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Attenuating Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Dec 15, 2000 - Patients with type 2 diabetes (formerly known as non-insulin-resistant diabetes) have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients. By inducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2633.html

Diabetic Foot Infection - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2008 - Foot infections are common in patients with diabetes and are associated with high morbidity and risk of lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are classified as mild, moderate, or severe. Gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus aureus and beta-hemolytic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0701/p71.html

Diabetic Foot Infections - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2013 - Diabetic foot infection, defined as soft tissue or bone infection below the malleoli, is the most common complication of diabetes mellitus leading to hospitalization and the most frequent cause of nontraumatic lower extremity amputation. Diabetic foot infections are diagnosed clinically...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0801/p177.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Common Questions - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Diabetic nephropathy, or diabetic kidney disease, affects 20 to 30 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a common cause of kidney failure. Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels of albumin (microalbuminuria) in the urine. The most practical method of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p96.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 9 percent of pregnancies in the United States and is growing in prevalence. It is a controversial entity, with conflicting guidelines and treatment protocols. Recent studies show that diagnosis and management of this disorder have beneficial effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57.html

Educational Guidelines for Achieving Tight Control and Minimizing Complications of Type...

Nov 1, 1999 - Tight glucose control with intensive therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes) can delay the onset and slow the progression of retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Optimal blood glucose control is defined by a target ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p1985.html

Evaluation and Prevention of Diabetic Neuropathy - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2005 - Diabetic neuropathy is a debilitating disorder that occurs in nearly 50 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a late finding in type 1 diabetes but can be an early finding in type 2 diabetes. The primary types of diabetic neuropathy are sensorimotor and autonomic. Patients may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0601/p2123.html

Facilitating Treatment Adherence With Lifestyle Changes in Diabetes - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2004 - Healthy eating and increased physical activity can prevent or delay diabetes and its complications. Techniques that facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes can be adapted to primary care. Often, the patient's readiness to work toward change must be developed gradually. To ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p309.html

Gastrointestinal Complications of Diabetes - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - Gastrointestinal complications of diabetes include gastroparesis, intestinal enteropathy (which can cause diarrhea, constipation, and fecal incontinence), and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. Patients with gastroparesis may present with early satiety, nausea, vomiting, bloating, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1697.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

Hyperosmolar Hyperglycemic State - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - Hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state is a life-threatening emergency manifested by marked elevation of blood glucose, hyperosmolarity, and little or no ketosis. With the dramatic increase in the prevalence of type 2 diabetes and the aging population, this condition may be encountered more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1723.html

Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Impaired Fasting Glucose - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose form an intermediate stage in the natural history of diabetes mellitus. From 10 to 15 percent of adults in the United States have one of these conditions. Impaired glucose tolerance is defined as two-hour glucose levels of 140 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1961.html

Insulin Resistance Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - Insulin resistance can be linked to diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, cardiovascular disease and other abnormalities. These abnormalities constitute the insulin resistance syndrome. Because resistance usually develops long before these diseases appear, identifying and treating ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1159.html

Insulin Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes: Rescue, Augmentation, and Replacement of Beta-Cell...

Aug 1, 2004 - Type 2 diabetes is characterized by progressive beta-cell failure. Indications for exogenous insulin therapy in patients with this condition include acute illness or surgery, pregnancy, glucose toxicity, contraindications to or failure to achieve goals with oral antidiabetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p489.html

Management of Blood Glucose in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - Evidence-based guidelines for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus focus on three areas: intensive lifestyle intervention that includes at least 150 minutes per week of physical activity, weight loss with an initial goal of 7 percent of baseline weight, and a low-fat, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p29.html

Management of Type 2 Diabetes in Youth: An Update - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2007 - Although type 1 diabetes historically has been more common in patients eight to 19 years of age, type 2 diabetes is emerging as an important disease in this group. Type 2 diabetes accounts for 8 to 45 percent of new childhood diabetes. This article is an update from the National ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0901/p658.html

Metabolic Syndrome: Time for Action - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - The constellation of dyslipidemia (hypertriglyceridemia and low levels of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), elevated blood pressure, impaired glucose tolerance, and central obesity is identified now as metabolic syndrome, also called syndrome X. Soon, metabolic syndrome will ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2875.html

Oral Agents in the Management of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - Despite exhaustive efforts to better manage patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (formerly known as non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus), attempts at maintaining near normal blood glucose levels in these patients remains unsatisfactory. This continues to pose a real challenge to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1747.html

Recognition and Management of Hereditary Hemochromatosis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - Hereditary hemochromatosis is the most common inherited single-gene disorder in people of northern European descent. It is characterized by increased intestinal absorption of iron, with deposition of the iron in multiple organs. Previously, the classic description was combined diabetes ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p853.html

Reducing Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Message from ...

Oct 15, 2003 - Cardiovascular disease is responsible for 65 percent of deaths in persons with type 2 diabetes. However, awareness of cardiovascular disease risk factors among patients with diabetes remains low, resulting in missed opportunities to lower risks for coronary events and strokes. The ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1569.html

Risk-Assessment Tools for Detecting Undiagnosed Diabetes - Point-of-Care Guides - ...

Jul 15, 2009 - Early intervention with lifestyle modifications or pharmacotherapy has been shown to effectively delay or prevent type 2 diabetes in adults.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0715/p175.html

Tight Control of Type 1 Diabetes: Recommendations for Patients - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2006 - Tight control of blood glucose levels and risk factors for cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension, hypercholesterolemia) can substantially reduce the incidence of microvascular and macrovascular complications from type 1 diabetes. Physicians play an important role in helping ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0915/p971.html

Treating Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathic Pain - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - Diabetic peripheral neuropathic pain affects the functionality, mood, and sleep patterns of approximately 10 to 20 percent of patients with diabetes mellitus. Treatment goals include restoring function and improving pain control. Patients can realistically expect a 30 to 50 percent ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p151.html

Treating Painful Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy occurs in approximately 25% of patients with diabetes mellitus who are treated in the office setting and significantly affects quality of life. It typically causes burning pain, paresthesias, and numbness in a stocking-glove pattern that progresses...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p227.html

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus and the Use of Flexible Insulin Regimens - American Family ...

Nov 15, 1999 - The management of type 1 diabetes mellitus (formerly known as insulin-dependent diabetes) has changed dramatically over the past 30 years. In particular, new insulin strategies have improved the ability to maintain near-normal glycemia. Factors such as onset, peak and duration of action...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1115/p2343.html

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