adolescents are at high risk of osteoporosis and fractures. Unfortunately, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p445.html

Care of the Premature Infant: Part I. Monitoring Growth and Development - American ...

May 1, 1998 - When monitoring growth and development in the premature infant, physicians should make adjustments for the estimated due date. With minor exceptions, administration of immunizations is based on the chronologic age. Administration of hepatitis B vaccine should be delayed until the infant...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0501/p2123.html

Commonly Missed Diagnoses in the Childhood Eye Examination - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2001 - Early and accurate detection of eye disorders in children can present a challenge for family physicians. Visual acuity screening, preferably performed before four years of age, is essential for diagnosing amblyopia. Cover testing may disclose small-angle or intermittent strabismus. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0815/p623.html

Evaluation of the Acutely Limping Child - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - A limp may be defined as any asymmetric deviation from a normal gait pattern. The differential diagnosis of a limp includes trauma, infection, neoplasia and inflammatory, congenital, neuromuscular or developmental disorders. Initially, a broad differential diagnosis should be considered...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1011.html

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