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Acute and Chronic Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2017 - Urticaria commonly presents with intensely pruritic wheals, sometimes with edema of the subcutaneous or interstitial tissue. It has a lifetime prevalence of about 20%. Although often self-limited and benign, it can cause significant discomfort, continue for months to years, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0601/p717.html

Allergy and Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

May 1, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues, including allergies and asthma, allergens, allergy testing, allergic rhinitis, food allergies, and latex allergies. This collection features AFP content on allergies and anaphylaxis and related issues,...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=58

Allergy Testing: Common Questions and Answers - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2018 - An estimated 10% to 30% of the global population has an allergic disease. Clinical presentations of allergic diseases, respiratory infections, and autoimmune conditions have similar features. Allergy and immunologic testing can help clarify the diagnosis and guide treatment. Immediate ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p34.html

Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - Allergic rhinitis is a common and chronic immunoglobulin E–mediated respiratory illness that can affect quality of life and productivity, as well as exacerbate other conditions such as asthma. Treatment should be based on the patient’s age and severity of symptoms. Patients should be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p985.html

Urticaria: Evaluation and Treatment - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Urticaria involves intensely pruritic, raised wheals, with or without edema of the deeper cutis. It is usually a self-limited, benign reaction, but can be chronic. Rarely, it may represent serious systemic disease or a life-threatening allergic reaction. Urticaria has a lifetime ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1078.html

Celiac Disease: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2014 - Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder of the gastrointestinal tract. It is triggered by exposure to dietary gluten in genetically susceptible individuals. Gluten is a storage protein in wheat, rye, and barley, which are staples in many American diets. Celiac disease is characterized ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0115/p99.html

Atopic Dermatitis: An Overview - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Atopic dermatitis, also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic pruritic skin condition affecting approximately 17.8 million persons in the United States. It can lead to significant morbidity. A simplified version of the U.K. Working Party’s Diagnostic Criteria can help make the diagnosis....

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p35.html

Treatment of Allergic Rhinitis - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Allergic rhinitis is a common chronic respiratory illness that affects quality of life, productivity, and other comorbid conditions, including asthma. Treatment should be based on the patient’s age and severity of symptoms. Patients should be advised to avoid known allergens and be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1440.html

Anaphylaxis: Recognition and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2011 - Anaphylaxis is a severe, life-threatening, systemic allergic reaction that is almost always unanticipated and may lead to death by airway obstruction or vascular collapse. Anaphylaxis occurs as the result of an allergen response, usually immunoglobulin E–mediated, which leads to mast ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1115/p1111.html

Summary of the NIAID-Sponsored Food Allergy Guidelines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2012 - Patients with suspected food allergies are commonly seen in clinical practice. Although up to 15 percent of parents believe their children have food allergies, these allergies have been confirmed in only 1 to 3 percent of all Americans. Family physicians must be able to separate true ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0701/p43.html

A Practical Guide to Anaphylaxis - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Anaphylaxis is a life-threatening reaction with respiratory, cardiovascular, cutaneous, or gastrointestinal manifestations resulting from exposure to an offending agent, usually a food, insect sting, medication, or physical factor. It causes approximately 1,500 deaths in the United ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1325.html

Latex Allergy - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - The prevalence of latex allergy in the general population is low; however, the risk of developing latex allergy is higher in persons with increased latex exposure, such as health care workers or persons who work in the rubber industry. Children with spina bifida and others who undergo ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1413.html

Saline Irrigation for Allergic Rhinitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2019 - asal saline irrigation reduces the severity of allergy symptoms for up to eight weeks vs. no treatment. It is uncertain if adding nasal saline to pharmacologic treatment further improves symptoms over pharmacologic treatment alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p544.html

Diagnosing Rhinitis: Allergic vs. Nonallergic - American Family Physician

May 1, 2006 - Allergic rhinitis, the most common type of rhinitis, generally can be differentiated from the numerous types of nonallergic rhinitis through a thorough history and physical examination. Allergic rhinitis may be seasonal, perennial, or occupational. The most common cause of nonallergic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1583.html

Oral Immunotherapy for Egg Allergy - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2019 - Providing daily, steadily increasing doses of egg protein over an extended period of time effectively diminishes the immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic response among children with egg allergy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p156.html

Food Allergies: Detection and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - Family physicians play a central role in the suspicion and diagnosis of immunoglobulin E-mediated food allergies, but they are also critical in redirecting the evaluation for symptoms that patients are falsely attributing to allergies. Although any food is a potential allergen, more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1678.html

Leukotriene Inhibitors in the Treatment of Allergy and Asthma - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Leukotriene inhibitors are the first new class of medications for the treatment of persistent asthma that have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in more than two decades. They also have been approved for the treatment of allergic rhinitis. Prescriptions of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p65.html

Steroid Treatment Adds No Benefit to Antihistamines for Acute Hives - POEMs - American ...

Sep 15, 2017 - The combination approach of steroids and antihista-mines offers no added benefit to antihistamines alone for the treatment of simple urticaria.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p399a.html

Peanut Allergy Prevention: Guidelines from the NIAID - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jul 15, 2017 - The NIAID has provided addendum guidelines, which include recommendations based on new evidence for peanut allergy prevention.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p130.html

The Role of Allergens in Asthma - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program Expert Panel guidelines for the management of asthma recommend that patients who require daily asthma medications have allergy testing for perennial indoor allergens and that, when triggers are found, exposure to allergens and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p675.html

Topical Tacrolimus for Eczema - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2016 - For children and adults with moderate to severe eczema, topical tacrolimus is an effective, albeit costly, alternative to topical corticosteroids. Both tacrolimus strengths (0.03% and 0.1%) are superior to low-potency topical corticosteroids, whereas tacrolimus 0.1% has similar ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1001/p549.html

Topical Antihistamines and Mast Cell Stabilizers for Treating Allergic Conjunctivitis -...

Jun 1, 2016 - Topical antihistamines and mast cell stabilizers, either alone or in combination, are safe and effective for reducing the symptoms of seasonal and perennial allergic conjunctivitis.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p915.html

Second-Generation H1-Antihistamines for Chronic Spontaneous Urticaria - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2016 - There is good evidence that second-generation H1-antihistamines are helpful in the short- and intermediate-term suppression of urticaria. Cetirizine (Zyrtec) in a dosage of 10 mg daily is effective at completely suppressing symptoms of chronic spontaneous urticaria (number needed to ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0901/p352.html

Adverse Reactions to Contrast Material. Recognition, Prevention and Treatment - ...

Oct 1, 2002 - Adverse reactions to contrast agents range from a mild inconvenience, such as itching associated with hives, to a life-threatening emergency. Renal toxicity is a well known adverse reaction associated with the use of intravenous contrast material. Other forms of adverse reactions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1229.html

Early Peanut Introduction and Prevention of Peanut Allergy in High-Risk Infants: ...

Jan 1, 2016 - This consensus communication focuses on new data that support introducing peanuts early in infants, and it aims to assist with decisions about introduction; it can be used for guidance while formal guidelines are being developed.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p61.html

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