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Saline Irrigation for Allergic Rhinitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2019 - asal saline irrigation reduces the severity of allergy symptoms for up to eight weeks vs. no treatment. It is uncertain if adding nasal saline to pharmacologic treatment further improves symptoms over pharmacologic treatment alone.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p544.html

Interventions to Facilitate Shared Decision Making to Address Antibiotic Use for Acute ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Interventions to facilitate shared decision making reduce the prescribing of antibiotics for acute respiratory tract infections in the short term (within six weeks of the consultation) without increasing return visits or decreasing patient satisfaction (number needed to treat [NNT] = 6).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/p11.html

Capsaicin for Nonallergic Rhinitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Intranasal capsaicin is safe and effective for reducing symptoms of nonallergic rhinitis (number needed to treat = 4; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1 to 22). There is insufficient evidence to compare the effectiveness of capsaicin to other topical or systemic medications.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p217.html

Intranasal Corticosteroids for Acute Bacterial Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2014 - Compared with patients not treated with intranasal corticosteroids, those who receive them have greater improvement or resolution of symptoms at two to three weeks, regardless of whether antibiotics are used. In a single head-to-head study, patients taking intranasal corticosteroids ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p286.html

Antibiotics for Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2014 - Compared with placebo, antibiotics can shorten the duration of sore throat symptoms by about 16 hours and can reduce complications. In countries where the absolute rates of complications are higher, antibiotic therapy is more likely to be effective. The effectiveness of antibiotic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p23.html

Corticosteroids for the Treatment of Sore Throat - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Jan 1, 2014 - In adults with suspected bacterial pharyngitis who require antibiotic therapy, adding a corticosteroid may increase the likelihood of complete pain resolution at 24 hours. Further study is needed to assess the safety of corticosteroids and whether they can be recommended for presumed ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0101/p14.html

Steroids for the Treatment of Otitis Media with Effusion in Children - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Oral steroid use, alone or in combination with antibiotics, speeds the resolution of otitis media with effusion. However, there is no evidence that oral steroids improve symptoms or affect long-term outcomes, such as hearing loss. Topical nasal steroids have no effect on otitis media ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p235.html

Short Course of Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media Treatment - Cochrane for Clinicians ...

Jan 1, 2011 - Antibiotic courses between two and seven days in duration are associated with a slightly higher risk of treatment failure than longer courses (number needed to treat = 33), but also a somewhat lower risk of adverse gastrointestinal effects (number needed to harm = 29). Ceftriaxone ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0101/p37.html

Antibiotics for Acute Maxillary Sinusitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2009 - Although there is some evidence that antibiotics are effective in the treatment of acute uncomplicated sinusitis, this benefit is modest. Most patients with acute sinusitis improve within two weeks without antibiotics. The potential risk of adverse effects from antibiotics may outweigh ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0501/p757.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Children with otitis media with effusion do not benefit from decongestants or antihistamines. Common adverse effects of these therapies are gastrointestinal upset, irritability, drowsiness, and dizziness (number needed to harm = 9).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Apr 1, 2007 - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2007 - Topical salicylic or lactic acid and cryotherapy are effective treatments for nongenital warts. Although cryotherapy is somewhat more effective, it is associated with more pain and blistering than salicylic or lactic acid. The spontaneous cure rate of nongenital warts is 50 to 70 ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1001a.html

Do Tympanostomy Tubes for OME Prevent Hearing Loss? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Sep 1, 2005 - In children with typical hearing and language development, immediate placement of tympanostomy tubes for OME does not improve important long-term outcomes compared with a period of watchful waiting and placement of tubes only if there is no improvement.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p807.html

Antibiotics for Acute Laryngitis in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2005 - Two small trials of antibiotic treatment in acute laryngitis do not support routine use of antibiotics in these patients. Most patients will feel better in five to seven days, and it is unlikely that they will experience a clinically important benefit from antibiotics.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p76.html

How Should We Treat Acute Maxillary Sinusitis? - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Sep 1, 2001 - If acute maxillary sinusitis is defined as positive radiographs or positive sinus aspiration cultures, limited evidence indicates that therapy with either amoxicillin or penicillin for seven to 14 days is modestly effective.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0901/p837.html

Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Otitis Media? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2001 - Based on this review and the systematic reviews of Rosenfeld and Kozyrskyj, antibiotics appear to play a small but potentially useful role in the treatment of acute otitis media in children. Antibiotics produce a reduction in pain at two to seven days but have no effect on tympanometry,...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0801/p469.html

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