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201-225 of 389 ResultsHelp using search on aafp.org Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Risperidone vs. Placebo for Schizophrenia - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2010 - Compared with placebo, risperidone improves symptoms based on some disease-specific symptom scores for schizophrenia. However, it does not appear to improve symptoms on a more important Clinical Global Impression scale.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1096.html

Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2010 - Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex vitamin therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p850.html

Leg Compression and Pharmacologic Prophylaxis for Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Based on high-quality evidence, the Cochrane review showed that combining IPC with pharmacologic prophylaxis was more effective than a single preventative measure for preventing deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and more effective than IPC alone for preventing pulmonary embolism (PE).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p284.html

Topical Treatments for Chronic Plaque Psoriasis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Mar 1, 2010 - Topical vitamin D analogues, corticosteroids, anthralin, and tazarotene (Tazorac) are all more effective than placebo. Vitamin D and high-potency corticosteroids were equally effective when compared head to head, but were more effective in combination than either product alone. Vitamin ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p596.html

Addition of Long-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2010 - In children with persistent asthma who are already taking inhaled corticosteroids, the addition of a LABA does not lower the rate of exacerbations requiring oral steroids, rescue medication, or hospitalizations, but it improves measurable lung function.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p598.html

Upright vs. Recumbent Maternal Position During First Stage of Labor - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Upright positions include sitting, standing, walking, and kneeling. Based on heterogenous results, women who maintained upright positions had a first stage of labor that was about one hour less than women who were supine or reclined. There were no differences in type of delivery, and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p285.html

Corticosteroid Injections for Trigger Finger - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2009 - Based on limited evidence, corticosteroid injection combined with lidocaine (Xylocaine) was more effective than lidocaine alone for the treatment of trigger finger in adults. Compared with those who received lidocaine alone, 38 percent more of the patients who received corticosteroid ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p454.html

Effectiveness of Acupuncture for Migraine Prophylaxis - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jan 1, 2010 - Acupuncture appears to be effective for prophylaxis of migraine headaches, and may be slightly better than pharmacotherapy. Sham acupuncture is just as effective as real acupuncture.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p29.html

Statins for Non-Dialysis Chronic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2010 - When taken over a five-year period, statins significantly reduce all-cause mortality (number needed to treat [NNT] = 56), cardiovascular mortality (NNT = 86), and nonfatal cardiovascular events (NNT = 25).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0101/p27.html

Prophylaxis for Invasive Dental Procedures in At-Risk Patients - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2009 - A single observational study found no evidence that antibiotic prophylaxis reduces the incidence of bacterial endocarditis in high-risk patients about to undergo an invasive dental procedure. It is also uncertain if the potential harms and costs of antibiotics outweigh any benefit. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p939.html

Interventions to Help Patients Reduce or Eliminate the Use of Smokeless Tobacco - ...

Dec 1, 2009 - Although the studies of behavior interventions were heterogeneous in this Cochrane review, behavior interventions such as mailings, oral or dental screenings, group discussions, workplace interventions, and telephone support showed the best evidence for smokeless tobacco cessation.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1201/p1226.html

Low Glycemic Index Diets for the Management of Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2009 - The low glycemic index diet (sometimes called a low glycemic load diet) lowered the A1C level by a weighted mean difference of 0.5 percent when compared with a high glycemic index (or glycemic load) diet. Fewer episodes of hypoglycemia occurred with a low glycemic index diet compared ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1101/p941.html

Same-Day Initiation of Hormonal Contraceptives - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2009 - Giving an injection of medroxyprogesterone (Depo-Provera) on any day of a patient's menstrual cycle decreases unintended pregnancies. For other hormonal methods, there is limited evidence. Compared with deferring until the patient's next menses, immediate start of hormonal methods ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p690.html

Heparins for Unstable Angina and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction - ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Compared with standard therapy with aspirin, the use of heparin does not reduce mortality, the need for revascularization, and recurrent angina. Heparin does reduce the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI; number needed to treat [NNT] = 33), defined as typical chest pain associated ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p560.html

Vaccines for Postexposure Prophylaxis Against Varicella (Chicken Pox) - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2009 - Varicella vaccine appears to be effective in preventing or modifying the severity of the disease in healthy unvaccinated children if administered within three days of exposure. Data are insufficient to support or refute the use of the vaccine as postexposure prophylaxis in adults and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p455.html

Exercise for the Management of Cancer-Related Fatigue - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2009 - Aerobic and resistance-training exercise programs lead to decreased overall fatigue and an improved quality of life during and after treatment of cancer.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1001/p689.html

Smart-Home Technology for Persons with Disabilities - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2009 - There is not enough evidence at this time to support or refute incorporating smart-home technologies into care of persons with disabilities.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p233.html

Contraceptive Patch and Vaginal Ring vs. Combined Oral Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Aug 1, 2009 - Based on moderate quality evidence, contraceptive effectiveness of the vaginal ring or patch is similar to COC. Compliance is better with the patch, but its use is discontinued more often than COCs or the ring because of adverse effects. Vaginal ring and COC users have similar rates of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0801/p232.html

Should Salmeterol Be Used for Long-Term Asthma Control? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2009 - Salmeterol may help improve asthma symptoms, but it should only be used as part of a comprehensive asthma management plan including inhaled corticosteroids and a short-acting beta agonist. There is currently insufficient evidence to confirm that salmeterol does not increase the risk of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p957.html

Dopamine Agonists for Early Parkinson Disease - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Dopamine agonists, such as pramipexole (Mirapex), ropinirole (Requip), pergolide (formerly Permax), and apomorphine (Apokyn), improve the motor fluctuations and dyskinesias that commonly occur with levodopa, but at the expense of increasing nonmotor adverse effects and noncompliance. An...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p28.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jul 1, 2009 - Although LMWH appears to be more effective than oral anticoagulants in the prevention of recurrent VTE, this does not translate into a survival benefit. LMWH and oral anticoagulants have the same reported adverse events of bleeding and thrombocytopenia.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p30.html

Custom vs. Prefabricated Orthoses for Foot Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

May 1, 2009 - Compared with placebo or sham, custom-made foot orthoses modestly reduce foot pain from pes cavus (high arch), arthritis, plantar fasciitis, and painful hallux valgus. However, there is no evidence that custom orthoses are more effective than prefabricated ones.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p758.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

Aerobic Activity for Cognitive Function - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Physical activity improves cardiovascular fitness in persons older than 55 years. Cognitive speed and auditory and visual attention are increased in healthy older adults who exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p562.html

Dipeptidyl-peptidase-4 Inhibitors for Treatment of Type 2 Diabetes - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2009 - When used as monotherapy or in conjunction with metformin (Glucophage) or thiazolidinediones, the DPP-4 inhibitor sitagliptin (Januvia) decreases A1C levels by 0.7 percent, but there are no data on patient-oriented outcomes or long-term safety. Until more studies are completed, it ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p372.html

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