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Acellular Vaccines for Preventing Pertussis in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Multicomponent (i.e., three or more) acellular vaccines are as effective as whole-cell vaccines at preventing pertussis and mild pertussis disease (e.g., cold symptoms, cough without classic whoop or cough paroxysms) in children. Adverse effects are similar to those from placebo and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/p504.html

Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p216.html

Addition of Long-Acting Beta Agonists for Asthma in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Mar 1, 2010 - In children with persistent asthma who are already taking inhaled corticosteroids, the addition of a LABA does not lower the rate of exacerbations requiring oral steroids, rescue medication, or hospitalizations, but it improves measurable lung function.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0301/p598.html

Atypical Antipsychotics for Disruptive Behavior Disorders in Children and Adolescents -...

Jun 1, 2018 - Risperidone reduces measures of aggression and improves conduct in children with disruptive behavior disorders; however, only short-term use is recommended. Weight gain of 2 to 2.5 kg (4.4 to 5.5 lb) is common. There is insufficient evidence to evaluate the benefits of other ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p715.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - Benzodiazepines are safe and effective for the treatment of alcohol withdrawal, particularly for the prevention of withdrawal seizures, although their superiority to anticonvulsants has not been demonstrated convincingly. There is no clear benefit of one benzodiazepine over another or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1191.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2006 - The single clinical trial on this topic found that inhaled beta agonists do not reduce cough frequency or improve symptoms in children with chronic, nonspecific cough.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0401/p1191a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Children with otitis media with effusion do not benefit from decongestants or antihistamines. Common adverse effects of these therapies are gastrointestinal upset, irritability, drowsiness, and dizziness (number needed to harm = 9).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Dietary Interventions for Recurrent Abdominal Pain in Childhood - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2018 - Probiotics relieve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain in the short term (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8). There is no convincing evidence that fiber supplements improve pain in children with recurrent abdominal pain.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0101/p19.html

Do Children with Acute Asthma Benefit More from Anticholinergics and Beta2 Agonists ...

Aug 1, 2002 - Children with moderate to severe asthma exacerbations experience improved respiratory function and are less likely to require hospital admission when treated with multiple doses of beta2 agonists combined with anticholinergics. The same benefit has not been proved in children with mild ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p417.html

Do Tympanostomy Tubes for OME Prevent Hearing Loss? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - In children with typical hearing and language development, immediate placement of tympanostomy tubes for OME does not improve important long-term outcomes compared with a period of watchful waiting and placement of tubes only if there is no improvement.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p807.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Effect of Pacifier Use on Duration of Breastfeeding - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2018 - In healthy, full-term, breastfeeding infants, there is moderate evidence that unrestricted pacifier use, started at birth or after lactation has been established, does not decrease the likelihood of continued exclusive or partial breastfeeding through four months of age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p311.html

Effectiveness of Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

May 1, 2011 - Bronchodilators may transiently improve the clinical status of infants with bronchiolitis and no prior history of wheezing. However, moderately strong evidence shows that key outcomes such as oxygen saturation, need for hospitalization, length of hospitalization, and duration of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1045.html

Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p170.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Fluoride Varnish for Preventing Dental Caries in Children and Adolescents - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2016 - Topically applied fluoride varnishes are safe and effective in preventing dental caries in children and adolescents. There is little information about adverse effects or treatment acceptability. Family physicians should consider incorporating fluoride varnish into childhood preventive ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0501/p743.html

Glucocorticoids for Treatment of Croup - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2005 - Compared with placebo, treatment with glucocorticoids results in reduced symptoms, less need for treatment with racemic epinephrine, fewer readmissions to emergency departments, and shorter hospital stays.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p66.html

Gowning in Newborn and Special-Care Nurseries - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2004 - There is no evidence that gowning in newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) improves clinically important outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p83.html

Hepatitis B Vaccine for Infants of HBsAg-Positive Mothers - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jan 1, 2007 - Hepatitis B vaccine, hepatis B immune globulin, and the combination of both reduce the risk of transmission of hepatitis B virus from mother to newborn, especially in newborns of mothers positive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). The combination of vaccine and immune globulin is more ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p49.html

Honey for Acute Cough in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - For patients one to 18 years of age, providing honey for cough symptoms can reduce the frequency and severity of cough, as well as improve sleep for patients and parents, when compared with placebo or no treatment. Honey is no better than dextromethorphan for symptom control.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p20.html

Humidified Air for Croup? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - Available data do not support a clinically important benefit of humidified air for symptomatic treatment of children with croup. However, it does not appear to be harmful.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p50.html

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