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Apophysitis and Osteochondrosis: Common Causes of Pain in Growing Bones - American ...

May 15, 2019 - Apophysitis and osteochondrosis are common causes of pain in growing bones but have differing etiologies and required management. Apophysitis results from a traction injury to the cartilage and bony attachment of tendons in children and adolescents. Most often it is an overuse injury in...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0515/p610.html

Knee Pain in Adults and Adolescents: The Initial Evaluation - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2018 - Knee pain affects approximately 25% of adults, and its prevalence has increased almost 65% over the past 20 years, accounting for nearly 4 million primary care visits annually. Initial evaluation should emphasize excluding urgent causes while considering the need for referral. Key ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p576.html

Screening for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

May 15, 2018 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in children and adolescents aged 10 to 18 years.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/od1.html

Hyperpronation Method for Reduction of Nursemaid's Elbow - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

May 15, 2018 - Although data are limited, the results have consistently shown a higher rate of success with first attempt reduction of nursemaids' elbow when the hyperpronation method was used. For other outcomes, including pain and adverse effects such as bruising, no conclusions could be drawn ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/od2.html

Screening for Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis - Putting Prevention into Practice - ...

May 15, 2018 - A 10-year-old girl with no significant medical history presents to your clinic for a school physical and well visit. She will begin fifth grade in the fall and actively participated in a summer soccer program at a local sports club. She reports no associated injuries or pain.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/p666.html

Lower Extremity Abnormalities in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2017 - Leg and foot problems in childhood are common causes of parental concern. Rotational problems include intoeing and out-toeing. Intoeing is most common in infants and young children. Intoeing is caused by metatarsus adductus, internal tibial torsion, and femoral anteversion. Out-toeing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0815/p226.html

Treatment for Calcaneal Apophysitis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2017 - Several treatments for calcaneal apophysitis may produce modest short-term improvements in pain scores. Heel inserts and prefabricated orthotics may initially improve pain scores and dysfunction, but patients have equal improvement by three months with or without therapy.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0715/p126.html

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2017 - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE) is the most common hip disorder in adolescents, occurring in 10.8 per 100,000 children. SCFE usually occurs in those eight to 15 years of age and is one of the most commonly missed diagnoses in children. SCFE is classified as stable or unstable ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0615/p779.html

A Systematic Approach to the Evaluation of a Limping Child - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - A limp is defined as a deviation from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern resulting in an uneven, jerky, or laborious gait. It can be caused by pain, weakness, or deformity as a result of a variety of conditions. Transient synovitis is the most common diagnosis. Other causes of acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p908.html

Diagnosis and Nonsurgical Treatment of DDH in Infants Up to Six Months of Age: ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p882.html

Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2014 - Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is the most common form of scoliosis, affecting approximately 2% to 4% of adolescents. The incidence of scoliosis is about the same in males and females; however, females have up to a 10-fold greater risk of curve progression. Although most youths with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p193.html

Managing Intoeing in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Intoeing can be accurately diagnosed using a history, physical examination, and torsional profile.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p937.html

Osteochondrosis: Common Causes of Pain in Growing Bones - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2011 - Osteochondrosis is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the growing skeleton. These disorders result from abnormal growth, injury, or overuse of the developing growth plate and surrounding ossification centers. The exact etiology of these disorders is unknown, but ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0201/p285.html

Slipped Capital Femoral Epiphysis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2010 - Slipped capital femoral epiphysis is the most common hip disorder in adolescents, and it has a prevalence of 10.8 cases per 100,000 children. It usually occurs in children eight to 15 years of age, and it is one of the most commonly missed diagnoses in children. Slipped capital femoral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0801/p258.html

Hip Pain in Preschool-Age Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2009 - Evidence is lacking on the most common causes of hip pain in children because most data come from cohort studies and include referred patients. Based on these studies, transient synovitis is the most common cause of hip pain in preschool-age children, accounting for more than 80 percent...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0815/p385.html

The Limping Child: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2009 - Deviations from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern can be caused by a wide variety of conditions. In most children, limping is caused by a mild, self-limiting event, such as a contusion, strain, or sprain. In some cases, however, a limp can be a sign of a serious or even ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0201/p215.html

Evaluation of Back Pain in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2007 - Back pain is fairly prevalent in healthy children and adolescents. When children or adolescents seek medical care for back pain, it is highly likely that underlying pathology will be identified. Common causes of back pain include nonspecific pain or muscle strain, herniated disk, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1669.html

AAP Releases Recommendations on Overuse Injuries and Overtraining in Child Athletes - ...

Dec 1, 2007 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recently released guidelines to assist in identifying and counseling children at risk of overuse injuries and overtraining syndrome.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1725.html

Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - Developmental dysplasia of the hip refers to a continuum of abnormalities in the immature hip that can range from subtle dysplasia to dislocation. The identification of risk factors, including breech presentation and family history, should heighten a physician's suspicion of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1310.html

Ultrasonography in Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip - Editorials - ...

Oct 15, 2006 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Oct 15, 2006 Issue Editorials Ultrasonography in the Assessment of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip BARBARA P. YAWN, M.D. M.SC., Olmsted Medical Center, Rochester, Minnesota IRIS R. MABRY, M.D. M.P.H., Agency for Healthcare Research...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1284.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part I. Initial Evaluation - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Musculoskeletal pain can be difficult for children to characterize. Primary care physicians must determine whether the pain may be caused by a systemic disease. Change in activity, constitutional symptoms such as fevers and fatigue, or abnormal examination findings without obvious ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p115.html

Screening for Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: Recommendation Statement - U.S. ...

Jun 1, 2006 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1992.html

Childhood and Adolescent Sports-Related Overuse Injuries - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Youth sports participation carries an inherent risk of injury, including overuse injuries. Little leaguer's shoulder, a stress fracture of the proximal humerus that presents as lateral shoulder pain, usually is self-limited. Little leaguer's elbow is a medial stress injury; treatment ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1014.html

AAP Guidelines on Health Supervision of Patients with Achondroplasia - Practice ...

Mar 15, 2006 - The Committee on Genetics of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a clinical report that includes guidelines to help physicians oversee the health of patients with achondroplasia.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1112.html

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