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Pulse Oximetry Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Defects in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Pulse oximetry is an accurate screening test for critical congenital heart defects in newborns. Pulse oximetry is simple to use, widely available, and has moderate sensitivity (76.3%) and good specificity (99.9%). However, the prevalence of critical congenital heart defects is low, and ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p421.html

Feed Thickener for Newborn Infants with Gastroesophageal Reflux - Cochrane for ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Feed thickeners decrease the number of reflux episodes in full-term formula-fed infants. Additionally, full-term formula-fed infants with GER who are given thickeners are more than twice as likely to be asymptomatic compared with infants not receiving thickeners at one to eight weeks of...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p275.html

Effect of Pacifier Use on Duration of Breastfeeding - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Mar 1, 2018 - In healthy, full-term, breastfeeding infants, there is moderate evidence that unrestricted pacifier use, started at birth or after lactation has been established, does not decrease the likelihood of continued exclusive or partial breastfeeding through four months of age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/p311.html

Effectiveness of Skin-to-Skin Care for Procedure-Related Pain in Newborns - Cochrane ...

Feb 1, 2018 - Skin-to-skin care, also known as kangaroo care, effectively reduces physiologic and behavioral measures of pain in neonates during painful procedures and has no identified adverse effects. Infants who received skin-to-skin care during painful procedures had a heart rate of 10.8 beats ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0201/p170.html

Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p216.html

The Impact of Contraception on Lactation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Use of hormonal contraception does not appear to shorten breastfeeding duration or negatively impact infant growth, based on inconsistent evidence of moderate quality. It is unclear if hormonal contraception negatively impacts breast milk volume or composition. Overall, there was ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p356.html

Early Developmental Intervention Programs for Preterm Infants - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Mar 1, 2014 - Early intervention programs improve cognitive performance in preterm infants up to 36 months of age, but no effect can be detected by five years of age. A small effect of early intervention on motor performance was found in infancy, but it did not persist until preschool or school age.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0301/p336.html

Impact of Breastfeeding Support - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2013 - Proactive support in many forms, provided by health care professionals or laypersons, increases the duration of any breastfeeding (including partial and exclusive) and exclusive breastfeeding. Face-to-face support is superior to telephone-based interventions. Support for continued ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0201/p176.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Although screening increases the proportion of newborns who are treated for DDH, there is insufficient evidence that targeted or universal ultrasound screening improves long-term orthopedic outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p10.html

Room Air vs. Oxygen for Resuscitating Infants at Birth - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - Based on limited evidence, it appears that mortality is lower in infants resuscitated with room air than in those given 100 percent oxygen. However, these results should be treated with caution because one fourth of studies used back-up supplementary oxygen.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p808.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Many patients request delayed umbilical cord clamping in their birth plans. Delayed cord clamping allows continued perfusion while the baby transitions to newborn circulation. However, when an infant is high risk, physicians frequently clamp and cut the cord early to allow the neonatal ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091a.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jun 1, 2005 - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Thickened feeds and metoclopramide reduce symptoms of GER in normally developing infants. However, elevating the head of the crib appears to have no effect.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2091.html

Gowning in Newborn and Special-Care Nurseries - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jul 1, 2004 - There is no evidence that gowning in newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) improves clinically important outcomes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0701/p83.html

Is Oral Sucrose an Effective Analgesic in Neonates? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Apr 15, 2003 - The use of oral sucrose, with or without pacifiers, has been shown to relieve pain in neonates, as assessed by physiologic and behavioral pain indicators and pain scores.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1713.html

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