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A Clinical Approach to Diagnosing Wrist Pain - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - A detailed history alone may lead to a specific diagnosis in approximately 70 percent of patients who have wrist pain. Patients who present with spontaneous onset of wrist pain, who have a vague or distant history of trauma, or whose activities consist of repetitive loading could be ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1753.html

A Systematic Approach to the Evaluation of a Limping Child - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2015 - A limp is defined as a deviation from a normal age-appropriate gait pattern resulting in an uneven, jerky, or laborious gait. It can be caused by pain, weakness, or deformity as a result of a variety of conditions. Transient synovitis is the most common diagnosis. Other causes of acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1115/p908.html

Acute Knee Effusions: A Systematic Approach to Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - Knee effusions may be the result of trauma, overuse or systemic disease. An understanding of knee pathoanatomy is an invaluable part of making the correct diagnosis and formulating a treatment plan. Taking a thorough medical history is the key component of the evaluation. The most ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2391.html

Acute Knee Injuries: Use of Decision Rules for Selective Radiograph Ordering - American...

Dec 1, 1999 - Family physicians often encounter patients with acute knee trauma. Radiographs of injured knees are commonly ordered, even though fractures are found in only 6 percent of such patients and emergency department physicians can usually discriminate clinically between fracture and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1201/p2599.html

Anterior Hip Pain - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - Anterior hip pain is a common complaint with many possible causes. Apophyseal avulsion and slipped capital femoral epiphysis should not be overlooked in adolescents. Muscle and tendon strains are common in adults. Subsequent to accurate diagnosis, strains should improve with rest and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1687.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part I. Initial Evaluation - American Family ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Musculoskeletal pain can be difficult for children to characterize. Primary care physicians must determine whether the pain may be caused by a systemic disease. Change in activity, constitutional symptoms such as fevers and fatigue, or abnormal examination findings without obvious ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p115.html

Chronic Shouler Pain Part I: Evaluation and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - Shoulder pain is defined as chronic when it has been present for longer than six months. Common conditions that can result in chronic shoulder pain include rotator cuff disorders, adhesive capsulitis, shoulder instability, and shoulder arthritis. Rotator cuff disorders include ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p453.html

Diagnosing Heel Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - Heel pain is a common condition in adults that may cause significant discomfort and disability. A variety of soft tissue, osseous, and systemic disorders can cause heel pain. Narrowing the differential diagnosis begins with a history and physical examination of the lower extremity to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p332.html

Diagnosing Lumbar Spinal Stenosis - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2009 - Lumbar spinal stenosis is an important cause of pain and disability, and surgery is beneficial for appropriately selected patients. Therefore, it is important for primary care physicians to distinguish patients with spinal stenosis from those with musculoskeletal low back pain, ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1115/p1145.html

Diagnosing Rotator Cuff Tears - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2005 - As with many conditions, single physical examination maneuvers rarely are sensitive enough to rule out disease when absent or specific enough to rule in disease when present. By themselves, these maneuvers increase or decrease the likelihood of disease slightly, and it remains up to the...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0415/p1587.html

Diagnosis and Nonsurgical Treatment of DDH in Infants Up to Six Months of Age: ...

Jun 15, 2015 - The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS) has provided guidance, based on limited and moderate evidence, on diagnosing and nonsurgical treatments for developmental dysplasia of the hip in infants up to six months of age.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p882.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Biceps Tendinitis and Tendinosis - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Biceps tendinitis is inflammation of the tendon around the long head of the biceps muscle. Biceps tendinosis is caused by degeneration of the tendon from athletics requiring overhead motion or from the normal aging process. Inflammation of the biceps tendon in the bicipital groove, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p470.html

Diagnosis of Heel Pain - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2011 - Heel pain is a common presenting symptom in ambulatory clinics. There are many causes, but a mechanical etiology is most common. Location of pain can be a guide to the proper diagnosis. The most common diagnosis is plantar fasciitis, a condition that leads to medial plantar heel pain, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1015/p909.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Ankle and Foot - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2003 - Joint and soft tissue injection of the ankle and foot region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. This article reviews the injection procedure for the plantar fascia, ankle joint, tarsal tunnel, interdigital space, and first metatarsophalangeal joint. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1001/p1356.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Elbow Region - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - Joint injection of the elbow is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedures for the elbow joint, medial and lateral epicondylitis, and olecranon bursitis are reviewed. Persistent pain related to inflammatory conditions ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2097.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Hip and Knee - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - Joint injection of the hip and knee regions is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedure for the greater trochanteric bursa, the knee joint, the pes anserine bursa, the iliotibial band, and the prepatellar bursa is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2147.html

Diagnostic and Therapeutic Injection of the Wrist and Hand Region - American Family ...

Feb 15, 2003 - Joint injection of the wrist and hand region is a useful diagnostic and therapeutic tool for the family physician. In this article, the injection procedures for carpal tunnel syndrome, de Quervain's tenosynovitis, osteoarthritis of the first carpometacarpal joint, wrist ganglion cysts, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p745.html

Diagnostic Approach to Polyarticular Joint Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2003 - Identifying the cause of polyarticular joint pain can be difficult because of the extensive differential diagnosis. A thorough history and a complete physical examination are essential. Six clinical factors are helpful in narrowing the possible causes: disease chronology, inflammation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0915/p1151.html

Early Imaging for Low Back Pain in Older Adults Raises Costs Without Improving Quality ...

Aug 15, 2015 - Among adults 65 years or older who present to primary care clinicians for a new episode of back pain, early imaging (before six weeks) resulted in no improved outcomes at one year, but increased overall health care costs by almost 30%.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0815/p310.html

Evaluating Acutely Injured Patients for Internal Derangement of the Knee - American ...

Feb 1, 2012 - Although historical findings have some value in diagnosing internal derangement of the knee, a thorough physical examination can often rule out fracture and ligamentous and meniscal injuries. The Ottawa Knee Rule can help physicians determine which patients require radiography. Positive...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p247.html

Evaluating the Patient with a Knee Injury - Point-of-Care Guides - American Family ...

Mar 15, 2005 - Traditionally, physical examination maneuvers, such as the Lachman test, the pivot shift, the anterior drawer, and the McMurray test, have been recommended for patients with acute or subacute knee injury.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1169.html

Evaluating the Patient with an Ankle or Foot Injury - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Oct 15, 2004 - The Ottawa Ankle and Foot Rules are validated clinical decision rules. The process by which the Ottawa rules were developed and validated serves as a model for researchers in developing decision support tools for other clinical problems.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1535.html

Evaluation and Diagnosis of Wrist Pain: A Case-Based Approach - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2013 - Patients with wrist pain commonly present with an acute injury or spontaneous onset of pain without a definite traumatic event. A fall onto an outstretched hand can lead to a scaphoid fracture, which is the most commonly fractured carpal bone. Conventional radiography alone can miss up ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0415/p568.html

Evaluation of Back Pain in Children and Adolescents - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2007 - Back pain is fairly prevalent in healthy children and adolescents. When children or adolescents seek medical care for back pain, it is highly likely that underlying pathology will be identified. Common causes of back pain include nonspecific pain or muscle strain, herniated disk, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1669.html

Evaluation of Elbow Pain in Adults - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2014 - The elbow is a complex joint designed to withstand a wide range of dynamic exertional forces. The location and quality of elbow pain can generally localize the injury to one of the four anatomic regions: anterior, medial, lateral, or posterior. The history should include questions about...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p649.html

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