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e-Cigarettes More Effective Than Nicotine Replacement for Cessation of Tobacco Use in ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Among adults who smoked a median of 15 cigarettes per day, those who were randomized to receive e-cigarettes were more likely to be abstinent at one year than those who received nicotine replacement (number needed to treat [NNT] = 12).

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p442.html

No Reduction in Delirium with the Use of Haloperidol or Ziprasidone in Critically Ill ...

Apr 1, 2019 - For patients with acute respiratory failure or shock who develop delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU), the use of haloperidol or ziprasidone (Geodon) does not reduce the duration of delirium. This trial was powered to detect at least a two-day difference in the duration of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0401/p460.html

Lorazepam Added to Haloperidol Effective for Agitated Delirium in End-of-Life Cancer ...

Feb 15, 2018 - Using a single dose of lorazepam in combination with haloperidol decreases agitation in end-of-life patients with cancer who had persistent agitated delirium despite scheduled haloperidol. A recent POEM reported that haloperidol increases symptoms of distress in patients with cancer and...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0215/od4.html

Antipsychotics Worsen Symptoms in Patients with Delirium Who Receive Palliative Care - ...

Mar 15, 2017 - For hospitalized patients with acute delirium and symptoms of distress who are receiving palliative care, the use of risperidone (Risperdal) or haloperidol at conservative oral doses worsens symptoms and may shorten overall survival.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0315/od3.html

Sertraline Reduces Risk of Depression in Adults After Traumatic Brain Injury - POEMs - ...

Feb 1, 2017 - This study found that sertraline is more effective than placebo (number needed to treat = 6) in preventing the onset of a major depressive disorder in adults following a TBI. This study included patients with mild, moderate, and severe TBI.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p194.html

Stop Using Antipsychotics to Treat or Prevent Delirium—They Are No Better Than Placebo ...

Aug 15, 2016 - The available data indicate that antipsychotic medications are ineffective in preventing or treating delirium in hospitalized patients. Because there are concerns about falls and extrapyramidal effects with antipsychotics (not reported in this study), we should stop using them.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0815/p318.html

CBT Effective for Chronic Insomnia - POEMs - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2016 - A five-component approach to changing patients' beliefs and behaviors surrounding sleep is effective, at least in the short term, in getting persons to fall asleep and stay asleep, although total sleep time is not increased.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0101/p60.html

Exercise Effective for Depression in Older Patients - POEMs - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2013 - An organized exercise program for older patients, which may include strength training, endurance training, or both, may be helpful for some patients with symptoms of depression. The results will not be striking, but exercise is an option for patients willing to participate.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1215/od2.html

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