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Does Metformin Increase the Risk of Fatal or Nonfatal Lactic Acidosis? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2010 - In patients without standard contraindications to metformin therapy, metformin does not increase the risk of lactic acidosis.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1068.html

Does Pioglitazone Benefit Patients With Type 2 Diabetes? - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Oct 1, 2007 - Pioglitazone produces a reduction in A1C levels similar to that produced by other drugs. One trial found that although pioglitazone, used as an adjunct to other antihyperglycemic medications, may lead to a statistically significant reduction in morbidity and mortality in patients with ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1001/p969.html

Duration of Bisphosphonate Therapy - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2018 - Oral bisphosphonates significantly reduce clinical fracture risk at four years in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (T-score less than −2.5). Treatment beyond five years is associated with further reductions in fractures in women with persistent femoral neck T-scores less than −2.5.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0401/od1.html

Educational Guidelines for Achieving Tight Control and Minimizing Complications of Type...

Nov 1, 1999 - Tight glucose control with intensive therapy in patients with type 1 diabetes (formerly known as juvenile-onset or insulin-dependent diabetes) can delay the onset and slow the progression of retinopathy, nephropathy and neuropathy. Optimal blood glucose control is defined by a target ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1101/p1985.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Galactorrhea - American Family Physician

May 1, 2001 - Galactorrhea, or inappropriate lactation, is a relatively common problem that occurs in approximately 20 to 25 percent of women. Lactation requires the presence of estrogen, progesterone and, most importantly, prolactin. Stress, suckling, sleep, sexual intercourse and medications may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/0501/p1763.html

Evaluation of Short and Tall Stature in Children - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2008 - Children and adolescents whose heights and growth velocities deviate from the normal percentiles on standard growth charts present a special challenge to physicians. Height that is less than the 3rd percentile or greater than the 97th percentile is deemed short or tall stature, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0901/p597.html

Exenatide Injection (Byetta): Adjunctive Therapy for Glycemic Control - STEPS - ...

Jun 15, 2006 - Exenatide is an injectable treatment for type 2 diabetes. Its use requires patient education and strict monitoring of glucose levels because of the difficulty of its administration; therefore, it may not be a safe or practical option for patients who are not willing or able to ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2213.html

Facilitating Treatment Adherence With Lifestyle Changes in Diabetes - American Family ...

Jan 15, 2004 - Healthy eating and increased physical activity can prevent or delay diabetes and its complications. Techniques that facilitate adherence to these lifestyle changes can be adapted to primary care. Often, the patient's readiness to work toward change must be developed gradually. To ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0115/p309.html

Glucose Control in Hospitalized Patients - American Family Physician

May 1, 2010 - Evidence indicates that hospitalized patients with hyperglycemia do not benefit from tight blood glucose control. Maintaining a blood glucose level of less than 180 mg per dL (9.99 mmol per L) will minimize symptoms of hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia without adversely affecting ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0501/p1121.html

Glucose Management in Hospitalized Patients - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2017 - Glucose management in hospitalized patients poses challenges to physicians, including identifying blood glucose targets, judicious use of oral diabetes mellitus medications, and implementing appropriate insulin regimens. Uncontrolled blood glucose levels can lead to deleterious effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1115/p648.html

Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 1, 2007 - There is no clearly superior oral agent for glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0401/p1051.html

Gynecomastia - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2012 - Gynecomastia is defined as benign proliferation of glandular breast tissue in men. Physiologic gynecomastia is common in newborns, adolescents, and older men. It is self-limited, but can be treated to minimize emotional distress and physical discomfort. Nonphysiologic gynecomastia may ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0401/p716.html

Hair Loss: Common Causes and Treatment - American Family Physician

Sep 15, 2017 - Hair loss is often distressing and can have a significant effect on the patient’s quality of life. Patients may present to their family physician first with diffuse or patchy hair loss. Scarring alopecia is best evaluated by a dermatologist. Nonscarring alopecias can be readily ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0915/p371.html

High-Dose vs. Standard-Dose Heparin for VTE Prophylaxis in Obese Patients - FPIN's Help...

Jun 1, 2018 - In most patients weighing more than 220 lb (100 kg), high-dose heparin prophylaxis (7,500 units subcutaneously three times per day) does not further reduce the risk of VTE compared with standard-dose heparin (5,000 units subcutaneously two or three times per day).

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/od2.html

Hirsutism in Women - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2019 - Hirsutism is the excessive growth of terminal hair in a typical male pattern in a female. It is often a sign of excessive androgen levels. Although many conditions can lead to hirsutism, polycystic ovary syndrome and idiopathic hyperandrogenism account for more than 85% of cases. Less ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p168.html

Home Monitoring of Glucose and Blood Pressure - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2007 - Home monitoring of blood glucose and blood pressure levels can provide patients and physicians with valuable information in the management of diabetes mellitus and hypertension. Home monitoring allows patients to play an active role in their care and may improve treatment adherence and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p255.html

Hyperglycemic Crises: Improving Prevention and Management - Editorials - American ...

May 1, 2005 - ...it also has been shown that quarterly visits for children with type 1 diabetes to endocrine clinics can significantly reduce the number of emergency admissions for DKA.12 A prospective study of 1,243 patients with type 1 diabetes from infancy to 19 years of age showed that elevated...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0501/p1659.html

Hyperhidrosis: Management Options - American Family Physician

Jun 1, 2018 - Hyperhidrosis is excessive sweating that affects patients’ quality of life, resulting in social and work impairment and emotional distress. Primary hyperhidrosis is bilaterally symmetric, focal, excessive sweating of the axillae, palms, soles, or craniofacial region not caused by other ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0601/p729.html

Hyperthyroidism: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Hyperthyroidism is an excessive concentration of thyroid hormones in tissues caused by increased synthesis of thyroid hormones, excessive release of preformed thyroid hormones, or an endogenous or exogenous extrathyroidal source. The most common causes of an excessive production of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p363.html

Hypothyroidism: An Update - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2012 - Hypothyroidism is a clinical disorder commonly encountered by the primary care physician. Untreated hypothyroidism can contribute to hypertension, dyslipidemia, infertility, cognitive impairment, and neuromuscular dysfunction. Data derived from the National Health and Nutrition ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0801/p244.html

Ibandronate (Boniva) for Treatment and Prevention of Osteoporosis in Postmenopausal ...

Jan 15, 2006 - Ibandronate is a bisphosphonate that can be taken daily or monthly. The daily dosage has been shown to decrease vertebral fractures in women with osteoporosis and a history of previous vertebral fractures. Neither formulation has been shown to reduce the risk of hip fracture or other ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0115/p305.html

Impaired Glucose Tolerance and Impaired Fasting Glucose - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2004 - Impaired glucose tolerance and impaired fasting glucose form an intermediate stage in the natural history of diabetes mellitus. From 10 to 15 percent of adults in the United States have one of these conditions. Impaired glucose tolerance is defined as two-hour glucose levels of 140 to ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0415/p1961.html

Insulin Detemir (Levmir) for Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2006 - Insulin detemir is suitable as basal insulin in a basal-bolus regimen. In limited research, it has been shown to cause slightly fewer episodes of minor hypoglycemia and no weight gain in patients with type 1 and 2 diabetes, which is a benefit that must be balanced against its higher ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p323.html

Insulin for Glycemic Control in Acute Ischemic Stroke - Cochrane for Clinicians - ...

Dec 1, 2012 - Administering insulin to maintain glycemic control does not improve the rates of mortality or dependency, or the final neurologic outcome after an acute ischemic stroke. Additionally, in randomized controlled trials, patients in the intervention groups (those under tight glycemic ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/1201/p1008.html

Insulin Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes: Rescue, Augmentation, and Replacement of Beta-Cell...

Aug 1, 2004 - Type 2 diabetes is characterized by progressive beta-cell failure. Indications for exogenous insulin therapy in patients with this condition include acute illness or surgery, pregnancy, glucose toxicity, contraindications to or failure to achieve goals with oral antidiabetic ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0801/p489.html

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