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Medicine by the numbers

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ACCP and AACVPR Release Evidence-Based Guidelines on Pulmonary Rehabilitation - ...

Jan 15, 2008 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) and the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (AACVPR) has released pulmonary rehabilitation guidelines that update the recommendations published in 1997 and examine new areas of research.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0115/p242.html

ACCP Releases Statement on Dyspnea Treatment in Patients with Advanced Lung or Heart ...

Oct 15, 2010 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) wrote a consensus statement to influence clinical practice and provide suggestions regarding the management of dyspnea in patients with advanced lung or heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p999.html

Acute Altitude Illness: Updated Prevention and Treatment Guidelines from the Wilderness...

Apr 15, 2020 - Acute altitude illness comprises acute mountain sickness, high altitude cerebral edema, and high altitude pulmonary edema. The Wilderness Medical Society has updated prevention and treatment guidelines on acute altitude illness.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p505.html

Albuterol vs. Levalbuterol for Asthma Treatment in Children - AFP Journal Club - ...

May 1, 2008 - For children with acute asthma exacerbations, is levalbuterol better than albuterol? There is no difference between the medications in effectiveness or side effects.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0501/p1214.html

American Thoracic Society Updates Statement on Pulmonary Rehabilitation - Practice ...

Mar 1, 2000 - The American Thoracic Society (ATS) has updated its statement on pulmonary rehabilitation in patients with chronic respiratory impairment. The report outlines the scope of pulmonary rehabilitation and provides data on its benefits, patient assessment and the essential components of a ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0301/p1550.html

Amoxicillin/Clavulanate or Ibuprofen No Better Than Placebo for Acute Bronchitis - ...

Feb 1, 2014 - Treating acute bronchitis with amoxicillin/clavulanate or the nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug ibuprofen is no more effective than placebo in decreasing symptoms in general or duration of frequent cough. Treatment does, however, produce adverse effects in one in eight patients.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0201/p225.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis for COPD Exacerbations - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - American ...

Apr 15, 2018 - Prophylactic antibiotics may be used to reduce the overall rate of COPD exacerbations and delay their onset. However, the appropriate antibiotic regimen and target population are unclear.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0415/p527.html

Antibiotic Prophylaxis in Patients with COPD - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2019 - This research fails to determine whether the modest potential benefits of antibiotic prophylaxis in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outweigh the risk of resistance. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/od1.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Medicine by ...

Feb 1, 2020 - Prescription of antibiotics for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is controversial due to the variety of etiologies. This review examined the use of antibiotics to treat COPD in outpatient, inpatient, and ICU settings. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0201/od1.html

Antibiotics for Exacerbations of COPD - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Sep 1, 2006 - There is consistent evidence from a small number of studies that antibiotics significantly reduce mortality (number needed to treat [NNT] = 8) and treatment failure (NNT = 3) in more severely ill patients with COPD who are hospitalized because of an exacerbation. Two smaller studies ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0901/p749.html

Are Metered-Dose Inhalers with Holding Chambers Better Than Nebulizers for Treating ...

Jan 1, 2003 - In the emergency room, MDIs with holding chambers are as effective as nebulizers for delivering beta2 agonists to treat acute asthma in adults and children older than age two. There might be slightly less beta2 agonist–induced tachycardia in children when MDIs with holding chambers are ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0101/p62.html

Asthma Update: Part II. Medical Management - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2004 - The National Asthma Education and Prevention Program recently updated its guidelines for the management of asthma. An evidence-based approach was used to examine several key issues regarding appropriate medical therapy for patients with asthma. The updated guidelines have clarified ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0915/p1061.html

Atypical Pathogens and Challenges in Community-Acquired Pneumonia - American Family ...

Apr 1, 2004 - Atypical organisms such as Mycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, and Legionella pneumophila are implicated in up to 40 percent of cases of community-acquired pneumonia. Antibiotic treatment is empiric and includes coverage for both typical and atypical organisms. Doxycycline, a ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0401/p1699.html

Beta2 Agonists for Acute Cough or a Clinical Diagnosis of Acute Bronchitis - Cochrane ...

May 1, 2017 - There is insufficient evidence to determine whether beta2 agonists can improve symptoms for children with acute cough or bronchitis with wheeze. Beta2 agonists are not likely to benefit and may cause adverse effects in adults who do not have evidence of airflow restriction (number ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0501/p551.html

Beta2 Agonists in the Treatment of Asthma - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - ...of this advisory are the findings of the Salmeterol Multicenter Asthma Research Trial,2 which was stopped because of a small but significant number of asthma-related deaths, and similar data from studies of formoterol (Foradil Aerolizer) that showed a possible increase in severe...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p232.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2014 - Albuterol does not improve any clinical outcomes in the outpatient or inpatient setting and should not be used in the treatment of bronchiolitis in a child 24 months or younger.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/1101/p622.html

Bronchodilators for Bronchiolitis - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2015 - Studies show that none were helped and the impact of harms such as decreased oxygen saturation and tachycardia was uncertain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0901/od1.html

Childhood Asthma: Treatment Update - American Family Physician

May 15, 2005 - The prevalence of childhood asthma has risen significantly over the past four decades. A family history of atopic disease is associated with an increased likelihood of developing asthma, and environmental triggers such as tobacco smoke significantly increase the severity of daily asthma...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0515/p1959.html

Combination LABA Inhalers Compared with High-Dose Inhaled Steroids for Adults with ...

Mar 1, 2018 - We designated the use of long-acting beta agonist inhalers for adults with asthma as having no benefits because of a small potential benefit of questionable clinical utility (avoiding a brief burst of oral steroids) and the possibility of a fatal harm. Find out more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0301/od1.html

Combined Inhaled Short-Acting Beta2 Agonist and Anticholinergic Agents for Asthma - ...

Jun 1, 2018 - Although the quality of evidence included in this review was low to moderate, the potential benefits of decreased hospitalization and relapse rates and the comparatively mild and limited adverse events suggest that patients presenting with acute asthma exacerbations are likely to ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/od1.html

Community-Acquired Pneumonia: Determining Safe Treatment in the Outpatient Setting - ...

Jun 15, 2019 - When is it safe to treat a patient with community-acquired pneumonia a an outpatient?

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p768.html

Continuing Warfarin for 18 Months After Unprovoked PE Reduces Risk of Recurrent VTE - ...

Nov 1, 2015 - Continuing warfarin therapy for 18 months after an unprovoked PE reduces the risk of recurrent symptomatic venous thromboembolism (VTE). However, benefit beyond 18 months is not maintained after the warfarin is discontinued.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1101/p814.html

Corticosteroids for Community-Acquired Pneumonia - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Jun 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 20 patients avoided mechanical ventilation and 1 in 16 patients avoided ARDS; 1 in 29 patients developed hyperglycemia requiring treatment. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0601/od1.html

Corticosteroids for Presumed Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Patients with HIV Infection - ...

Jul 15, 2013 - Adjunctive corticosteroids decrease mortality in patients with HIV infection who have moderate to severe hypoxemia and suspected or confirmed pneumocystis pneumonia. Corticosteroids lead to a higher incidence of herpetic lesions, but not other opportunistic conditions.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2013/0715/od1.html

Corticosteroids for Pulmonary Sarcoidosis - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family ...

Nov 1, 2005 - Patients who take oral corticosteroids are more likely to show improvement in their chest radiographs than those taking placebo, although improvements in symptoms and lung function are less certain. The typical dosage used in randomized trials was 20 mg daily or 40 mg every two days ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/1101/p1702.html

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