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Medicine by the numbers

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Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2013 - ...The Study: Participants were recruited from general internal medicine clinics in the Chicago area between November 2007 and December 2010. Patients 18 years or older who met the criteria for major depressive disorder, could speak and read English, and were able to participate in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0101/p56.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2012 - ...studied the resolution or improvement of symptoms at days 14 to 21, intranasal steroids had a significant but modest clinical benefit with a number needed to treat (NNT) of 13. Because of the heterogeneity among RCTs, a subgroup analysis on outcome timing and dosage was performed....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1001/p680.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...Reference: Foster DG, Hulett D, Bradsberry M, Darney P, Policar M. Number of oral contraceptive pill packages dispensed and subsequent unintended pregnancies. Obstet Gynecol 2011;117(3):566-572. Study Design: Cohort (retrospective) Funding Source: Unknown/not stated Setting:...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot19.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...3 weeks. This crossover design allows each patient to serve as his or her own control and decreases the number of participants needed to find a benefit if one exists. The number of complete spontaneous bowel movements was significantly higher with dried plum treatment, increasing...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot14.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2010 - ...an initial negative result because distal lower extremity DVT may propagate into proximal veins. This may not be effective because a small number (1 to 2 percent) of repeat images are positive for thrombus propagation, and patients may not return for their repeat procedure. For this...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0715/p203.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2008 - ...percent sensitivity; however, the improvement in sensitivity compared with HPV testing alone is marginal. Performing both tests doubles the number of tests and increases referrals for colposcopy. The authors conclude that, because of the higher sensitivity of HPV testing alone,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0615/p1740.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2008 - ...Apgar scores. Premature rupture of membranes was observed more frequently in the intervention group. The study medicines were well tolerated by the participants. A small number of patients (seven intervention and six placebo) discontinued treatment because of perceived side effects....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1201/ot2.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2007 - ...the physician fails to give adequate oral or written instructions or because of variations in patient literacy skills. The increasing number of prescription medications also may make errors more likely. Although brief instructions on prescription drug labels should make it easier...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0615/p1851a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2007 - ...The Study: Adult patients from 13 family medicine and two internal medicine practices in 12 states were enrolled in the study. All patients completed a questionnaire that included demographic information; functional status measures; several previously validated psychiatric scales;...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1376a.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2006 - ...to 66 lb (30 kg), and 8 mg for those who weighed more than 66 lb. The dose was repeated if children vomited within 15 minutes of taking the medicine. The mean age of the children was 28 months, 57 percent were boys, and they had a mean of nine episodes of vomiting and six episodes...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p830.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2005 - ...counted the number of actuations they had used. Only 15 percent of health care professionals and 17 percent of patients were able to describe an accurate method of estimating how much medicine remained. Rubin and Durotoye assessed how patients measured the amount of medicine...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p913.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2008 - ...Background: The Institute of Medicine reports that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are a hidden epidemic because the public and health care professionals underestimate the impact of these infections. Young women are particularly at risk of STIs because they tend to have...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p95.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2012 - ...mortality rate was 8.1% in the statin groups and 9.5% in the control groups (relative risk [RR] = 0.90; 95% CI, 0.86-0.94; P < .0001; number needed to treat [NNT] = 67). A dose-response relationship was found with change in absolute LDL levels and did not differ between statins in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1101/ot5.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2006 - ...alternative therapies. A significant number of adults use alternative medicine, and a high percentage do not inform their physicians about their use of dietary supplements. The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine categorizes these therapies as: (1)...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1101/p1623.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2005 - ...time a family medicine, general practice, or internal medicine physician spent face-to-face with each patient. New patient visits were excluded. The study also evaluated visit characteristics such as reason for the visit, number of visits in preceding 12 months, number of diagnoses,...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1215/p2540.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2004 - ...but had negative HSV-2 serology. After informed consent, 352 couples declined to participate, and 14 persons declined to take the study medicines, leaving 1,484 couples (37 percent) available for randomization. The infected source partner of each enrolled couple was randomized to...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1001/p1363.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2005 - ...and subspecialists in maternal-fetal medicine in the United States about primary elective Cesarean delivery. The researchers sent an e-mail survey to members of the American Urogynecologic Society (AUGS) and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine (SMFM). Second and third surveys...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1001/p1379.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2007 - ...are effective at treating diseases, but a significant number of patients do not take them as prescribed, which can cause many adverse events. A patient's nonadherence to a medication regimen could be related to a fear of medicine interactions, adverse effects, a perceived lack of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0301/p722.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2006 - ...for primary HIV is likely to be cost-effective in a variety of clinical settings and could have a significant impact on reducing the number of new HIV infections in the United States. Read the full article. Get immediate access, anytime, anywhere. Choose a single article, issue, or...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0515/p1824.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2005 - ...Pertussis was a common childhood illness before routine immunization. Although immunization is now commonplace, the annual number of infections has increased in recent years. The diagnosis of pertussis is difficult in adolescents and adults because the typical syndrome of whooping...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1115/p2100.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2006 - ...authors performed a retrospective chart review at a Veterans Affairs hospital. Twenty of 100 sequential visits per physician in an internal medicine clinic were randomly selected. Indicators of pain management were used to determine quality of care, focusing on history, physical...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/1015/p1417a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2004 - ...baseline cholesterol levels, or comorbidities, which could influence response. Patient-oriented outcomes could not be evaluated because the number of clinical events during the trial was too small for analysis. Overall, patients receiving atorvastatin showed significantly reduced...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1015/p1580.html

Poems & Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2006 - ...percent or greater) weight loss was 25.2 percent for patients receiving 20 mg rimonabant and 8.5 percent for patients in the placebo group (number needed to treat for one year = 17); the difference between 5 mg rimonabant and placebo was not significant. Patients switching from the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0601/p2018.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - ...A number of consensus statements regarding management of opioid therapy are cited for reference. The authors suggest that opiate dosage increases beyond initial titration should be introduced with extreme caution and point to accumulating evidence showing that dosages need to be...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2218.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2004 - ...A significant number of cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) occur in the United States each year. About 15 percent of these patients require hospitalization, which substantially increases health care expenditures. Multiple efforts have been made to improve the efficiency of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0501/p2198.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 1, 2005 - ...Air travelers with cardiovascular disease may be at increased risk for a number of complications. Safety guidelines for these persons are varied and are backed by insufficient data. Possick and Barry reviewed the literature on evaluation and management of the cardiovascular patient...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1804.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2004 - ...asked not to fill it unless the child's symptoms persisted for a day or more. Using this strategy, the physician was able to lower the total number of antibiotics used by his patients by 20 percent. Siegel and colleagues conducted a study to determine the acceptability of a SNAP...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1788.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2004 - ...of the most widely prescribed chemotherapy agents in oncology, family physicians are likely to have a number of cancer survivors in their patient panels who have received this medicine. Study results have shown that doxorubicin has potential cardiotoxicity, and therapy with this...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0215/p952.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2004 - ...and poor sensitivity and specificity. The guaiac-based tests also have a low positive predictive value that results in a substantial number of normal follow-up examinations after a positive test result. Newer tests are based on immunochemical detection of human blood in the stool....

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0301/p1263.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - ...Plan was associated with significantly greater improvement in scores for anxiety and depression on standardized assessments, reduction in number of anginal episodes per week, use of trinitrates, and physical limitation, as assessed by the Seattle Angina Questionnaire. Most patients...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2144.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2004 - ...a common complaint for which few effective treatments are available. Patients with low back pain often seek complementary and alternative medicine therapies, some of which provide symptom relief. The most popular alternative therapy for back pain is spinal manipulation, usually...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0201/p695a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2002 - ...Enlargement (SAVE) trial, ACE inhibitors were shown to reduce all-cause mortality in MI survivors and the risk of recurrent infarction. A number of other trials have yielded similar results. The risk of cardiac events that seems to be associated with atherosclerotic plaque rupture...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0801/p494.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2000 - ...respiratory conditions other than pneumonia or influenza, heart failure or myocarditis. Secondary outcomes were the number of outpatient visits and the number of antibiotic prescriptions. There were 46,690 hospitalizations for acute cardiopulmonary conditions during the study...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0701/p194.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 1998 - ...Medicine by Way of Telecommunications Am Fam Physician. 1998 Feb 1;57(3):537-538. For the 15 to 25 percent of Americans who live in nonurban or medically underserved communities, electronic communication may be a way to increase access to health care. Tele-medicine may take one of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0201/p537.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2001 - ...of mothers had no risk factors, and many women had multiple risk factors. The percentage of SGA births was directly associated with the number of risks, rising from 1.6 percent for no risk factors to 6.4 percent for six or more risk factors. View/Print Table Lifestyle and...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1892.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2000 - ...million cases of ingestion of a toxic substance by a child less than six years of age were reported to poison control centers in 1998. This number is thought to represent approximately 25 percent of all such incidents. Shannon reviews the management strategies of poisoning in...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0601/p3421.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2002 - ...condition that resulted in malabsorption and subsequent neurodevelopmental problems. This report has been discredited because of the small number of subjects and the lack of an unaffected comparison group. The link between bowel disease and autism is also in doubt. Subsequent...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0301/p942.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 2000 - ...of pregnant patients and is associated with favorable birth outcomes. For nearly a decade, recommendations endorsed by the Institute of Medicine, American Academy of Pediatrics and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists have been based on the prepregnancy body mass...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0315/p1810.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2000 - ...instillation of ophthalmic nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) for pain control. Brown and associates outline an evidence-based medicine (EBM) approach to evaluate the effectiveness of ophthalmic NSAIDs in treating corneal abrasions. The exercise consists of four steps:...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0415/p2521.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 1999 - ...Herbal medicines have now reached widespread use in the United States. Of the many popular herbal remedies available, one that has received a great deal of attention is echinacea. Several completely different preparations are referred to as echinacea. Reasons for the differences...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0401/p1936.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2000 - ...Patients 16 years of age or older who presented to a pulmonary medicine clinic were evaluated for the study. Inclusion criteria were a cough of two to 12 weeks' duration, a normal chest radiograph, normal spirometry results and no history of chronic cardiopulmonary disease. Eligible...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0401/p2180.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2001 - ...Medicine questionnaire assessed a patient's satisfaction with the physician, and the Visit-Specific Questionnaire assessed satisfaction with the visit itself. Demographic information about each patient and information about the physician (location of medical school, number of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0715/p319.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2000 - ...bombarded with information and advertisements about glucosamine as a medicine that relieves osteoarthritis pain and improves mobility. A review of some studies conducted in the United States, and a larger number of studies conducted in Europe hint that some patients with...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0815/p849a.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Mar 15, 1999 - ...Level A indicates large randomized controlled trials that allow definitive conclusions. Clinical trials with rigorous methods in which small numbers of patients were included are classified as level B. Controlled trials with less than 20 patients in each group were classified as...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0315/p1647.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2000 - ...medicine. The average annual emergency department census was 41,258. Of the physicians who responded, 377 (85 percent) felt that conservative administration of opiate pain medication did not change important clinical findings in patients with acute abdominal pain. However, the same...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1101/p2122.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

May 15, 2000 - ...were allocated to problem solving with a nurse. Of the 71 patients assigned to the antidepressant treatment groups, 36 were allocated to a medicine-only group and 35 were allocated to combination treatment with an antidepressant and problem-solving therapy. Patients in the...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0515/p3120.html

Tips From Other Journals - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2003 - ...For a range of conditions, therapies based on complementary or alternative medicine are gaining acceptance in the medical community, although few have been rigorously evaluated. In Great Britain, an estimated 20 percent of physicians use such therapies, and more than 70 percent of...

American Family Physician : Tip

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0601/p2401.html

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