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Common Skin Rashes in Children - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2015 - Because childhood rashes may be difficult to differentiate by appearance alone, it is important to consider the entire clinical presentation to help make the appropriate diagnosis. Considerations include the appearance and location of the rash; the clinical course; and associated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p211.html

Diagnosing Common Benign Skin Tumors - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2015 - Patients will experience a wide range of skin growths and changes over their lifetime. Family physicians should be able to distinguish potentially malignant from benign skin tumors. Most lesions can be diagnosed on the basis of history and clinical examination. Lesions that are ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p601.html

Noninfectious Penile Lesions - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2018 - Noninfectious penile lesions are classified by clinical presentation as papulosquamous (e.g., psoriasis), inflammatory (e.g., lichen sclerosus, lichen nitidus, lichen planus), vascular (e.g., angiokeratomas), or neoplastic (e.g., carcinoma in situ, invasive squamous cell carcinoma). ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0115/p102.html

The Generalized Rash: Part I. Differential Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2010 - Physicians often have difficulty diagnosing a generalized rash because many different conditions produce similar rashes, and a single condition can result in different rashes with varied appearances. A rapid and accurate diagnosis is critically important to make treatment decisions, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p726.html

Evaluation of Nail Abnormalities - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2012 - Knowledge of the anatomy and function of the nail apparatus is essential when performing the physical examination. Inspection may reveal localized nail abnormalities that should be treated, or may provide clues to an underlying systemic disease that requires further workup. Excessive ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p779.html

Newborn Skin: Part I. Common Rashes - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2008 - Rashes are extremely common in newborns and can be a significant source of parental concern. Although most rashes are transient and benign, some require additional work-up. Erythema toxicum neonatorum, acne neonatorum, and transient neonatal pustular melanosis are transient ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p47.html

Dermoscopy for the Family Physician - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2013 - Noninvasive in vivo imaging techniques have become an important diagnostic aid for skin cancer detection. Dermoscopy, also known as dermatoscopy, epiluminescence microscopy, incident light microscopy, or skin surface microscopy, has been shown to increase the clinician’s diagnostic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1001/p441.html

Erythema Nodosum: A Sign of Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - Erythema nodosum, a painful disorder of the subcutaneous fat, is the most common type of panniculitis. Generally, it is idiopathic, although the most common identifiable cause is streptococcal pharyngitis. Erythema nodosum may be the first sign of a systemic disease such as ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p695.html

The Generalized Rash: Part II. Diagnostic Approach - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2010 - Although it is important to begin the evaluation of generalized rash with an inclusive differential diagnosis, the possibilities must be narrowed down by taking a focused history and looking for key clinical features of the rash. Part I of this two-part article lists the common, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0315/p735.html

Nail Abnormalities: Clues to Systemic Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2004 - The visual appearance of the fingernails and toenails may suggest an underlying systemic disease. Clubbing of the nails often suggests pulmonary disease or inflammatory bowel disease. Koilonychia, or

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1417.html

Newborn Skin: Part II. Birthmarks - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2008 - Birthmarks in newborns are common sources of parental concern. Although most treatment recommendations are based on expert opinion, limited evidence exists to guide management of these conditions. Large congenital melanocytic nevi require evaluation for removal, whereas smaller nevi may...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p56.html

Recognizing Neoplastic Skin Lesions: A Photo Guide - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 1998 - Malignant lesions of the skin are common. Patients who develop squamous cell carcinoma and malignant melanoma often have recognizable precursor conditions. A few skin lesions resemble malignancies. Lesions that are growing, spreading or pigmented, or those that occur on exposed areas of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0915/p873.html

Differential Diagnosis of Annular Lesions - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2001 - Although most annular lesions will be typical of a dermatophytosis, physicians must consider other possible diagnoses. Tinea corporis can often be diagnosed on the basis of a positive potassium hydroxide examination. Topical and systemic antifungals are usually curative. Pityriasis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p289.html

Punch Biopsy of the Skin - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - Skin biopsy is one of the most important diagnostic tests for skin disorders. Punch biopsy is considered the primary technique for obtaining diagnostic full-thickness skin specimens. It requires basic general surgical and suture-tying skills and is easy to learn. The technique involves ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1155.html

Clinical Diagnosis of Lyme Disease Frequently Misses the "Bull’s Eye" - POEMs - ...

Apr 1, 2018 - For children with suspected Lyme disease but without a classic bull's-eye lesion (erythema migrans of at least 5 cm), check serology rather than rely on your clinical impression. In this study, 12% of the children not suspected of having Lyme disease did have Lyme disease, and 31% of ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/p474.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part I. Diagnostic Approach, Cafe au Lait...

Nov 15, 2003 - The cause of hyperpigmentation usually is traced to the activity and presence of melanocytes. Cafe au lait macules may be solitary benign findings or may indicate the presence of neurofibromatosis with its associated complications. Diffuse hyperpigmentation should prompt a search for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1955.html

Screening for Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Sep 15, 2016 - The USPSTF concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of visual skin examination by a clinician to screen for skin cancer in adults.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0915/p479.html

Diagnosis of Lyme Disease - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2005 - The use of serologic testing and its value in the diagnosis of Lyme disease remain confusing and controversial for physicians, especially concerning persons who are at low risk for the disease. The approach to diagnosing Lyme disease varies depending on the probability of disease (based...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0715/p297.html

Evaluation of Newborns with Preauricular Skin Lesions - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

May 15, 2012 - All newborns should be screened for hearing loss, whether or not they have preauricular skin lesions. Newborns with these anomalies may be at increased risk of hearing impairment.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0515/p993.html

Common Hyperpigmentation Disorders in Adults: Part II. Melanoma, Seborrheic Keratoses, ...

Nov 15, 2003 - Nevi, or moles, are localized nevocytic tumors. The American Cancer Society's ABCD rules are useful for differentiating a benign nevus from malignant melanoma. While acanthosis nigricans may signal an underlying malignancy (e.g., gastrointestinal tumor), it more often is associated with...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p1963.html

Dermal Electrosurgical Shave Excision - American Family Physician

May 1, 2002 - The dermal electrosurgical shave excision is a fast and inexpensive method of removing epidermal and dermal lesions. The procedure is ideally suited for pedunculated lesions raised above the level of the surrounding skin. It consists of repetitive, unidirectional, horizontal slicing of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0501/p1883.html

Fusiform Excision - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Advertisement << Previous article Next article >> Apr 1, 2003 Issue Fusiform Excision THOMAS J. ZUBER, M.D., Saginaw Cooperative Hospital, Saginaw, Michigan Am Fam Physician. 2003 Apr 1;67(7):1539-1544. Patient Information Handout Related Content Abstract Methods and Materials...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1539.html

Prevention and Early Detection of Malignant Melanoma - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - In addressing the problem of malignant melanoma, family physicians should emphasize primary prevention. This includes educating patients about the importance of avoiding excessive sun exposure and preventing sunburns, and advising them about the importance of prompt self-referral for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2277.html

Screening for Skin Cancer - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2010 - Case study: S.B., a healthy 47-year-old woman, comes to your office for a routine check-up. S.B. has fair skin and a history of frequent sun exposure and sunburns when she was in college more than 25 years ago. She has no personal or family history of skin cancer.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1435.html

Screening for Skin Cancer: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Jun 15, 2010 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) concludes that the current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of using a whole-body skin examination by a primary care physician or patient skin self-examination for the early detection of cutaneous ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0615/p1433.html

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