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5% Fluorouracil Is the Preferred Treatment for Actinic Keratoses - POEMs - American ...

Aug 15, 2019 - The use of topical 5% fluorouracil is most likely to result in successful elimination of actinic keratoses in a field on the head or face.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0815/p249a.html

Abaloparatide (Tymlos) for Osteoporosis - STEPS - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Abaloparatide is a safe and effective medication used to reduce the likelihood of vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in women at high risk. However, it is expensive and requires daily injections. It has not been evaluated for its effect on decreasing hip fractures.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p260.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness...

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

Acute Hand Infections - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Acute hand infections are often caused by puncture wounds and are generally classified into superficial or deep infections. Superficial infections occur in the skin and subcutaneous tissues, whereas deep infections can involve the tendon sheaths, adjacent anatomic compartments, deep ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p228.html

Addition of Steroids Improves Outcomes in Children and Adults with CAP - POEMs - ...

Jan 1, 2020 - Adding corticosteroid treatment to the management of CAP is beneficial for children and adults. Treatment decreases clinical failures, time in the hospital, and the risk of death in adults with severe pneumonia.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p55.html

Adverse Events of Pharmacologic Treatments of Major Depression in Older Adults - ...

Feb 1, 2020 - What are the adverse events of antidepressants prescribed to treat major depressive disorder in adults 65 years and older?

American Family Physician : Implementing AHRQ Effective Health Care Reviews

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p179.html

Allopurinol Hypersensitivity Assay HLA-B*58:01 Genotyping - Diagnostic Tests: What ...

Nov 1, 2019 - The allopurinol hypersensitivity assay, or HLA-B*58:01 test, is a blood test to detect the presence of a human leukocyte antigen B (HLA-B) genetic variant that increases the risk of life-threatening, severe cutaneous adverse reactions in patients taking allopurinol.

American Family Physician : Diagnostic Tests: What Physicians Need to Know

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/p530.html

Alpha Blockers for Nephrolithiasis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2019 - The alpha blocker tamsulosin (Flomax) can be used to improve clearance of stones larger than 5 mm, shorten expulsion times, and reduce hospitalization.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1201/p710.html

Alternative Interventions for Chronic Prostatitis/Chronic Pelvic Pain Syndrome in Men -...

Jun 1, 2019 - In men with chronic pelvic pain and urinary dysfunction who have not responded to standard medical management, extracorporeal shock wave therapy reduces symptoms and increases quality of life. Acupuncture may also provide benefit to some patients.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p677.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Severe Acute Pancreatitis - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Jan 1, 2019 - No, antibiotic prophylaxis does not decrease mortality in patients with severe acute pancreatitis, defined as pancreatitis associated with pancreatic necrosis.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0101/p49.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Antibiotics for Acute Rhinosinusitis in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Because of the relatively high rate of reported adverse effects and the high likelihood of resolution of symptoms with supportive care and symptomatic management, the authors recommend selective antibiotic use in patients with acute sinusitis. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/od1.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by ...

Feb 1, 2020 - Prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial due to the variety of etiologies. This review examined the use of antibiotics to treat COPD in outpatient, inpatient, and ICU settings. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/od1.html

Antibiotics for Uncomplicated Skin Abscesses After Incision and Drainage: BMJ Rapid ...

Sep 1, 2018 - A collaboration between the BMJ and the MAGIC group led an international panel made up of a variety of health care professionals (e.g., family physicians, internists, dermatologists) and adults with experience treating and living with skin abscesses to create recommendations regarding ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0901/p323.html

Anticoagulation for the Long-term Treatment of VTE in Patients with Cancer - Cochrane ...

Jun 1, 2019 - Low-molecular-weight heparin (LMWH), vitamin K antagonists, and direct oral anticoagulants, when used to prevent recurrent VTE, have a similar impact on all-cause mortality.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p676.html

Anticoagulation: Updated Guidelines for Outpatient Management - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2019 - Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p426.html

Antidepressants Plus Benzodiazepines for Adults with Major Depression - Cochrane for ...

May 1, 2020 - A combination of tricyclic antidepressants and benzodiazepines is more effective for major depression in adults than tricyclic antidepressants alone in the first four weeks of treatment.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0501/p527.html

Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild to Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy - ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Compared with placebo, antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension (defined by the authors as a blood pressure of 140 to 169 mm Hg systolic or 90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic) caused by chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia during pregnancy does ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p403.html

Aromatase Inhibitors Such as Letrozole (Femara) vs. Clomiphene (Clomid) for Subfertile ...

May 1, 2019 - When treated with letrozole, subfertile women with PCOS who are trying to conceive have increased chances of pregnancy (number needed to treat [NNT] = 11) and live birth (NNT = 10) compared with those treated with clomiphene.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p545.html

Asthma: Updated Diagnosis and Management Recommendations from GINA - Practice ...

Jun 15, 2020 - The latest update to the Global Initiative for Asthma (GINA) guidelines includes significant changes to treatment recommendations, especially a recommendation against using a short-acting beta2 agonists such as albuterol as sole therapy.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0615/p762.html

Augmentation of Antidepressant Treatment Offers Little Benefit - POEMs - American ...

Dec 15, 2019 - The available evidence that treatment-resistant depression (depression that is unresponsive to two different treatments of adequate dose and length) responds well to augmentation treatment (i.e., adding psychotherapy, lithium, or aripiprazole [Abilify] to current treatment) is weak.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od3.html

Baloxavir Marboxil (Xofluza) for Influenza - STEPS - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2019 - Single-dose baloxavir should be limited to ill patients who cannot tolerate or comply with a course of oseltamivir. For otherwise healthy adults with confirmed influenza or influenza-like illness, the high cost of baloxavir may not justify the one-day reduction in symptoms of a ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/p776.html

Baloxavir Reduces Symptom Duration Similar to Oseltamivir, Primarily Within 24 Hours of...

Dec 15, 2019 - Baloxavir has similar efficacy to oseltamivir (Tamiflu) (33-hour reduction in duration of symptoms compared with placebo) and, like oseltamivir, is most effective when given within 24 hours of the onset of symptoms.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1215/od4.html

Bartholin Duct Cyst and Gland Abscess: Office Management - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - The Bartholin glands, located in the base of the labia minora, have a role in vaginal lubrication. Because of the presence of other glands, removal of a Bartholin gland does not affect lubrication. Ductal blockage of these typically pea-sized structures can result in enlargement of the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p760.html

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