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Acute Shoulder Injuries - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2004 - The shoulder is the most mobile joint in the human body. The cost of such versatility is an increased risk of injury. It is important that family physicians understand the anatomy of the shoulder, mechanisms of injury, typical physical and radiologic findings, approach to management of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1947.html

Evaluating the Patient with an Ankle or Foot Injury - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Oct 15, 2004 - The Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules are validated clinical decision rules. The process by which the Ottawa rules were developed and validated serves as a model for researchers in developing decision support tools for other clinical problems.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1535.html

Management of Acute Nasal Fractures - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - In cases of facial trauma, nasal fractures account for approximately 40 percent of bone injuries. Treatment in the primary care setting begins with evaluating the injury, taking an accurate history of the situation in which the injury occurred, and ascertaining how the face and nose ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1315.html

Diagnosis and Management of Scaphoid Fractures - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2004 - Scaphoid fracture is a common injury encountered in family medicine. To avoid missing this diagnosis, a high index of suspicion and a thorough history and physical examination are necessary, because early imaging often is unrevealing. Anatomic snuffbox tenderness is a highly sensitive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p879.html

Treatment of Degenerative Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2004 - Spinal stenosis is a narrowing of the vertebral canal that compresses spinal nerves and may cause leg pain and difficulty walking. The symptoms of degenerative lumbar stenosis commonly occur in elderly adults and can be treated conservatively with pain-relieving agents or aggressively ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p517.html

Diagnosing Heel Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - Heel pain is a common condition in adults that may cause significant discomfort and disability. A variety of soft tissue, osseous, and systemic disorders can cause heel pain. Narrowing the differential diagnosis begins with a history and physical examination of the lower extremity to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p332.html

Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part I. Nonemergent Evaluation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Diagnosis of upper extremity injuries depends on knowledge of basic anatomy and biomechanics of the hand and wrist. The wrist is composed of two rows of carpal bones. Flexor and extensor tendons cross the wrist to allow function of the hand and digits. The ulnar, median, and radial ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1941.html

Hand and Wrist Injuries: Part II. Emergent Evaluation - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Primary care physicians must be able to recognize wrist and hand injuries that require immediate attention. A complete history and physical examination, including assessment of distal limb function, are essential. Hemorrhage control is necessary in patients with vessel lacerations and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1949.html

The Newborn Foot - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - An examination of the feet is an essential component of an evaluation of a newborn. A thorough examination can be performed quickly. Despite its small size, the newborn foot is a complex structure. Most deformities can be diagnosed easily with physical examination alone, using few ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p865.html

Vertebral Compression Fractures in the Elderly - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - Compression fracture of the vertebral body is common, especially in older adults. Vertebral compression fractures usually are caused by osteoporosis, and range from mild to severe. More severe fractures can cause significant pain, leading to inability to perform activities of daily ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p111.html

Evaluation and Management of Toe Fractures - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2003 - Fractures of the toe are one of the most common lower extremity fractures diagnosed by family physicians. Toe fractures most frequently are caused by a crushing injury or axial force such as stubbing a toe. Joint hyperextension and stress fractures are less common. Most patients have ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1215/p2413.html

Common Acute Hand Infections - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Hand infections can result in significant morbidity if not appropriately diagnosed and treated. Host factors, location, and circumstances of the infection are important guides to initial treatment strategies. Many hand infections improve with early splinting, elevation, appropriate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2167.html

Common Stress Fractures - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - Lower extremity stress fractures are common injuries most often associated with participation in sports involving running, jumping, or repetitive stress. The initial diagnosis can be made by identifying localized bone pain that increases with weight bearing or repetitive use. Plain film...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1527.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Ankle and Foot - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Joint and soft tissue injection of the ankle and foot region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. This article reviews the injection procedure for the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1356.html

Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - Identifying the cause of polyarticular joint pain can be difficult because of the extensive differential diagnosis. A thorough history and a complete physical examination are essential. Six clinical factors are helpful in narrowing the possible causes: disease chronology, inflammation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1151.html

Evaluation of Patients Presenting with Knee Pain: Part II. Differential Diagnosis - ...

Sep 1, 2003 - Knee pain is a common presenting complaint with many possible causes. An awareness of certain patterns can help the family physician identify the underlying cause more efficiently. Teenage girls and young women are more likely to have patellar tracking problems such as patellar ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p917.html

Evaluation of Patients Presenting with Knee Pain: Part I. History, Physical ...

Sep 1, 2003 - Family physicians frequently encounter patients with knee pain. Accurate diagnosis requires a knowledge of knee anatomy, common pain patterns in knee injuries, and features of frequently encountered causes of knee pain, as well as specific physical examination skills. The history should...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p907.html

Lower Extremity Abnormalities in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2003 - Rotational and angular problems are two types of lower extremity abnormalities common in children. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is caused by one of three types of deformity: metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and increased femoral anteversion....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0801/p461.html

Management of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - Carpal tunnel syndrome affects approximately 3 percent of adults in the United States. Pain and paresthesias in the distribution of the median nerve are the classic symptoms. While Tinel's sign and a positive Phalen's maneuver are classic clinical signs of the syndrome, hypalgesia and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p265.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Hip and Knee - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Joint injection of the hip and knee regions is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedure for the greater trochanteric bursa, the knee joint, the pes anserine bursa, the iliotibial band, and the prepatellar bursa is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2147.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Wrist and Hand Region - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Joint injection of the wrist and hand region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedures for carpal tunnel syndrome, de Quervain's tenosynovitis, osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint, wrist ganglion cysts, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p745.html

Hip Fractures in Adults - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - Patients with hip fracture typically present to the emergency department or their physician's office after a fall. They are often unable to walk, and they may exhibit shortening and external rotation of the affected limb. Frequently, they have hip pain. In some instances, however, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p537.html

Tarsal Navicular Stress Fractures - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2003 - Stress fractures of the tarsal navicular bone are being recognized with increasing frequency in physically active persons. Diagnosis is commonly delayed, and outcome often suffers because physicians lack familiarity with the condition. Navicular stress fractures typically present in a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p85.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Elbow Region - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - Joint injection of the elbow is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedures for the elbow joint, medial and lateral epicondylitis, and olecranon bursitis are reviewed. Persistent pain related to inflammatory conditions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2097.html

Knee Joint Aspiration and Injection - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2002 - Knee joint aspiration and injection are performed to aid in diagnosis and treatment of knee joint diseases. The knee joint is the most common and the easiest joint for the physician to aspirate. One approach involves insertion of a needle 1 cm above and 1 cm lateral to the superior ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1015/p1497.html

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