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What Is New in HIV Infection? - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2014 - Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention and treatment updates include screening recommendations, fourth-generation testing, preexposure prophylaxis, and a paradigm shift; treatment is prevention. The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends routine HIV screening in persons ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0215/p265.html

Diagnosis and Initial Management of Acute HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2010 - Recognition and diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in the primary care setting presents an opportunity for patient education and health promotion. Symptoms of acute HIV infection are nonspecific (e.g., fever, malaise, myalgias, rash), making misdiagnosis ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0515/p1239.html

Applying HIV Testing Guidelines in Clinical Practice - American Family Physician

Dec 15, 2009 - An estimated one fourth of persons with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are not aware they are infected. Early diagnosis of HIV has the potential to ensure optimal outcomes for infected persons and to limit the spread of the virus. Important barriers to testing among physicians ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/1215/p1441.html

How to Recognize and Treat Acute HIV Syndrome - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 1999 - The diagnosis of acute human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) syndrome requires a high index of suspicion and proper laboratory testing. Patients with the syndrome may have fever, fatigue, rash, pharyngitis or other symptoms. Primary HIV infection should be considered in any patient with ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0801/p535.html

Preventive Counseling, Screening, and Therapy for the Patient with Newly Diagnosed HIV ...

Jan 15, 2006 - The epidemic of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) continues, and the infection is converting into a treatable chronic disease; therefore, it is increasingly important for family physicians to be current with and comfortable in providing basic care to patients infected with HIV. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p271.html

Management of Newborns Exposed to Maternal HIV Infection - American Family Physician

May 15, 2002 - The management of infants whose mothers are infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) involves minimizing the risk of vertical transmission of HIV, recognizing neonatal HIV infection early, preventing opportunistic infections, and addressing psychosocial issues. Maternal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0515/p2049.html

Cytomegalovirus - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a prevalent viral pathogen. The majority of persons with acute CMV will experience an inapparent infection. Primary CMV infection will cause up to 7 percent of cases of mononucleosis syndrome and will manifest symptoms almost indistinguishable from those of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p519.html

HIV Counseling, Testing, and Referral - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2004 - Over the past decade, the annual number of new cases of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been relatively stable but remains unacceptably high (an estimated 40,000 new cases per year). Furthermore, the demographics for HIV infection are changing. Rates of new infections ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0715/p295.html

Understanding the Guidelines for Treating HIV Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 1998 - In 1996 a panel of experts convened by the International AIDS Society-USA issued new guidelines for treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, which have recently been updated. Quantitative plasma HIV-1 RNA concentration (viral load) and CD4+ lymphocyte levels are used to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0115/p315.html

Combination Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 1998 - The primary goal of antiretroviral therapy for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is suppression of viral replication. Evidence indicates that the optimal way to achieve this goal is by initiating combination therapy with two or more antiretroviral agents. The agents now ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0601/p2789.html

Plasma Viral Load Testing in the Management of HIV Infection - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2001 - The polymerase chain reaction assay, branched DNA assay and nucleic acid sequence-based amplification assay quantitate human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA levels. Plasma viral load (PVL) testing has become a cornerstone of HIV disease management. Initiation of antiretroviral drug ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0201/p483.html

Managing Issues Related to Antiretroviral Therapy - American Family Physician

Aug 15, 2003 - Antiretroviral regimens are complicated and difficult for patients to follow, and they can have serious side effects, such as osteonecrosis and bone demineralization. Protease inhibitor therapy has been associated with hyperlipidemia, hyperglycemia, gastrointestinal symptoms, and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0815/p675.html

Obstetric Care of Patients with HIV Disease - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2001 - Appropriate management of pregnant patients who have human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) disease can have a major impact on maternal and infant health. The goals of therapy are to properly manage the pregnancy, treat the maternal HIV infection and minimize the risk of vertical ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0101/p107.html

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