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Antibiotic Prophylaxis to Prevent Recurrent UTI in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Jul 15, 2011 - Antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent recurrent UTI may be considered in infants and children with or without vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) after a first UTI.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/od1.html

Antibiotics for Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Children - FPIN's Clinical ...

Mar 15, 2011 - Antibiotic therapy does not benefit children with bronchiolitis, the common cold, or nonstreptococcal pharyngitis. If purulent rhinitis is present for more than 10 days, antibiotics shorten the duration of runny nose symptoms.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0315/p747.html

Aspirin Use in Children for Fever or Viral Syndromes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Dec 15, 2009 - Aspirin should not be used to treat acute febrile viral illness in children.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1472.html

Atopic Eczema and Early Introduction of Solid Foods - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In most children, solid foods may be introduced before four to six months of age without increasing the risk of atopic eczema.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p523.html

Does Lidocaine-Prilocaine Cream (EMLA) Decrease the Pain of Neonatal Circumcision? - ...

Feb 15, 2004 - EMLA cream reduces the pain experienced by newborns during circumcision compared with placebo.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p909.html

Does Screening for Tuberculosis in Children Decrease Morbidity or Mortality? - FPIN's ...

Mar 15, 2004 - Routine screening of low-risk children for tuberculosis infection before entering kindergarten is not necessary.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1479.html

Effects of Soy Protein-Based Formula in Full-Term Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jan 1, 2008 - There are no significant long-term detrimental effects associated with the use of currently available, commercially produced, isolated soy protein-based formula in full-term infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p87.html

Evaluation of Apparent Life-threatening Events in Infants - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jul 1, 2007 - A comprehensive, detailed history and physical examination with pulse oximetry and nondilated funduscopy (to look for traumatic retinal hemorrhage) helps to determine the underlying etiology of an ALTE in 70 percent of infants.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p124.html

Evaluation of Newborns with Preauricular Skin Lesions - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

May 15, 2012 - All newborns should be screened for hearing loss, whether or not they have preauricular skin lesions. Newborns with these anomalies may be at increased risk of hearing impairment.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p993.html

Hip Pain in Preschool-Age Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Evidence is lacking on the most common causes of hip pain in children because most data come from cohort studies and include referred patients. Based on these studies, transient synovitis is the most common cause of hip pain in preschool-age children, accounting for more than 80 percent...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p385.html

Intravenous Fluids for Children with Gastroenteritis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jan 1, 2005 - Most children with gastroenteritis do not require intravenous fluids and will respond favorably to ORT. Intravenous fluids do not shorten the duration of gastroenteritis and are more likely to cause adverse effects than ORT.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0101/p121.html

Management of ADHD in Preschool-Aged Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Sep 15, 2013 - Behavior therapy interventions, such as parent training, are first-line treatment for ADHD in preschool-aged children (three to five years of age). Medication is an option for children with moderate to severe ADHD if behavior therapy has not been effective and if the benefits outweigh ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p398.html

Management of Cervical Lymphadenitis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Nov 1, 2008 - Cervical lymphadenitis, defined as an acute symptomatic enlargement of the cervical lymph nodes, is a common condition in children of all ages. Most cases of cervical lymphadenitis in children are self-limited and can safely be monitored for spontaneous resolution over four to six weeks.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1101/p1097.html

Managing Intoeing in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Intoeing can be accurately diagnosed using a history, physical examination, and torsional profile.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p937.html

Medications for Insomnia Treatment in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Feb 1, 2008 - Melatonin may be effective for treating insomnia in healthy children and in those with physical or learning disabilities.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0201/p358.html

Metformin Therapy and Diabetes Prevention in Adolescents Who Are Obese - FPIN's ...

Nov 1, 2007 - No studies have addressed the question of whether metformin reduces development of diabetes among adolescents who are obese. Metformin treatment in adolescents who are obese can modestly reduce risk factors for type 2 diabetes, including elevated body mass index (BMI), fasting insulin ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1357.html

Metformin Use in Adolescents - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - There are no studies evaluating whether metformin prevents or delays the onset of diabetes in adolescents who are obese. In adults, metformin is as effective as lifestyle interventions in preventing increases in A1C and fasting glucose levels, but it is less effective in preventing or ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/od4.html

Screening for Autism Spectrum Disorders - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2014 - There are no studies directly comparing the various screening tools. The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (M-CHAT) is the tool most commonly used by physicians, followed by the Checklist for Autism in Toddlers (CHAT). All other tools account for about 3% of usage.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p574.html

Treatment for Calcaneal Apophysitis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2017 - Several treatments for calcaneal apophysitis may produce modest short-term improvements in pain scores. Heel inserts and prefabricated orthotics may initially improve pain scores and dysfunction, but patients have equal improvement by three months with or without therapy.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p126.html

Treatment of Otitis Media with Perforated Tympanic Membrane - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries...

Apr 15, 2009 - Acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation in children should be treated with an oral antibiotic.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0415/p650.html

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