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Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Culture-Specific Asthma Education Programs for Minority Groups - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2018 - In children from minority groups, culture-specific asthma education programs (CAEPs) reduce the number of severe asthma exacerbations requiring hospitalization and improve asthma control as measured by the Childhood Asthma Control Test but not the Asthma Control Questionnaire. CAEPs ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/1101/p572.html

Radon: A Leading Environmental Cause of Lung Cancer - Editorials - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2018 - Protracted exposure to radon is the leading environmental cause of cancer deaths in the United States. Family physicians play a key role in informing patients about the health risks.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p280.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Effectiveness of Pneumococcal Vaccines - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family ...

May 1, 2018 - The 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (PPSV23; Pneumovax 23) decreases the relative risk of community-acquired pneumonia in adults by 13%. The risk is reduced by 28% in the population that includes adults older than 65 years, those with lung disease, and those living in a ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od3.html

Pneumococcal Vaccines in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by the ...

Apr 1, 2018 - Pneumococcal vaccines had no significant effect on mortality from cardiorespiratory disease when compared with control and had no significant effect on all-cause mortality. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p463.html

Interventions for Tobacco Cessation in Patients Being Treated for or Recovering from ...

Nov 1, 2017 - Pharmacotherapy alone and pharmacotherapy plus counseling are effective for tobacco cessation among patients being treated for or recovering from alcohol and substance use disorders. Counseling interventions without pharmacotherapy are not effective for tobacco cessation among patients ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1101/p572.html

Mite-Impermeable Covers Decrease Hospital Visits in Kids with Asthma - POEMs - American...

Nov 15, 2017 - In children with house dust mite allergies and asthma, the use of mite-impermeable bedding decreases the frequency of asthma exacerbations.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/od4.html

DVT and Pulmonary Embolism: Part II. Treatment and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2004 - Treatment goals for deep venous thrombosis include stopping clot propagation and preventing the recurrence of thrombus, the occurrence of pulmonary embolism, and the development of pulmonary hypertension, which can be a complication of multiple recurrent pulmonary emboli. About 30 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0615/p2841.html

Steroids at 34 to 36 Weeks’ and Before Term Cesarean Decrease Respiratory Distress ...

Feb 15, 2017 - For women admitted for imminent premature delivery at 34 to 36 weeks of gestation, one or two doses of betamethasone or dexamethasone (8 to 12 mg) decrease the likelihood of neonatal respiratory distress syndrome and shorten lengths of stay in the intensive care unit.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0215/od2.html

The Health Hazards of Air Pollution—Implications for Your Patients - Editorials - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - Air pollution has many deleterious health effects. Physicians can encourage their patients to recognize the health cobenefits of actions to support the environment.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p146.html

In Patients with Vascular Disease, Treating Sleep Apnea Does Not Reduce the Risk of ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Compared with usual care, the use of CPAP provides a modest improvement in daytime sleepiness, but does not reduce the likelihood of cardiovascular events, even in a high-risk population.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p123.html

ACP Recommendations for VTE Prophylaxis in Hospitalized Patients - Practice Guidelines ...

Jun 15, 2012 - Most hospitalized patients have at least one risk factor for venous thromboembolism (VTE), such as pulmonary embolism or deep venous thrombosis. The American College of Physicians (ACP) has released guidelines on VTE prophylaxis in hospitalized, nonsurgical patients, including those ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/p1204.html

Electronic Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family...

Feb 1, 2016 - Electronic cigarettes with nicotine increase smoking cessation rates compared with placebo, with effectiveness similar to that of nicotine patches. In addition, more patients using electronic cigarettes with nicotine were able to halve their use of cigarettes than those using placebo ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p178.html

Prophylactic Antibiotics for the Prevention of COPD Exacerbation - Cochrane for ...

Jun 1, 2014 - Continuous prophylactic antibiotic therapy significantly decreases COPD exacerbations for up to three years. However, it does not decrease mortality, and it puts the patient at risk of antibiotic-resistant colonization and infection.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0601/p870.html

Is Rivaroxaban Noninferior to Standard Warfarin Therapy in Preventing Recurrent PE and ...

Jun 15, 2013 - A trial showing that one drug is noninferior to another does not mean that these drugs are equivalent. The noninferiority margin allows researchers to choose their own benchmark for what is considered a clinically significant difference between two drugs.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p872.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Clinical Evidence Handbook - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2011 - What are the effects of interventions to prevent community-acquired pneumonia? What are the effects of treatments for community-acquired pneumonia in outpatient settings and in persons admitted to a hospital or receiving instensive care?

American Family Physician : Clinical Evidence Handbook

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0715/p218.html

AAP Updates Guidelines on Immunoprophylaxis for RSV Infection - Practice Guidelines - ...

Sep 1, 2010 - Although RSV bronchiolitis usually manifests as acute upper respiratory tract infection, more serious disease involving the lower respiratory tract can develop. Preterm infants and those with congenital heart disease (CHD) or chronic lung disease of prematurity (also called ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0901/p542.html

Leg Compression and Pharmacologic Prophylaxis for Venous Thromboembolism Prevention in ...

Feb 1, 2010 - Based on high-quality evidence, the Cochrane review showed that combining IPC with pharmacologic prophylaxis was more effective than a single preventative measure for preventing deep venous thrombosis (DVT), and more effective than IPC alone for preventing pulmonary embolism (PE).

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0201/p284.html

Evidence-Based Initiation of Warfarin (Coumadin) - Point-of-Care Guides - American ...

Feb 15, 2005 - Many physicians continue to use clinical judgment alone as the basis for initiating and adjusting warfarin dosages in patients who require oral anticoagulation. A number of studies have validated approaches to initiation of anticoagulation that provide more rapid anticoagulation with ...

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0215/p763.html

Guidelines Released for Investigation of Potential Contact with Infectious Tuberculosis...

Apr 15, 2006 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the National Tuberculosis Controllers Association (NTCA) have released guidelines for investigation of exposure and transmission of tuberculosis and prevention of future infections through contact investigations.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1460.html

CDC and HICPAC Release Updated Guidelines on the Prevention of Health-Care-Associated ...

Aug 1, 2004 - Recommendations on reducing the incidence of pneumonia and other severe, acute lower respiratory tract infections in acute-care hospitals and in other health care settings have been released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and the Healthcare Infection Control ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p596.html

AAP Releases Policy Statement on the Prevention of RSV Infections - Practice Guidelines...

Feb 15, 2004 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on the revised indications for the use of palivizumab and respiratory syncytial virus immune globulin intravenous (RSV-IGIV) for the prevention of RSV infections.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p993.html

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