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Acetaminophen (Paracetamol) Minimally Effective for Back Pain and Osteoarthritis - ...

Oct 1, 2015 - Although acetaminophen was hoped to be a safer alternative to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and opioids for the treatment of common musculoskeletal problems, on average it provides only minimal pain relief and improvement in function for patients with low back pain or ...

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1001/p642.html

Acetaminophen for the Treatment of Pain in Newborns - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Aug 1, 2016 - Acetaminophen does not significantly reduce pain associated with heel lance, eye examinations, or assisted vaginal births in newborns. Acetaminophen may reduce the total amount of morphine a newborn needs in the first 48 hours following major abdominal or thoracic surgery.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p216.html

Acupuncture for Pain - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2009 - Acupuncture is increasingly used as an alternative or complementary therapy for the treatment of pain. It is well tolerated, with a low risk of serious adverse effects. Traditional and modern acupuncture techniques may result in reported improvement in pain patterns. Research on ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0901/p481.html

Alpha-adrenergic Agonists for the Management of Opioid Withdrawal - Medicine by the ...

Jan 1, 2017 - Alpha-adrenergic agonists were more efficacious than placebo in the management of opioid withdrawal, but are best reserved as an alternative to methadone.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0101/od1.html

Alternative Interventions for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men -...

Jun 1, 2019 - In men with chronic pelvic pain and urinary dysfunction who have not responded to standard medical management, extracorporeal shock wave therapy reduces symptoms and increases quality of life. Acupuncture may also provide benefit to some patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p677.html

Analgesics for Osteoarthritis - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews - ...

Mar 1, 2013 - What are the comparative effectiveness, benefits, and adverse effects of oral and topical analgesics for osteoarthritis?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0301/p354.html

Antidepressants and Antiepileptic Drugs for Chronic Non-Cancer Pain - American Family ...

Feb 1, 2005 - The development of newer classes of antidepressants and second-generation antiepileptic drugs has created unprecedented opportunities for the treatment of chronic pain. These drugs modulate pain transmission by interacting with specific neurotransmitters and ion channels. The actions of...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p483.html

Antidepressants for the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jun 1, 2006 - Tricyclic antidepressants, particularly amitriptyline, are effective for the treatment of painful diabetic neuropathy and post herpetic neuralgia, and may be beneficial in other neuropathic pain syndromes, but they should be used with caution in patients at increased risk of adverse ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p1933.html

Antipsychotics for Fibromyalgia in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Quetiapine may be considered for a limited period (less than 12 weeks) to improve pain, sleep, and depression in fibromyalgia, while considering the potential for weight gain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/od1.html

Are Opioids Effective in the Treatment of Neuropathic Pain? - Cochrane for Clinicians -...

Apr 1, 2007 - Eight to 60 days of opioid therapy for the treatment of neuropathic pain effectively reduces pain scores as measured by a visual analog scale. A lack of response to opioids in the first 24 hours should not be used to predict whether longer-term opioid therapy might be beneficial. There ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p999.html

Beyond Analgesia in Palliative Care and End-of-Life Interventions - Editorials - ...

Jul 1, 2014 - Family physicians need a basic skill set that includes facilitating discussions on advance planning and goals, identifying and treating depression and anxiety, and managing pain and symptoms at the end of life.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0701/p20.html

Caffeine as an Analgesic Adjuvant for Acute Pain in Adults - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Jan 1, 2013 - Overall, there appears to be a small but clinically significant benefit to adding caffeine to analgesic therapy for various types of acute pain. More research is needed to determine the optimal dosing.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p11.html

Carbamazepine for Acute and Chronic Pain - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

May 1, 2006 - Two small trials have shown carbamazepine to be beneficial in the treatment of diabetic neuropathic pain. Carbamazepine shows similar clinical effect to gabapentin (Neurontin) and phenytoin (Dilantin), but there have been no head-to-head trials directly comparing these drugs. ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0501/p1549.html

Caring for Patients with Job Insecurity Who Are Experiencing Chronic Work-Related Pain ...

Jul 15, 2016 - In addition to providing direct medical care, the physician can help this patient by obtaining an occupational history, formulating hypotheses about the cause of the pain and potential interventions, and establishing a therapeutic relationship.

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0715/p145.html

CDC Develops Guideline for Opioid Prescribing - Practice Guidelines - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2016 - A recently released guideline aims to establish patient-centered approaches to initiating, managing, and discontinuing opioid use. The recommendations from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) emphasize the serious risks and harms associated with opioids.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0615/p1042.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Chronic Neck Pain: Nonpharmacologic Treatment - Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care...

Aug 1, 2019 - Which noninvasive nonpharmacologic treatments for chronic neck pain improve function or pain for at least one month?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p180.html

Chronic Nonmalignant Pain in Primary Care - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2008 - A systematic approach to chronic nonmalignant pain includes a comprehensive evaluation; a treatment plan determined by the diagnosis and mechanisms underlying the pain; patient education; and realistic goal setting. The main goal of treatment is to improve quality of life while ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1115/p1155.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Feb 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2006 - At high dosages, gabapentin is moderately effective for neuropathic pain, although adverse effects are experienced as often as benefit.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0201/p435.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Intravenous lidocaine and oral mexiletine provide a modest reduction in neuropathic pain with no indication of serious adverse effects. However, safety data are limited because most studies were of relatively short duration and fewer than 400 patients have been studied in total for each...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79.html

Cochrane for Clinicians - Jul 1, 2006 - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2006 - Induction of labor in patients with PROM does not increase the rates of cesarean delivery or operative vaginal delivery. Among patients who are induced there is a slightly lower incidence of chorioamnionitis (relative risk [RR] 0.74; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.56 to 0.97) and a ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p79a.html

Complementary and Integrative Treatments for Pain Management in Labor - Cochrane for ...

Feb 1, 2019 - There is evidence that all of the studied interventions have some benefit in labor, but the evidence is of low to very low quality. Massage, thermal interventions (warm and cold packs), relaxation techniques, yoga, and music reduce pain during latent labor, but not during active labor.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0201/p154.html

Controlled-Release Oxycodone for Neuropathic Pain and Fibromyalgia in Adults - Cochrane...

Mar 1, 2015 - Oxycodone CR has limited effectiveness for the treatment of diabetic neuropathy or postherpetic neuralgia. Evidence is lacking regarding treatment benefit for other neuropathic pain syndromes or fibromyalgia. Adverse effects of oxycodone CR therapy are common.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p286.html

Cutting Back on High-Dosage Narcotics - Curbside Consultation - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - Over the past decade, the promotion of narcotics for control of malignant and non-malignant pain has been advocated by specialists in the pain community. While most physicians accept the use of aggressive narcotic analgesia in patients with cancer-related pain, the use of opioids in ...

American Family Physician : Curbside Consultation

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1313.html

Cyclobenzaprine in the Treatment of Low Back Pain - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Feb 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 3 patients experiences global improvement in back pain symptoms at 10 days, while 1 in 4 patients experiences medication adverse effects. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/od2.html

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