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Migraine Headache Prophylaxis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2019 - Migraines impose significant health and financial burdens. Approximately 38% of patients with episodic migraines would benefit from preventive therapy, but less than 13% take prophylactic medications. Preventive medication therapy reduces migraine frequency, severity, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p17.html

Recurrent Ischemic Stroke: Strategies for Prevention - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2017 - Recurrent strokes make up almost 25% of the nearly 800,000 strokes that occur annually in the United States. Risk factors for ischemic stroke include hypertension, diabetes mellitus, hyperlipidemia, sleep apnea, and obesity. Lifestyle modifications, including tobacco cessation, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/p436.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Erenumab (Aimovig) for Migraine Prophylaxis in Adults - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - Erenumab is a safe option for migraine prophylaxis in adults. However, it is expensive and should be reserved for patients who have experienced intolerable adverse effects while taking oral migraine prophylaxis medication or who have poor adherence to daily preventive treatment.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p781.html

Short-Term Clopidogrel Plus Aspirin Prevents Second Ischemic Stroke Better Than Aspirin...

Aug 15, 2019 - Combined treatment with clopidogrel and aspirin, started within 24 hours of the first event, will decrease the likelihood of a recurrent stroke in an additional 2% of patients compared with aspirin alone, with a slight increase in the risk of extra-cranial bleeding.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p249.html

Vitamin D is Equal to Placebo for Preventing Cognitive Decline in African-American ...

Jul 15, 2019 - Is vitamin D more effective than placebo in preventing cognitive decline in African American women older than 65 years who have low serum vitamin D levels at baseline?

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0715/p118.html

Medications Ineffective to Prevent Cognitive Decline or Dementia - POEMs - American ...

Aug 15, 2018 - None of the medications in this systematic review prevented or delayed cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, or dementia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0815/p248a.html

The Effect of Statins on Dementia and Cognitive Decline - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Statins given in later life to patients at risk of vascular disease do not prevent dementia or cognitive decline compared with placebo. Adverse effects are similar between groups.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p151.html

Sertraline Reduces Risk of Depression in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury - POEMs - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This study found that sertraline is more effective than placebo (number needed to treat = 6) in preventing the onset of a major depressive disorder in adults following a TBI. This study included patients with mild, moderate, and severe TBI.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194.html

Valproate for Adult Migraine Prophylaxis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2016 - Evidence supports current guideline recommendations on the use of valproate medications to prevent migraine.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1101/od1.html

Pioglitazone After Stroke or TIA Reduces Stroke and MI, but Also Has Significant Harms ...

Aug 15, 2016 - In patients with a recent stroke or TIA and evidence of insulin resistance, pioglitazone reduces the likelihood of myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke (number needed to treat [NNT] = 36 over five years) but increases the risk of significant weight gain (number needed to treat to harm ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p319.html

Real-World Study Finds Lower Mortality and Stroke Risk with Dabigatran, but More GI ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In this well-designed observational study, older patients given an initial prescription of dabigatran had lower all-cause mortality and fewer ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, but a higher risk of gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding, than a matched group of patients given warfarin.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p529.html

AHA and ASA Release Guideline for Prevention of Future Stroke in Patients with Stroke ...

Jan 15, 2015 - The American Heart Association (AHA) and American Stroke Association (ASA) have updated their guideline on prevention of future stroke in patients with a history of stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Currently, the average annual rate of future stroke in these patients is at a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0115/p136.html

AHA/ASA Release Guideline on Stroke Prevention in Women - Practice Guidelines - ...

Mar 1, 2015 - The American Heart Association and American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) have released a guideline to help physicians identify women with increased risk of stroke and initiate appropriate preventive measures. The guideline includes recommendations on pregnancy and stroke; cerebral ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p330.html

Topiramate for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

Jul 1, 2014 - Topiramate in a dosage of 100 mg per day is effective for decreasing the frequency of headaches in adults with episodic migraine.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p24.html

Gabapentin for the Prophylaxis of Episodic Migraine in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians...

May 1, 2014 - Gabapentin does not decrease the frequency of migraine headaches and is not recommended for prophylactic therapy.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0501/p714.html

AHA/ASA Publish Advisory on Oral Antithrombotics for Stroke Prevention in Nonvalvular ...

May 15, 2013 - New antithrombotics provide alternatives to warfarin, and may lower the threshold for thromboembolic risk for initiating therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation. This advisory summarizes existing American Heart Association/American Stroke Association (AHA/ASA) recommendations on ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0515/p732.html

Preventing Dementia: Is There Hope for Progress? - Editorials - American Family Physician

May 1, 2011 - Undoubtedly, there is an increasing need to clarify the modifiable risk factors for cognitive impairment. Because the prevalence of dementia doubles every five years, the global burden of dementia will increase significantly—an impact that warrants a more anticipatory approach to ...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0501/p1034.html

Aerobic Activity for Cognitive Function - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2009 - Physical activity improves cardiovascular fitness in persons older than 55 years. Cognitive speed and auditory and visual attention are increased in healthy older adults who exercise.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0401/p562.html

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