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Alternative Interventions for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men -...

Jun 1, 2019 - In men with chronic pelvic pain and urinary dysfunction who have not responded to standard medical management, extracorporeal shock wave therapy reduces symptoms and increases quality of life. Acupuncture may also provide benefit to some patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p677.html

Antenatal Perineal Massage to Prevent Birth Trauma - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Mar 1, 2014 - Antenatal digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy is safe and well tolerated. Women who have not had a previous vaginal delivery and perform digital perineal massage in the final month of pregnancy experience less perineal birth trauma, mostly through fewer ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p335.html

Are Oral Betamimetics Effective Maintenance Therapies After Threatened Preterm Labor? -...

Mar 1, 2007 - There is no evidence to support the use of oral betamimetics for maintenance therapy after treatment for threatened preterm labor, and there is a risk of adverse effects with these drugs.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p648.html

Aromatase Inhibitors Such as Letrozole (Femara) vs. Clomiphene (Clomid) for Subfertile ...

May 1, 2019 - When treated with letrozole, subfertile women with PCOS who are trying to conceive have increased chances of pregnancy (number needed to treat [NNT] = 11) and live birth (NNT = 10) compared with those treated with clomiphene.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p545.html

Calcium Supplementation for Preventing Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy - Cochrane ...

Oct 1, 2015 - High-dose calcium supplementation (i.e., at least 1,000 mg per day) during pregnancy reduces the risk of developing hypertension and preeclampsia. The most significant risk reduction occurs in women at risk of hypertensive disorders and those with low-calcium diets.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p570.html

Caregiver Support for Women During Childbirth: Does the Presence of a Labor-Support ...

Oct 1, 2002 - This review indicates that continuous caregiver support during childbirth has a number of benefits with minimal to no risks. It was less likely that women would need pain medications or have an operative vaginal delivery, a cesarean section, or a five-minute Apgar score of less than 7 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1001/p1205.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - For empiric treatment of GERD or endoscopy-negative reflux disease, a short trial of a proton pump inhibitor increases the chance of remission. Histamine H2-receptor antagonists are less expensive and work well in many patients, particularly those with less severe symptoms or ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2005 - Based on three good studies of 462 patients, discontinuing epidural analgesia in the second stage of labor does not significantly change rates of instrumented delivery or other delivery outcomes, but it increases rates of inadequate pain relief.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0401/p1303.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Intravenous lidocaine and oral mexiletine provide a modest reduction in neuropathic pain with no indication of serious adverse effects. However, safety data are limited because most studies were of relatively short duration and fewer than 400 patients have been studied in total for each...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Induction of labor in patients with PROM does not increase the rates of cesarean delivery or operative vaginal delivery. Among patients who are induced there is a slightly lower incidence of chorioamnionitis (relative risk [RR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.97) and a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Mar 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - NPH insulin and metformin taken at bedtime appears to be the most favorable combination studied, but this conclusion is based on poor-quality, inconsistent studies that measure disease-oriented outcomes. There are no data on the effect of these drug combinations on patient-oriented ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p899.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Mar 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2005 - Treatment with betamimetics decreases the number of women with preterm labor who give birth within 48 hours, but it does not decrease the number of births within seven days. Limited evidence suggests that treatment with beta-mimetics does not decrease perinatal death or morbidity.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p899a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - Providing early opioid analgesia to patients presenting with acute abdominal pain does not affect or delay management decisions, but it lessens pain intensity as rated by the patient.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Oct 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2007 - There are no randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of labor induction in women with a low–transverse uterine scar. Observational studies indicate that there is a small increased risk of uterine rupture and adverse fetal outcomes, especially in women induced with prostaglandins. Although ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p971a.html

Complementary and Integrative Treatments for Pain Management in Labor - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2019 - There is evidence that all of the studied interventions have some benefit in labor, but the evidence is of low to very low quality. Massage, thermal interventions (warm and cold packs), relaxation techniques, yoga, and music reduce pain during latent labor, but not during active labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p154.html

Contraceptive Education for Women After Childbirth - Cochrane for Clinicians - American...

Jun 1, 2013 - Postpartum education may increase contraceptive use and reduce unplanned repeat pregnancies, although the evidence is mixed. The optimal timing and content of educational programs are not known.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0601/p761.html

Counseling Women About Mammography: Benefits vs. Harms - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2007 - Studies of mammography show a 0.1 percent absolute reduction in breast cancer mortality with mammography. This means that if 2,000 women are offered mammography over 10 years, one woman would have her life prolonged, 10 healthy women would be treated unnecessarily for breast cancer, and...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p652.html

Epidural Analgesia for Labor Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2012 - Compared with other types of analgesia or no analgesia, epidurals offered better pain relief, but were associated with a longer second stage of labor and increased risk of instrumental vaginal delivery, maternal fever, and oxytocin (Pitocin) administration. There were no statistically ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p241.html

Exercise for Treatment of the Vasomotor Symptoms of Menopause - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although menopausal women who exercise are less likely to report vasomotor symptoms than those who do not, there is insufficient evidence that counseling women to exercise is more effective than no treatment or hormone therapy for vasomotor symptoms of menopause.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p237.html

Expectant Management vs. Surgical Treatment for Miscarriage - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Oct 1, 2006 - Expectant management and surgical treatment are safe and effective for first-trimester miscarriage. Among patients who choose expectant management, there is a lower rate of pelvic infection but higher rates of mild bleeding, need for unplanned surgical treatment, and incomplete ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1001/p1125.html

Induction of Labor at or Beyond Term - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Fetal or neonatal deaths in women who delivered after their due date and before 42 weeks occur at a rate of less than 0.5 percent, regardless of whether labor is induced or spontaneous. Compared with awaiting spontaneous labor, inducing labor between 41 and 42 weeks is associated with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p581.html

Instruments for Assisted Vaginal Delivery - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2011 - Use of forceps is more likely to result in a vaginal delivery than use of vacuum devices (relative risk [RR] = 1.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.1 to 2.2), but has a higher rate of perineal trauma, tears, pain, and incontinence, and a trend toward more cesarean deliveries. Use of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0701/p26.html

Intensive Management of Gestational Diabetes - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2004 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Jul 1, 2004 Issue Cochrane Briefs Am Fam Physician. 2004 Jul 1;70(1):84. Intensive Management of Gestational Diabetes Clinical Question Does intensive management of gestational diabetes improve outcomes? Evidence-Based Answer There is...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p84.html

Interventions to Increase Cervical Cancer Screening Rates - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2012 - Invitation letters are the most studied method of encouraging cervical cancer screening, and they are effective (relative risk [RR] = 1.44; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.24 to 1.52).1–3 Invitation letters may be more cost-effective than more intensive recruitment efforts (e.g., ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0301/p443.html

Magnesium Sulfate and Other Anticonvulsants for Women with Preeclampsia - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2011 - Magnesium sulfate should be considered first-line treatment to prevent eclamptic seizures during labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0601/p1269.html

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