Search Results for

*

1-18 of 18 ResultsHelp using search on aafp.org Sort by Relevance , Date , Title

Effectiveness and Safety of Factor Xa Inhibitors in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation -...

Oct 1, 2019 - Treatment of AFib with a factor Xa inhibitor results in a decrease in the combined end point of stroke and embolic events (odds ratio [OR] = 0.89; 95% CI, 0.82 to 0.97), as well as a decrease in intracranial hemorrhage (OR = 0.50; 95% CI, 0.42 to 0.59) and all-cause mortality (OR = ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p405.html

Vaccines for Preventing Influenza in Healthy Children, Healthy Adults, and Older Adults...

Aug 1, 2019 - Influenza vaccination reduces rates of laboratory-confirmed influenza and symptomatic influenza-like illness in healthy children, healthy adults, and older adults. There is no consistent evidence that influenza vaccination reduces school absenteeism in children, parental absenteeism ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p143.html

Preventing or Delaying Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus with Diet and Exercise - Cochrane for ...

Dec 1, 2018 - There is moderate-quality evidence that in patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) defined by an abnormal 75-g two-hour glucose tolerance test, implementing changes in diet and adding physical activity together can prevent or delay the development of type 2 diabetes.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1201/p643.html

Direct Oral Anticoagulants vs. Warfarin to Prevent Stroke and Embolic Events in ...

Apr 1, 2019 - Direct oral anticoagulants are as likely as warfarin to prevent all strokes and systemic embolic events in patients with atrial fibrillation and CKD stage 3. They do not increase the risk of major bleeding events. The evidence remains insufficient to make recommendations for the use of ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p422.html

DPP-4 Inhibitors and GLP-1 Receptor Agonists for Prevention or Delay of Type 2 Diabetes...

Apr 1, 2018 - There is only limited-quality evidence that at-risk patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists are less likely to progress to diabetes (number needed to treat [NNT] = 23). Serious adverse events were more likely in patients taking GLP-1 receptor agonists than in patients taking placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p437.html

Use of Niacin for Primary or Secondary Prevention of Cardiovascular or Cerebrovascular ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Prescription niacin (nicotinic acid, vitamin B3) does not reduce myocardial infarctions, strokes, or overall mortality when used for primary or secondary prevention.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p436.html

Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Patients Being Treated for or Recovering from ...

Nov 1, 2017 - Pharmacotherapy alone and pharmacotherapy plus counseling are effective for tobacco cessation among patients being treated for or recovering from alcohol and substance use disorders. Counseling interventions without pharmacotherapy are not effective for tobacco cessation among patients ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p572.html

The Effect of Statins on Dementia and Cognitive Decline - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Statins given in later life to patients at risk of vascular disease do not prevent dementia or cognitive decline compared with placebo. Adverse effects are similar between groups.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p151.html

Interventions for Preventing Falls Among Older Adults Living in the Community - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Structured exercise programs and home safety interventions reduce both the rate and the risk of falling among community-dwelling adults 65 years and older, whereas multifactorial assessment and intervention programs reduce the rate of falls but not the risk of falling. Vitamin D ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p152.html

Amiodarone for the Prevention of Sudden Cardiac Death - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Although not a substitute for an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), amiodarone is effective for the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death when compared with placebo (number needed to treat [NNT] = 47; 95% confidence interval [CI], 33 to 100), but it does not ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/p692.html

Influenza Vaccination for the Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2016 - Influenza vaccination may reduce cardiovascular mortality in patients with established cardiovascular disease. The effect of vaccination is unclear among patients in the general population without known cardiovascular disease.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p357.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Feb 1, 2016 - Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p178.html

Topiramate for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Jul 1, 2014 - Topiramate in a dosage of 100 mg per day is effective for decreasing the frequency of headaches in adults with episodic migraine.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p24.html

Gabapentin for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

May 1, 2014 - Gabapentin does not decrease the frequency of migraine headaches and is not recommended for prophylactic therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p714.html

Prophylactic Antibiotics for the Prevention of COPD Exacerbation - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Continuous prophylactic antibiotic therapy significantly decreases COPD exacerbations for up to three years. However, it does not decrease mortality, and it puts the patient at risk of antibiotic-resistant colonization and infection.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p870.html

Prevention of Herpes Zoster in Older Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Nov 1, 2013 - The herpes zoster (shingles) vaccine has demonstrated effectiveness in preventing shingles in older adults. Vaccination benefit was greater in persons 60 to 69 years of age than in those 70 years and older. Local injection site reactions were common.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1101/p578.html

Statins for Primary Cardiovascular Prevention - Cochrane for Clinicians - American ...

Oct 1, 2011 - Trials to date have found that statins reduce all-cause mortality, composite cardiovascular outcomes, and revascularization. However, most trials included large numbers of persons with known CVD. Clear evidence of the effectiveness of statins to prevent a first cardiovascular event is ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/1001/p767.html

Aerobic Activity for Cognitive Function - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Physical activity improves cardiovascular fitness in persons older than 55 years. Cognitive speed and auditory and visual attention are increased in healthy older adults who exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p562.html

Page  1

25 50 100 results per page