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Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Children - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - Community-acquired pneumonia is a potentially serious infection in children and often results in hospitalization. The diagnosis can be based on the history and physical examination results in children with fever plus respiratory signs and symptoms. Chest radiography and rapid viral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p661.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Bronchiolitis in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2017 - Bronchiolitis is a common lower respiratory tract infection in infants and young children, and respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the most common cause of this infection. RSV is transmitted through contact with respiratory droplets either directly from an infected person or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p94.html

Newborn Respiratory Distress - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2015 - Newborn respiratory distress presents a diagnostic and management challenge. Newborns with respiratory distress commonly exhibit tachypnea with a respiratory rate of more than 60 respirations per minute. They may present with grunting, retractions, nasal flaring, and cyanosis. Common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1201/p994.html

Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection in Children - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2011 - Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is an RNA virus that causes respiratory tract infections in children. In the North- ern Hemisphere, the peak infection season is November through April. By two years of age, most children will have had an RSV infection. Bronchiolitis, a lower ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0115/p141.html

Respiratory Distress in the Newborn - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - The most common etiology of neonatal respiratory distress is transient tachypnea of the newborn; this is triggered by excessive lung fluid, and symptoms usually resolve spontaneously. Respiratory distress syndrome can occur in premature infants as a result of surfactant deficiency and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p987.html

The Diagnosis of Wheezing in Children - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2008 - Wheezing in children is a common problem encountered by family physicians. Approximately 25 to 30 percent of infants will have at least one wheezing episode, and nearly one half of children have a history of wheezing by six years of age. The most common causes of wheezing in children ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0415/p1109.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Infants and Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2004 - Community-acquired pneumonia is one of the most common serious infections in children, with an annual incidence of 34 to 40 cases per 1,000 children in Europe and North America. When diagnosing community-acquired pneumonia, physicians should rely mainly on the patient's history and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0901/p899.html

Acute Asthma and Other Recurrent Wheezing Disorders in Children - Clinical Evidence ...

Jul 15, 2013 - What are the effects of treatments for acute asthma in children?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p130.html

Chronic Cough After Acute Viral Bronchiolitis: Suggestions from the ACCP - Practice ...

May 15, 2019 - To address the high prevalence of bronchiolitis, the effects of chronic cough on patients' quality of life, and adverse effects from inappropriate use of medications, an expert panel from the American College of Chest Physicians performed systematic reviews to develop several ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p654.html

Nebulized Hypertonic Saline for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jul 1, 2018 - Despite reported benefits associated with the use of hypertonic saline for bronchiolitis, we have chosen a yellow recommendation because the more recent trials and systematic reviews have shown either much smaller effect size or no benefit at all compared with the older trials. Learn more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0701/p23.html

Broad-Spectrum Antibiotics Increase Adverse Events in Children with Acute Respiratory ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Broad-spectrum antibiotics are no more effective than narrow-spectrum antibiotics for treating acute respiratory tract infections in infants and children, and adverse events are significantly more common in children treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474a.html

Mite-Impermeable Covers Decrease Hospital Visits in Kids with Asthma - POEMs - American...

Nov 15, 2017 - In children with house dust mite allergies and asthma, the use of mite-impermeable bedding decreases the frequency of asthma exacerbations.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od4.html

Steroids at 34 to 36 Weeks’ and Before Term Cesarean Decrease Respiratory Distress ...

Feb 15, 2017 - For women admitted for imminent premature delivery at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, one or two doses of betamethasone or dexamethasone (8 to 12 mg) decrease the likelihood of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and shorten lengths of stay in the intensive care unit.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/od2.html

Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Obstructive sleep-disordered breathing is common in children. From 3 percent to 12 percent of children snore, while obstructive sleep apnea syndrome affects 1 percent to 10 percent of children. The majority of these children have mild symptoms, and many outgrow the condition. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1147.html

Croup - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2016 - What are the effects of treatments (dexamethasone or humidification) in children with mild and moderate to severe croup?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p476.html

Honey for Acute Cough in Children - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2016 - For patients one to 18 years of age, providing honey for cough symptoms can reduce the frequency and severity of cough, as well as improve sleep for patients and parents, when compared with placebo or no treatment. Honey is no better than dextromethorphan for symptom control.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p20.html

Single-Dose Dexamethasone Equals Three Days of Steroids in Children with Acute Asthma -...

Aug 15, 2016 - In addition to usual beta-agonist treatment, a single dose of oral dexamethasone is as effective as three days of prednisolone (with less vomiting) in decreasing respiratory symptoms without increasing hospitalizations, follow-up visits, and days lost from school. Additional treatment ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p317.html

AHA/ATS Release Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Pediatric Pulmonary ...

Apr 1, 2016 - These guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) address evaluation and treatment of pediatric pulmonary hypertension, including diagnosis, pharmacotherapy, and outpatient treatment recommendations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0401/p605.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/od1.html

AAP Releases Practice Guideline on Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of ...

Apr 15, 2015 - This guideline on the diagnosis, management, and prevention of bronchiolitis in children one to 23 months of age from the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) updates a previous guideline published in 2006.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0415/p578.html

Evidence Does Not Show Benefit of Treating Mycoplasma Pneumonia in Children - POEMs - ...

Jan 15, 2015 - After all these years of knowing about Mycoplasma pneumoniae as a cause of lower respiratory tract infections and the effectiveness of various antibiotics against it in a Petri dish, we still do not know whether treating mycoplasma pneumonia in children is effective. This study does not...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p132.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

PPIs, Childhood Asthma, and the Problem of Therapeutic Creep - AFP Journal Club - ...

Mar 15, 2014 - The use of a therapy in patients one would intuitively think might benefit, but in whom no benefit has been documented, is called therapeutic creep. The use of proton pump inhibitors for poorly controlled asthma is an example of this phenomenon.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0315/p476.html

A Simple Cough Algorithm for Children with Chronic Cough - POEMs - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2013 - In children with chronic cough, a simple approach of ruling out specific indicators of cause, followed by treating a wet cough with antibiotics, results in a significant decrease in the duration of cough. Some of the causes of chronic cough were reactive airway disease, bronchiectasis, ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/od1.html

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