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Antiemetics for Acute Gastroenteritis in Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Jul 1, 2020 - Oral ondansetron (Zofran) may be given to children presenting to the emergency department with vomiting and mild to moderate dehydration from acute gastroenteritis. It reduces hospital admissions and the need for intravenous hydration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0701/p51.html

Intravenous Magnesium Sulfate for Acute Asthma Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical ...

Jan 15, 2019 - Patients presenting to the emergency department with an acute asthma exacerbation that has not responded to first-line therapy (bronchodilators and corticosteroids) can be treated effectively with intravenous magnesium sulfate.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0115/p127.html

Bridging Warfarin Before Colonoscopy in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation - FPIN's ...

Apr 15, 2019 - A limited number of trials that examined the risk of temporary interruption of anticoagulation before a variety of procedures did not find a reduction in the risk of stroke, but they did show an increased risk of bleeding events and venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients who were ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0415/p519.html

Gabapentin for Treatment of Radicular Low Back Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Gabapentin is not effective for the treatment of radicular low back pain and is associated with adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p309.html

Treatments for Postmenopausal Hypoactive Sexual Desire Disorder - FPIN's Clinical ...

Feb 1, 2020 - Transdermal testosterone for the treatment of hypoactive sexual desire disorder in postmenopausal women results in an additional 0.92 sexually satisfying events per month, acne, and increased androgenic effects without major complications

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/p182.html

Exercise to Reduce Falls in Older Adults - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jan 1, 2020 - Exercise programs should be recommended for community-dwelling adults 60 years and older because they lead to fewer falls.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0101/p42.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Intra-articular Corticosteroid Injections for Osteoarthritis of the Knee - FPIN's ...

Jul 15, 2014 - Intra-articular corticosteroid injections can be used to reduce pain by about 20% in the short term (one to three weeks) in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0715/p115.html

Procalcitonin-Guided Antibiotic Therapy for Acute Respiratory Infections - FPIN's ...

Jul 1, 2016 - A procalcitonin-guided antibiotic therapy algorithm should be used to decrease antibiotic use in adults with acute respiratory infections. The use of a procalcitonin-guided therapy algorithm reduces antibiotic use by 3.47 days without increasing morbidity or mortality in adults with ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/p53.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

H. pylori Screening Before Initiation of Long-term NSAIDs - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries -...

Jun 15, 2019 - Physicians should perform laboratory screening for and eradicate H. pylori before initiating long-term NSAID therapy in NSAID-naive patients to reduce the risk of peptic ulcer disease.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p783.html

Aspirin for Colon Cancer Risk Prevention - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2019 - Daily low-dose aspirin can be offered to patients older than 50 years for colon cancer prevention.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1101/od2.html

Dual Antiplatelet Therapy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease - FPIN's Clinical ...

Oct 15, 2019 - Patients with established cardiovascular disease or risk factors (e.g., ischemic cerebrovascular disease, peripheral arterial disease, high risk of atherothrombotic disease) should receive dual antiplatelet therapy with aspirin plus clopidogrel, which confers additional benefit over ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1015/p463.html

Giant Cell Arteritis: Biopsy After Corticosteroid Initiation - FPIN's Clinical ...

Jan 15, 2017 - Corticosteroid therapy in patients with suspected giant cell arteritis should not degrade the accuracy of temporal artery biopsy if the biopsy is performed within four weeks of corticosteroid initiation. Temporal artery biopsy can be performed up to four weeks after starting high-dose ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0115/p116.html

Exercise and Pregnancy Loss - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2015 - Regular exercise for up to seven or more hours per week (including low-intensity and high-intensity aerobics, jogging, cycling, and swimming) is not associated with increased rates of miscarriage in the first to mid-second trimesters. Patients may continue bending and lifting at work, ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0401/p437.html

Micronutrient Supplementation During Pregnancy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Aug 1, 2015 - A multimicronutrient supplement is an oral tablet containing the recommended daily allowance of several vitamins and minerals. The World Health Organization does not recommend multimicronutrient supplementation because of the potential for increased neonatal mortality in some situations.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0801/p222.html

Topical Preparations for Wound Healing - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family ...

Jun 15, 2014 - Topical silver should not be used for treatment of nonburn wounds because it does not hasten healing. Medical-grade topical honey can be used to reduce healing time for partial-thickness burns, but it produces no effect on lacerations, surgical wounds, chronic wounds, or vascular ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0615/p978.html

Cardiovascular Effects of NSAIDs - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2014 - Aspirin does not elevate blood pressure. Among nonselective NSAIDs, ibuprofen increases the risk of hypertension and stroke. Diclofenac does not increase the risk of hypertension, but does increase the risk of stroke. Naproxen (Naprosyn) does not increase the risk of hypertension or ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0815/od2.html

Advantages of the No-Scalpel Vasectomy Technique - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American...

Jun 15, 2012 - NSV should be used instead of the standard incisional method.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0615/od1.html

Management of ADHD in Preschool-Aged Children - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Sep 15, 2013 - Behavior therapy interventions, such as parent training, are first-line treatment for ADHD in preschool-aged children (three to five years of age). Medication is an option for children with moderate to severe ADHD if behavior therapy has not been effective and if the benefits outweigh ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0915/p398.html

Atopic Eczema and Early Introduction of Solid Foods - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 15, 2015 - In most children, solid foods may be introduced before four to six months of age without increasing the risk of atopic eczema.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0915/p523.html

Exercise for the Treatment of Knee Osteoarthritis - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2011 - Regular exercise reduces osteoarthritic knee pain and improves functioning.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2011/0901/od1.html

Treatments for Sciatica - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

May 1, 2015 - Surgical diskectomy can be offered to patients with refractory sciatica, but there is only modest, short-term improvement in leg pain and disability scores. Epidural steroid injections may be offered to patients with sciatica of more than six months' duration.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0501/p612.html

Risks of Bisphosphonate Use - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2013 - Bisphosphonates are associated with a small risk of atypical femoral shaft fractures, which increases with duration of use. Bisphosphonates are associated with a small risk of osteonecrosis of the jaw, which is more common in patients who are older, female, or have poor dental hygiene ...

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/1115/p697.html

Management of Acute Achilles Tendon Rupture - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Jun 1, 2015 - There are no clear evidence-based criteria to decide which patients should undergo operative vs. nonoperative management of acute Achilles tendon rupture.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0601/p794.html

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