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Pelvic Inflammatory Disease: Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention - American Family ...

Sep 15, 2019 - Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper genital tract occurring predominantly in sexually active young women. Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are common causes; however, other cervical, enteric, bacterial vaginosis–associated, and respiratory ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0915/p357.html

Diagnosis and Management of Genital Ulcers - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2012 - Herpes simplex virus infection and syphilis are the most common causes of genital ulcers in the United States. Other infectious causes include chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, granuloma inguinale (donovanosis), secondary bacterial infections, and fungi. Noninfectious etiologies, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0201/p254.html

Genital Herpes: A Review - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2016 - Genital herpes is a common sexually transmitted disease, affecting more than 400 million persons worldwide. It is caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV) and characterized by lifelong infection and periodic reactivation. A visible outbreak consists of single or clustered vesicles on the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/p928.html

Diagnosis and Treatment of Urethritis in Men - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - Symptoms of urethritis in men typically include urethral discharge, penile itching or tingling, and dysuria. A diagnosis can be made if at least one of the following is present: discharge, a positive result on a leukocyte esterase test in firstvoid urine, or at least 10 white blood ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p873.html

Management of External Genital Warts - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2014 - Genital warts affect 1% of the sexually active U.S. population and are commonly seen in primary care. Human papillomavirus types 6 and 11 are responsible for most genital warts. Warts vary from small, flat-topped papules to large, cauliflower-like lesions on the anogenital mucosa and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0901/p312.html

Chlamydia Trachomatis Infections: Screening, Diagnosis, and Management - American ...

Dec 15, 2012 - Chlamydia trachomatis is a gram-negative bacterium that infects the columnar epithelium of the cervix, urethra, and rectum, as well as nongenital sites such as the lungs and eyes. The bacterium is the cause of the most frequently reported sexually transmitted disease in the United ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1215/p1127.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gonococcal Infections - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2012 - Neisseria gonorrhoeae causes urogenital, anorectal, conjunctival, and pharyngeal infections. Urogenital tract infections are most common. Men with gonorrhea may present with penile discharge and dysuria, whereas women may present with mucopurulent discharge or pelvic pain; however, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1115/p931.html

Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2012 - Pelvic inflammatory disease is a polymicrobial infection of the upper genital tract. It primarily affects young, sexually active women. The diagnosis is made clinically; no single test or study is sensitive or specific enough for a definitive diagnosis. Pelvic inflammatory disease ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p791.html

Management of Genital Warts - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2004 - Genital warts caused by human papillomavirus infection are encountered commonly in primary care. Evidence guiding treatment selection is limited, but treatment guidelines recently have changed. Biopsy, viral typing, acetowhite staining, and other diagnostic measures are not routinely ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1215/p2335.html

Genital Herpes: A Review - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2005 - Genital herpes simplex virus infection is a recurrent, lifelong disease with no cure. The strongest predictor for infection is a person's number of lifetime sex partners. The natural history includes first-episode mucocutaneous infection, establishment of latency in the dorsal root ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1527.html

Diagnosis and Management of Syphilis - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2003 - Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease with varied and often subtle clinical manifestations. Primary syphilis typically presents as a solitary, painless chancre, whereas secondary syphilis can have a wide variety of symptoms, especially fever, lymphadenopathy, rash, and genital or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0715/p283.html

Screening and Treatment for Sexually Transmitted Infections in Pregnancy - American ...

Jul 15, 2007 - Many sexually transmitted infections are associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends screening all pregnant women for human immunodeficiency virus infection as early as possible. Treatment with highly active antiretroviral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p265.html

Drug Treatment of Common STDs: Part I. Herpes, Syphilis, Urethritis, Chlamydia and ...

Oct 1, 1999 - In 1998, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention released guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. Several treatment advances have been made since the previous guidelines were published. Part I of this two-part article describes current recommendations for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1387.html

Update on the Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases - American ...

May 1, 2003 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently published updated guidelines that provide new strategies for the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Patient education is the first important step in reducing the number of persons who engage in ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0501/p1915.html

The Challenge of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2006 - Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the upper genital tract in women that can include endometritis, parametritis, salpingitis, oophoritis, tubo-ovarian abscess, and peritonitis. The spectrum of disease ranges from subclinical, asymptomatic infection to severe, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0301/p859.html

Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseases: An Update - American Family ...

Dec 15, 2007 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recently published revised guidelines for the prevention and treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. One new treatment strategy is the use of azithromycin as a primary, rather than alternative, medication for pregnant women with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1215/p1827.html

Screening for Syphilis Infection in Nonpregnant Adults and Adolescents - Putting ...

Sep 15, 2017 - R.J. is a 27-year-old man who presents for a well-patient visit. He always keeps his appointments and likes to make sure he is healthy. R.J. has started a new relationship and asks if he should be screened for syphilis.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p393.html

Update on the Prevention and Treatment of Sexually Transmitted Diseasess - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention updated its guidelines for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases. The guidelines include the following information: recommendations for hepatitis A immunization and expanded indications for hepatitis B vaccination; updated ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p379.html

Genitourinary Infections and Their Association with Preterm Labor - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2002 - Genitourinary tract infections are one cause of preterm delivery. Prematurity is one of the leading causes of perinatal mortality in the United States. Uterine contractions may be induced by cytokines and prostaglandins, which are released by microorganisms. Asymptomatic bacteriuria, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0115/p241.html

Hepatitis C: Part I. Routine Serologic Testing and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - Hepatitis C, which is caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV), is a major public health problem in the United States. HCV is most efficiently transmitted through large or repeated percutaneous exposures to blood. Most patients with acute HCV infection develop persistent infection, and 70 ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p79.html

The CDC and USPSTF Recommendations for HIV Testing - Editorials - American Family ...

Nov 15, 2007 - ...JONATHAN E. RODNICK, MD, University of California, San Francisco, School of Medicine San Francisco, California Am Fam Physician. 2007 Nov 15;76(10):1456-1459. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released new recommendations in 2006 for human immunodeficiency virus...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1456.html

Quadrivalent HPV Recombinant Vaccine (Gardasil) for the Prevention of Cervical Cancer -...

Aug 15, 2007 - The HPV vaccine is safe and effective in preventing genital warts and cervical changes that may lead to cervical cancer, and it is recommended as part of the vaccination series in females 11 to 12 years of age. It can be given to females as young as 9 or 10 years of age, and catch-up ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0815/p573.html

Screening for Chlamydial Infection: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services...

Dec 1, 2007 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for chlamydial infection and the supporting scientific evidence.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1201/p1695.html

Screening for Gonorrhea: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force...

Nov 1, 2005 - The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommends that physicians screen all sexually active women, including those who are pregnant, for gonorrhea if they are at increased risk for the infection (i.e., if they are young or have other individual or population risk factors; see...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1783.html

Screening for HIV: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task Force - ...

Dec 1, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive ...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1201/p2287.html

Screening for Genital Herpes: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services Task ...

Oct 15, 2005 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for genital herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection and the supporting scientific evidence and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, 2d...

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1015/p1557.html

Effectiveness of Condoms in Reducing Heterosexual Transmission of HIV - Cochrane for ...

Oct 1, 2004 - Evidence indicates that male condoms reduce the risk of heterosexual HIV transmission by 80 percent.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1268.html

Screening for Syphilis Infection: Recommendation Statement - U.S. Preventive Services ...

Nov 15, 2004 - This statement summarizes the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for syphilis and the supporting scientific evidence, and updates the 1996 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1115/p1959.html

Antiviral Agents for Pregnant Women with Genital Herpes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Nov 1, 2005 - There is no evidence that the use of antiviral agents in women who are pregnant and have a history of genital herpes prevents perinatal transmission of herpes simplex virus (HSV) to neonates.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1807.html

HPV Vaccine: A Cornerstone of Female Health - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2007 - ...JONATHAN L. TEMTE, M.D., PH.D., University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health Madison, Wisconsin Am Fam Physician. 2007 Jan 1;75(1):28-30. Related Article A medical intervention that is a true preventive tool and a good reason for anticipatory guidance and education...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0101/p28.html

Screening for Chlamydial Infection: Recommendations and Rationale - U.S. Preventive ...

Feb 15, 2002 - This statement summarizes the current U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendations on screening for chlamydial infection and the supporting scientific evidence, and it updates the 1995 recommendations contained in the Guide to Clinical Preventive Services, second edition.

American Family Physician : U.S. Preventive Services Task Force

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0215/p673.html

Screening for Chlamydial Infection - Putting Prevention into Practice - American Family...

Jul 1, 2002 - Case study: TC is a 24-year-old woman who comes to your office for a well-woman visit. Her last physical examination was at age 16 with her pediatrician. She has been sexually active since the age of 15 and has had three lifetime partners.

American Family Physician : Putting Prevention into Practice

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0701/p139.html

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