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Medicine by the numbers

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What are Probiotics? - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2017 - ...in our gastrointestinal (GI) tract eat too. Sometimes, the numbers of good organisms can get low (for example, if you have diarrhea or if you take antibiotics). When this happens, taking probiotics may help increase the number of good organisms in your GI tract. Which GI conditions...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/p170-s1.html

How to Lower Your Blood Pressure Without Medicines - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - ...How to Lower Your Blood Pressure Without Medicines Am Fam Physician. 2015 Jun 1;91(11):online. See related article on hypertension There are many things you can do to lower your blood pressure if you do not want to take medicines. Eat a diet high in vegetables, fruits, and whole...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p772-s1.html

Genital Herpes: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2016 - ...you should see your doctor for testing and medicine. How is it treated? Genital herpes cannot be cured, but outbreaks can be treated. Your doctor can give you medicines to make the sores go away more quickly and to reduce the number of outbreaks. When you have herpes sores, you...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p928-s1.html

Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2015 - ...SIDS is when a baby who seems healthy dies while sleeping. It's the number one cause of death in babies between one month and one year of age. What causes it? No one knows exactly. It might be caused by a problem in the part of the brain that controls breathing and waking up....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p778-s1.html

Cognitive Behavior Therapy - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2015 - ...think about certain things. It can also help you change behaviors that may be unhelpful or unhealthy. CBT works as well as or better than medicine to treat certain psychological problems. Who can benefit from CBT? CBT can help you if you are anxious or depressed, if you have trouble...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p807-s1.html

Safety and Effectiveness of New Medicines - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2010 - ...Safety and Effectiveness of New Medicines Am Fam Physician. 2010 Jul 1;82(1):58. See related article on the safety and effectiveness of new drugs How can I help my doctor choose a medicine for me? There is a tool called the STEPS mnemonic. It stands for Safety, Tolerability,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0701/p58.html

Infertility: What Women Should Know - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2015 - ...Both partners should be tested. Men give a semen sample to test the quality and number of sperm. Women have tests based on their history and exam. You may need hormone tests to see if you are ovulating (releasing eggs from your ovary). You may need tests to look for blockages in...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0301/p308-s1.html

Cluster Headache - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2013 - ...smoke, nitroglycerin (a medicine for certain heart conditions), or things you may be allergic to. Once symptoms start, oxygen therapy or prescription medicines are the best treatments. Your doctor may also prescribe medicines that can reduce the number of headaches. What can I do to...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/p122-s1.html

Common Conditions in Skin of Color - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2013 - ...on the face, but also can be on the chest and back. Men and women can get these bumps. They may appear in early adulthood and increase in number over time. The cause of dermatosis papulosa nigra is not known, but if a member of your family has it, you are more likely to get it. You...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0615/p850-s1.html

Urethritis in Men - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - ...exactly when taking antibiotics. This may mean avoiding certain foods and drinks, like dairy products and alcohol, or not taking certain medicines or vitamins. Make sure to finish all of your pills even if you feel okay, unless your doctor tells you to stop. If you do not have an...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p879.html

Tips for Using Medicines Wisely - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2007 - ...Tips for Using Medicines Wisely Am Fam Physician. 2007 Jan 15;75(2):239-240. See related article on appropriately prescribing medications. Medicines can be lifesavers. They can cure or control diseases. But if you use them the wrong way, they can be dangerous. Working together...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0115/p239.html

Constipation - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2010 - ...A number of things can affect this process. These include older age, not drinking enough fluids, not being active enough, not eating enough fiber, taking certain medicines (such as narcotics), not going to the bathroom when you have the urge to have a bowel movement, and overuse of...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1215/p1440.html

Hepatitis C - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2010 - ...illegal drugs, talk to your doctor. He or she can help you decide if you should be tested. If you or someone in your home uses injectable medicines, such as insulin, handle needles carefully and dispose of them in appropriate containers. Do not share toothbrushes, razors, nail...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0601/p1359.html

Weight Control: The Power of Healthy Choices - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2006 - ...Taking medicine that makes you feel hungry Having health problems that slow your metabolism (how fast your body burns calories) Why is physical activity so important? Physical activity builds muscle, so even if you don’t lose weight, you will look and feel better if you are more...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1215/p2099.html

Accidental Childhood Poisonings - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2009 - ...and medicines out of your child's reach. Many adult medicines can hurt or kill a child, even when taken in small amounts. Don't take your medicine in front of young children because they may want to copy you. Also, you should never call medicine candy. How should I store my...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0301/p397-s1.html

What Should I Know About Genital Herpes? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - ...Yes, several medicines are used to treat HSV infection. Acyclovir (brand name: Zovirax), famciclovir (brand name: Famvir) and valacyclovir (brand name: Valtrex) are all used for genital herpes. Your doctor can prescribe one of these medicines for you. They don't have many side...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1708.html

Hypertension: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

May 1, 2008 - ...has two numbers. The systolic (siss-TALL-ick) number is on the top and the diastolic (DIE-eh-stall-ick) number is on the bottom. If your blood pressure is 120/80 mm Hg, your systolic blood pressure is 120 and your diastolic is 80. Normal blood pressure is when the top number is less...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1289.html

Prenatal Genetic Screening Tests - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2009 - ...see if your baby is at risk of a genetic disorder, such as Down syndrome. Genetic disorders happen when your baby does not have the normal number of chromosomes, which contain the baby’s genes, or when there are problems with the brain or spine. Not all pregnant women have these...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0115/p124.html

Ovarian Cancer - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2009 - ...There are no medicines or lifestyle changes to prevent ovarian cancer. Taking birth control pills and eating a low-fat diet may lower your risk. Early menopause and an increased number of childbirths may also lower your risk. If you have a gene that is linked to ovarian cancer and...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0915/p609-s1.html

Tobacco Use: What Teenagers Should Know - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2008 - ...at their office or in your community. Your doctor may prescribe medicine that can help you quit. Your school may have a program that can help you stop smoking. There are also several Web sites and toll-free telephone numbers where you can get help: National Network of Tobacco...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0215/p491.html

Genital Herpes: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - ...be cured, but there are ways to treat outbreaks. Your doctor can give you medicines that make the sores go away more quickly than they would on their own. These medicines can also help reduce the number of outbreaks you get. When you have herpes sores, you should wear loose clothing...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1541.html

Psoriasis: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - ...that causes thick red or silvery spots that look like scales to form on your skin. The scaling is probably the result of an increase in the number of skin cells. Sometimes pus-filled blisters form. Most of the time, the skin on the elbows and knees is affected, but psoriasis can...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p715.html

Practical Tips for Preventing a Sickle Cell Crisis - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - ...You might be able to treat your pain crisis at home with medicines that you take by mouth. If these medicines don't control your pain, you can't keep fluids down or you know that you're having severe pain, you might need to be treated in the emergency department. If your pain still...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1363.html

Normocytic Anemia - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2000 - ...Normocytic anemia is a blood problem. It means you have normal-sized red blood cells, but you have a low number of them. The presence of normal-sized red blood cells tells your doctor that you have normocytic anemia rather than another kind of anemia. For example, when anemia is...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1115/p2264.html

High Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - ...What do the numbers mean? Blood pressure is measured by two numbers. The first number is called the systolic pressure (say: sis-tall-ik). This is your blood pressure when your heart is squeezing blood out. The second number is called the diastolic pressure (say: die-uh-stall-ik)....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1542.html

Health Tips for Air Travel - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...medicine before you get on the plane. What about taking my medicines? Be sure to put enough of all of your medicines in your carry-on luggage. If your eating and sleeping times will change on your trip, ask your doctor if you should change your dosages. Bring enough medicine to last...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1807.html

Ulcers and Helicobacter pylori Infection - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2003 - ...medicines can be used to treat ulcers. All of them do a good job of healing ulcers. Your doctor can tell you which one is right for you. You should take the medicine just as your doctor tells you to. The first kind of medicine reduces the amount of acid your stomach makes. This...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1115/p2028.html

Cluster Headaches: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2005 - ...medicines. He or she can help pick the right treatment for you and set up times for you to take your medicines. Your doctor will probably want you to take two medicines. One medicine is taken during a cluster period to reduce the number of headaches. The second medicine is taken to...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1821.html

Constipation: What You Should Know - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2005 - ...Constipation can be caused by changes in diet, by not enough exercise, and by some medicines and illnesses. How can I tell if I have constipation? If you are constipated, you may have bowel movements fewer than three times a week and have hard, dry stools. You may also feel the need...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2285.html

Blood Pressure Monitors - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - ...show you and your doctor how much your blood pressure changes during the day. Your doctor can use the measurements to see how well your medicine is keeping your blood pressure low. What do I need to measure my blood pressure? There are two kinds of monitors you can use to measure...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1547.html

What Should I Know About Cholesterol? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2005 - ...Heart attacks and strokes are the number one cause of death in the United States. Having high cholesterol levels puts you at greater risk for having a heart attack or stroke. Your risk also is higher if you: Smoke Do not exercise Are a man older than 45 years or a woman older than...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0315/p1147.html

Allergy Shots: What You Need to Know - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - ...to increase your immunity (resistance) to the allergens, and to reduce your allergy symptoms. When this happens, you can take less allergy medicine. Who benefits from allergy shots? Allergy shots may help you if you have problems with allergies, such as: Itchy, runny, or stuffy...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p703.html

Vaginal Yeast Infections - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - ...Vaginal yeast infections usually are caused by tiny yeast organisms that normally live in small numbers on your skin and inside your vagina. The acidity of the vagina helps keep the yeast from growing. If the vagina becomes less acidic, too many yeast can grow. This causes a vaginal...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2189.html

Vaginitis - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2004 - ...a drugstore. You use the cream or suppository for 3 to 7 nights. A yeast infection also gets better when it is treated with one tablet of a medicine that your doctor can prescribe. Your sex partner does not need to be treated. Based on symptoms alone, it is hard for a woman to tell...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1201/p2139.html

Constipation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2005 - ...A number of things can affect this process. These include not drinking enough fluids, not being active enough, not eating enough fiber, taking certain medicines, not going to the bathroom when you have the urge to have a bowel movement, and regularly using laxatives. Any of these...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0201/p539.html

Polycythemia Vera - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - ...a phlebotomy (say: fluh-bot-oh-mee). In this treatment, some of your blood is withdrawn to help keep the number of red blood cells down. Treatment also may include several medicines that keep the bone marrow from making too many cells. Doctors also will try to treat the itchy skin...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2146.html

Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2004 - ...or a week. Because acute bronchitis usually is caused by a virus, antibiotics (medicines that kill bacteria) probably won't help you get better any faster. If you smoke, you should cut down on the number of cigarettes you smoke or stop smoking altogether. This will help your...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p387.html

Acute Bronchitis: What You Need to Know - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1998 - ...(medicines that kill bacteria) are not helpful. Even when the mucus you cough up is colored or thick, antibiotics probably won't help you get better any faster. For some people with acute bronchitis, doctors prescribe medicines that are used to treat asthma. These medicines help...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0315/p1281.html

Emergency Birth Control - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2004 - ...sooner you take it, the better it works. You take the second dose 12 hours later. Your doctor may tell you about other ways of taking this medicine. Two brands of pills have been made just for emergency birth control. The pill called Preven contains the hormones estrogen and...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p717.html

Psoriasis - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...) is a skin problem that causes thick red marks like scales on your skin. The thick scaling is probably caused by an increase in the number of skin cells. Sometimes pus-filled blisters form. Most of the time, the skin on the elbows and knees is affected, but psoriasis can occur...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1606.html

Strokes and TIAs. - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2004 - ...be done. You may be given some medicines at the hospital. What will I need to do next? Your family doctor will work with you to lower your risk of having strokes. You might need to change your diet, increase your physical activity, and take medicine to lower your blood pressure. If...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1679.html

Acute Bronchitis - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2003 - ...or a week. Because acute bronchitis is usually caused by a virus, antibiotics (medicines that kill bacteria) probably won't help you get better any faster. If you smoke, you should cut down on the number of cigarettes you smoke or stop smoking altogether. This will help your...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0215/p805.html

Using an Ambulatory Blood Pressure Monitor - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - ...Blood pressure is recorded as two numbers separated by a slash, like 120/80. The first number is the systolic pressure; it is the force when the heart pumps. The second number is the diastolic pressure; it is the force when the heart relaxes.(Say the words this way: sis-tol-ik, and...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2353.html

Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2004 - ...you are going through withdrawal so he or she can make sure it does not lead to more serious health problems. If you go through withdrawal a number of times, your symptoms may get worse each time. So even if your withdrawal symptoms do not seem bad this time, it is important to tell...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0315/p1500.html

Tinnitus - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2004 - ...Tinnitus can be caused by an injury to the ear, ear infections, a build-up of wax in the ear, or a number of other ear problems. People who spent a lot of time hearing loud noises like those from construction tools, music, crowds of people, or gun shots might have tinnitus. Tinnitus...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0101/p127.html

Kidney Failure - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2003 - ...with chronic kidney failure need to take medicines, and many need dialysis. Some people with kidney failure are very sick and need to be in the hospital. About 10 percent of the time, it is because of a severe allergic reaction to medicines. This is called interstitial nephritis...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0615/p2539.html

What Should I Know About Migraines? - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - ...may try to reduce the number of headaches you have. This is called preventive treatment. Another kind of treatment stops a headache when it starts, so it doesn't get really bad. This is called pain-control treatment. Some people with migraines have to take medicine every day to...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2140.html

Seborrheic Dermatitis - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...puberty. Or the cause might be a fungus, called Pityrosporum ovale. This organism is normally present on the skin in small numbers, but sometimes its numbers increase, resulting in skin problems. How is seborrheic dermatitis treated? The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis depends on...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1611.html

Hair Loss in Women - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - ...such as from an illness or surgery. Some women have hair loss after pregnancy. Also, many medicines can cause hair loss. In people who have telogen effluvium, a larger than normal number of hair follicles (roots) become inactive. Then the hairs growing from these follicles fall out....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1017.html

How to Lower Your Cholesterol Level if You Are a Woman - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2002 - ...Heart disease is a disease of the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle. It is the number one killer of American women. The build-up of cholesterol (say: ko-less-tur-all) in the arteries of the heart is an important risk factor for heart disease. Kinds of Cholesterol There...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217-s2.html

Memory Loss - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2003 - ...Talk to your family doctor about any concerns you have. Your doctor may be able to help you if your memory problems are caused by a medicine you are taking or by depression. How does Alzheimer's disease change memory? Alzheimer's disease starts by changing the recent memory. At...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0301/p1047.html

Toxoplasmosis - American Family Physician

May 15, 2003 - ...your eyes and brain. Your immune system can become weak for a number of reasons. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection leading to AIDS can weaken the immune system. So can some kinds of cancer chemotherapy or medicines that are taken after an organ transplant. Babies with...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0515/p2145.html

Preventing HIV Infection in Your Baby - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...Start taking or keep taking antiviral medicines during your pregnancy. These medicines can lower the amount of HIV (the viral load) in your body. Work closely with your doctor to keep your baby from being born early. Your doctor may also want you to have a cesarean delivery (also...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2061.html

Failure to Thrive: Why Is My Child Underweight? - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2003 - ...is treated two ways. The first way is to treat the problem that is causing your child to be underweight. The second way is to increase the number of calories your child is eating. Infants who are breastfed can be given extra formula with breast milk. Bottle-fed babies may need to...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0901/p886.html

Cholesterol - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2003 - ...You can do a number of things to improve your cholesterol level. Eating healthy foods can help lower your LDL cholesterol level. You can lower your health risk by quitting smoking if you smoke, losing weight if you are overweight and exercising regularly. Total Cholesterol Levels...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0415/p1775.html

Tension Headaches - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2002 - ...These are brought on by overusing headache medicines. If you use a pain reliever for your headaches more than two times a week, you may get rebound headaches. Chronic daily headaches can also occur in people with migraine who use pain medicine often. What can I do about my tension...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0901/p805.html

High Blood Pressure and Exercise - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - ...Your blood pressure is high if the pressure reading is above 140/90 mm Hg. The first number (140) is the systolic pressure, and the second number (90) is the diastolic pressure. Systolic pressure is the amount of pressure when the heart pumps blood into the arteries. Diastolic...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p457.html

Diabetes and Heart Disease - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2003 - ...your ABC numbers are and what you can do to reach your target ABC numbers. Exercise every day. Eat less fat and salt. Eat more fiber: whole grains, fruits, vegetables, and beans. Stay at a healthy weight. If you smoke, ask your doctor to help you stop. Take the medicines your doctor...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1015/p1577.html

Allergy Testing - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2002 - ...In the second kind of skin test, the testing fluid is injected into your skin (like a shot). This test is used to check for allergy to medicines (most often penicillin) and bee-sting allergy. The third kind of skin test is called a patch test. A small patch of material soaked in...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0815/p626.html

Jet Lag - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2002 - ...Jet lag includes a number of symptoms. After eastward flights, you might have trouble falling asleep at the new bedtime. After westward flights, you might wake up too early in the morning. These sleep problems can cause fatigue, irritability, difficulty concentrating, clumsiness,...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1201/p2094.html

Pain Relief After Surgery - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - ...and the patient is a key member of the team. This team also includes nurses, the surgeon, an anesthesiologist (a doctor who will give you medicine to make you sleep during your surgery) and your family doctor. The first job of this team is to tell you what to expect before, during...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p1985.html

Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine: What a Parent Needs to Know - American Family Physician

May 15, 2001 - ...to person through close contact. Pneumococcal infections can be hard to treat because the disease has become resistant to some of the medicines that have been used to treat it. This makes preventing the disease even more important. Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine can prevent...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0515/p2003.html

Plasma Viral Load Testing in HIV - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - ...health problems caused by HIV infection. A PVL test helps your doctor decide if it is time for you to start taking medicines for HIV or to change to different medicines. Three different PVL tests are used: The polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test The branched-chain DNA (bDNA) test...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p495.html

Help for Plantar Fasciitis - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - ...floor and four toes in the air, toe to the floor (Picture 4). Next you will change the order and tap the outside four toes to the floor a number of times while keeping the big toe in the air. Start with 10 taps and work up to 50 taps per session. View/Print Figure PICTURE 4. PICTURE...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p477.html

Treatment Options for Type 2 Diabetes—What's Available? - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - ...are overweight, losing weight will lower your blood sugar level and make you feel better. If diet and exercise do not help, there are some medicines (pills and insulin shots) that your doctor can prescribe. Remember that treatment for type 2 diabetes is not the same for every...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1759.html

What Can I Do About Genital Herpes? - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - ...Limit the number of sexual partners you have in your lifetime. Make sure that you and your sexual partner use condoms every time you have sex. If I already have herpes, how can I keep from giving it to someone else? You can do several things to keep from spreading genital herpes:...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1705.html

Outdoor Air Pollution: Possible Health Effects - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2001 - ...Air pollution is a large number of gases, droplets and particles that reduce the quality of the air. Air can be polluted in the city and the country. In the city, air pollution may be caused by cars, buses and airplanes, as well as industry and construction. Air pollution in the...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0315/p1221.html

Earaches in Children - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2001 - ...an antibiotic. (Antibiotics don't work for infections caused by viruses.) It's important to follow the directions for giving your child the medicine. Pain relievers like acetaminophen (Children's or Infants' Tylenol) and ibuprofen (Children's Advil or Children's Motrin) can help...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0215/p771.html

Parkinson's Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 1999 - ...Parkinson's disease may have a number of causes. It may be inherited, or it might be caused by chemicals in the environment. How serious is Parkinson's disease? Most people who have Parkinson's disease can keep living a productive life. Some people have more problems than others....

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0415/p2169.html

How to Lower Your Risk of Heart Disease if You Are a Woman - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2002 - ...Heart disease is a disease of the arteries that bring blood to the heart muscle. It is the number one killer of American women. Risk Factors for Heart Disease You can't do anything about some risk factors for heart disease. For example, you are at higher risk if: You are 55 years...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p217-s1.html

Snoring, Obstructive Sleep Apnea and High Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2002 - ...or small sensors connected to your body. They will record different physiologic measures during sleep. Your snoring will be evaluated. The number of apneas will be counted. Doctors will be able to tell how severe your condition is. What conditions can cause snoring and OSA to become...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p229-s1.html

Osteosarcoma - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - ...Osteosarcoma is treated with chemotherapy and surgery. For chemotherapy, your child will be given medicines that kill the main tumor and any tumor cells that have traveled to other parts of the body. Your child will have chemotherapy for about 9 to 12 months. This treatment is...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1135.html

Endometriosis - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 1999 - ...and putting a thin tube inside. You would be given medicine so you wouldn't feel any pain. Can anything treat endometriosis? A number of medicines might help with your pain. Sometimes it helps to take birth control pills. Another medicine that might help is a long-acting progestin...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1015/p1767.html

Living with Hypertension - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 1998 - ...You can only tell you have hypertension by measuring your blood pressure. If the high (systolic) number is 140 or more and/or the low (diastolic) number is 90 or more, your blood pressure is considered high. You should see your doctor. Sometimes, hypertension can cause symptoms like...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0301/p1019.html

Tips on Safe Air Travel - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 1999 - ...Carry enough of all of your medicines in your carry-on luggage. Ask your doctor if you should change your dosages if your eating and sleeping times will change at your destination. Bring enough medicine to last your whole trip. Take extra medicine with you in case your return trip...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0901/p810.html

Depression - You Don't Have to Feel This Way - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - ...families). Depression can be linked to events in your life, such as the death of someone you love, a divorce or a job loss. Taking certain medicines, abusing drugs or alcohol, or having other illnesses or diseases can also lead to depression. Depression isn't caused by personal...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1523.html

How to Stop Smoking - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2002 - ...Talk to your doctor about using a prescription medicine like bupropion (brand name: Zyban) to reduce your urge to smoke. If you decide to use a medicine, start taking it two weeks before your quit day. Talk with your doctor about when you smoke. For example, you may smoke first...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0315/p1117.html

When You Can't Sleep - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 1999 - ...As you get older, it's normal for the total number of hours you sleep each night to go down. Instead of sleeping eight or 10 hours a night, you may find yourself sleeping only six or seven hours a night when you get older. Also, older persons have less deep sleep and are more likely...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1441.html

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: What It Is and How to Treat It - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2000 - ...Constantly thinking about certain sounds, images, words or numbers A constant need for reassurance What are some common compulsions? These are some common compulsions: Cleaning and grooming rituals, such as excessive hand-washing, showering and tooth-brushing Checking rituals...

American Family Physician : Patient Handout

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1529.html

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