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Medicine by the numbers

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Refractive Eye Surgery: Helping Patients Make Informed Decisions About LASIK - American...

May 15, 2017 - A variety of refractive surgery techniques, which reshape the corneal stroma using laser energy, have been marketed as simple and safe alternatives to glasses or contact lenses. Laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is the most common of these procedures. Although there are few ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0515/p637.html

Childhood Eye Examination - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2013 - Vision screening in children is an ongoing process, with components that should occur at each well-child visit. The purpose is to detect risk factors and visual abnormalities that necessitate treatment and to identify those patients who require referral to an ophthalmologist skilled in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0815/p241.html

Vision Loss in Older Adults - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2016 - Vision loss affects 37 million Americans older than 50 years and one in four who are older than 80 years. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity in adults...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0801/p219.html

The Visually Impaired Patient - American Family Physician

May 15, 2008 - Blindness or low vision affects more than 3 million Americans 40 years and older, and this number is projected to reach 5.5 million by 2020. In addition to treating a patient's vision loss and comorbid medical issues, physicians must be aware of the physical limitations and social ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0515/p1431.html

Ocular Manifestations of Autoimmune Disease - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2002 - Rheumatoid arthritis, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis, Sjögren's syndrome, the seronegative spondyloarthropathies, systemic lupus erythematosus, multiple sclerosis, giant cell arteritis, and Graves' disease are autoimmune disorders commonly encountered by family physicians. These ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0915/p991.html

Ocular Emergencies - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2007 - Prompt recognition and appropriate treatment of ocular emergencies are essential in the primary care setting when the outcome may depend on timely management. All ocular emergencies, including a penetrating globe injury, retinal detachment, central retinal artery occlusion, acute ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0915/p829.html

Vision Loss in Older Persons - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2009 - Family physicians have an essential role in assessing, identifying, treating, and preventing or delaying vision loss in the aging population. Approximately one in 28 U.S. adults older than 40 years is visually impaired. Vision loss is associated with depression, social isolation, falls,...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0601/p963.html

Retinoblastoma - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2006 - Retinoblastoma, a neuroblastic tumor, is the most common primary intraocular malignancy of childhood. Patients usually present with leukokoria (white reflex or white pupil), detected in primary care. The mean age at diagnosis is 12 months for bilateral tumors and 24 months for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0315/p1039.html

Open-Angle Glaucoma - American Family Physician

May 1, 2003 - Glaucoma is the second most common cause of legal blindness in the United States. Open-angle glaucoma is an asymptomatic, progressive optic neuropathy characterized by enlarging optic disc cupping and visual field loss. Patients at increased risk for open-angle glaucoma include blacks ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1937.html

Prevention and Treatment of Common Eye Injuries in Sports - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2003 - Sports have become increasingly popular and account for numerous eye injuries each year. The sports that most commonly cause eye injuries, in order of decreasing frequency, are basketball, water sports, baseball, and racquet sports. Sports are classified as low risk, high risk, and very...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0401/p1481.html

Topical Therapies for Glaucoma: What Family Physicians Need to Know - American Family ...

Apr 1, 1999 - Medication classes historically used in the management of glaucoma include beta blockers, miotics, sympathomimetics and carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Because topically applied medications are more site specific, they are preferred in the treatment of glaucoma. Compared with oral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1871.html

Screening for Glaucoma - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2014 - A 55-year-old black woman presents to your office for a routine well-woman examination. Her medical history is significant for hypertension, which is well controlled with medication. She mentions that her mother was diagnosed with glaucoma a few years ago and is currently undergoing ...

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1015/p569.html

Overview of Refractive Surgery - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2001 - Patients with myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism can now reduce or eliminate their dependence on contact lenses and eyeglasses through refractive surgery that includes radial keratotomy (RK), photorefractive keratectomy (PRK), laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK), laser thermal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1001/p1183.html

Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Update for Primary Care - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - Age-related macular degeneration is the leading cause of severe vision loss among the elderly. In this condition, central vision is lost, but peripheral vision almost always remains intact. Affected persons rarely require canes or guide dogs. The diagnosis of age-related macular ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3035.html

AAP Releases Policy Statement on Eye Examinations - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Oct 15, 2003 - The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) has released a policy statement on eye examinations in infants, children, and young adults. The report focuses on the importance of early detection and prompt treatment of ocular disorders in children to avoid permanent visual impairment.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1664.html

Should We Prescribe Antibiotics for Acute Conjunctivitis? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Nov 1, 2002 - This review indicates that even in high-risk patients with bacterial conjunctivitis, there is only a small benefit of treatment with antibiotics. Furthermore, most cases (64 percent) resolve spontaneously, and complications are rare. Therefore, it is reasonable to avoid antibiotic use ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1649.html

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