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Use of Niacin for Primary or Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular or Cerebrovascular ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Prescription niacin (nicotinic acid, vitamin B3) does not reduce myocardial infarctions, strokes, or overall mortality when used for primary or secondary prevention.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p436.html

Impact of Exercise-Based Cardiac Rehabilitation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Dec 1, 2016 - Exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation reduces cardiovascular mortality and hospitalization. There is no evidence that it reduces the rates of total mortality, myocardial infarctions, coronary artery bypass grafts, or percutaneous coronary interventions.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1201/p881.html

The Risk of MI and Ischemic Stroke with Combined Oral Contraceptives - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2016 - The overall risk of MI and ischemic stroke is increased in women who use combined oral contraceptives. The relative risk of MI and ischemic stroke increases as estrogen dose rises, increasing by 60% with doses of 20 mcg and more than doubling when doses of 50 mcg or more are used.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p691.html

Dietary Fat Modification and the Risk of Future Cardiovascular Events and Mortality - ...

May 1, 2013 - According to the authors of this Cochrane review, reducing or modifying a patient's dietary fat intake did not lower the rates of either total or cardiovascular-related mortality when compared with usual or control diets. Reducing the intake of total or saturated fats decreased the risk...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0501/p609.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - Although no difference in effectiveness has been demonstrated in existing trials, too few patients have been studied to detect small but clinically important differences in pregnancy rates. Low-dose estrogen pills have higher rates of discontinuation and bleeding disturbances.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224a.html

Effectiveness of B-Complex Vitamins for Prevention of Cardiovascular Events - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2010 - Eight randomized clinical trials that included 24,210 patients did not show a reduction in MI, stroke, or all-cause mortality with B-complex vitamin therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p850.html

Heparins for Unstable Angina and Non-ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction - ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Compared with standard therapy with aspirin, the use of heparin does not reduce mortality, the need for revascularization, and recurrent angina. Heparin does reduce the occurrence of myocardial infarction (MI; number needed to treat [NNT] = 33), defined as typical chest pain associated ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p560.html

Aspirin Combined with Clopidogrel (Plavix) Decreases Cardiovascular Events in Patients ...

Dec 1, 2007 - A combination of aspirin and clopidogrel decreased cardiovascular events in patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease and in those with acute coronary syndrome. However, the risk of major bleeding events outweighed the benefits in all high-risk patients except those with acute ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1643.html

Early Invasive Therapy or Conservative Management for Unstable Angina or NSTEMI? - ...

Jan 1, 2007 - Compared with conservative management, early invasive treatment of patients with UA or NSTEMI using coronary angiography with or without revascularization reduces rehospitalization and refractory angina within the first year and significantly reduces mortality and myocardial infarction ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p47.html

Dietary Advice to Lower Cardiovascular Risk - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

May 1, 2006 - Dietary advice to lower fat and salt intake and increase intake of fruits, vegetables, and fiber produces modest improvements in cardiovascular risk factors. More intensive counseling yields greater effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1551.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - There is limited, weak evidence that a low glycemic index diet improves risk factors for CHD, but there are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) showing a reduction in morbidity or mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1224.html

Exercise-Based Rehabilitation for Coronary Heart Disease - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2004 - Cardiac rehabilitation based on exercise alone and comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation reduce all-cause mortality by about one third. It is unclear which type of rehabilitation is more beneficial.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p485.html

Should We Use Multiple Risk Factor Interventions for the Primary Prevention of Coronary...

Jul 15, 2002 - In hypertensive patients at high risk for coronary artery disease, multiple risk factor reduction interventions reduce risk factors and mortality. In other patients, multiple risk factor reduction interventions reduce total cholesterol levels, blood pressure (systolic and diastolic) ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p245.html

Can Reduced or Modified Dietary Fat Prevent Cardiovascular Disease? - Cochrane for ...

Jan 1, 2002 - Reducing or modifying the amount or type of fat in a patient's diet and replacing it with polyunsaturated fats will not significantly reduce the risk of death from all causes of cardiovascular disease but could reduce the risk of an important cardiovascular disease event by 16 percent. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0101/p53.html

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