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Medicine by the numbers

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A Primary Care Approach to the Patient with Claudication - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2000 - Peripheral arterial occlusive disease occurs in about 18 percent of persons over 70 years of age. Usually, patients who have this disease present with intermittent claudication with pain in the calf, thigh or buttock that is elicited by exertion and relieved with a few minutes of rest. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0215/p1027.html

ACC Statement on Preparticipation Cardiovascular Screening for Competitive Athletes - ...

Aug 1, 2005 - The American College of Cardiology (ACC) has released new eligibility guidelines for competitive athletes with cardiovascular abnormalities and clinical guidelines for preparticipation screening.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0801/p523.html

ACC/AHA Hypertension Guideline: What Is New? What Do We Do? - Editorials - American ...

Mar 15, 2018 - Choosing a threshold and target for treatment should be based on the science supporting CVD risk reduction, while considering the benefits and harms in individual patient circumstances and respecting patient choice.

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0315/p372.html

ACC/AHA Release Guidelines on Management of Patients with STEMI: Hospital and Long-Term...

Nov 1, 2004 - Guidelines for the management of ST-elevation myo-cardial infarction (STEMI), focusing on prevention and management in the emergency department, are available from the American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA) Task Force on Practice Guidelines.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/1101/p1800.html

ACCP Releases Statement on Dyspnea Treatment in Patients with Advanced Lung or Heart ...

Oct 15, 2010 - The American College of Chest Physicians (ACCP) wrote a consensus statement to influence clinical practice and provide suggestions regarding the management of dyspnea in patients with advanced lung or heart disease.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1015/p999.html

ACE Inhibitor Therapy: Benefits and Underuse - Editorials - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 1999 - ...SIDNEY C. SMITH, JR., M.D., University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, School of Medicine, Chapel Hill, North Carolina Am Fam Physician. 1999 Jan 1;59(1):35-. During the past decade, several landmark trials have confirmed the benefits of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/0101/p35.html

ACE Inhibitors or ARBs to Prevent CKD in Patients with Microalbuminuria - FPIN's ...

Oct 15, 2016 - ACE inhibitors reduce the risk of progression to macroalbuminuria in normotensive patients with microalbuminuria and type 1 diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/1015/p652.html

ACP Releases Guideline on Lipid Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - ...

Aug 15, 2004 - A guideline on the management of dyslipidemia, particularly hypercholesterolemia, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been published by the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians (ACP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p775.html

Acute Coronary Syndrome: Diagnostic Evaluation - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2017 - Myocardial infarction (MI), a subset of acute coronary syndrome, is damage to the cardiac muscle as evidenced by elevated cardiac troponin levels in the setting of acute ischemia. Coronary artery disease is the leading cause of mortality in the United States. Chest pain is a common ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0201/p170.html

Acute Pericarditis - American Family Physician

Nov 15, 2007 - Although acute pericarditis is most often associated with viral infection, it may also be caused by many diseases, drugs, invasive cardiothoracic procedures, and chest trauma. Diagnosing acute pericarditis is often a process of exclusion. A history of abrupt-onset chest pain, the ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1115/p1509.html

Acute Pericarditis: Diagnosis and Management - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2014 - Acute pericarditis, inflammation of the pericardium, is found in approximately 5% of patients admitted to the emergency department for chest pain unrelated to acute myocardial infarction. It occurs most often in men 20 to 50 years of age. Acute pericarditis has a number of potential ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0401/p553.html

Advances in the Treatment of Arrhythmias: Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators - ...

Jan 15, 1998 - Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators are commonly used in patients who have life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. With these implanted electronic devices, bradyarrhythmias and tachyarrhythmias can be recognized promptly and treated with electrical pacing, cardioversion or ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/0115/p297.html

AHA Examines Cardiovascular Problems in Diabetes - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued recommendations for interventions to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p561.html

AHA Releases Statement on Physical Activity Interventions - Practice Guidelines - ...

Jul 15, 2007 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has released a summary statement on physical activity interventions with the aim to provide an overview of their population-wide impact.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0715/p297.html

Aliskiren (Tekturna) for the Treatment of Hypertension - STEPS - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2007 - Aliskiren provides a new pharmacologic approach to treating hypertension; however, short-term studies have not identified a unique role. It is more expensive than commonly used first-line diuretics, and long-term safety has not been demonstrated.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1015/p1203.html

Amiodarone: Guidelines for Use and Monitoring - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2003 - Amiodarone is a potent antiarrhythmic agent that is used to treat ventricular arrhythmias and atrial fibrillation. The drug prevents the recurrence of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias and produces a modest reduction of sudden deaths in high-risk patients. Amiodarone is more ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/1201/p2189.html

An Approach to Diagnosis and Initial Management of Systemic Vasculitis - American ...

Oct 1, 1999 - Systemic vasculitis occurs in a heterogeneous group of primary disorders or can be a manifestation of infection, an adverse drug reaction, malignancy or a connective tissue disease. A vasculitic process should be suspected in patients with unexplained ischemia or multiple organ ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1999/1001/p1421.html

Antihypertensive Drug Therapy for Mild to Moderate Hypertension During Pregnancy - ...

Oct 1, 2019 - Compared with placebo, antihypertensive drug therapy for mild to moderate hypertension (defined by the authors as a blood pressure of 140 to 169 mm Hg systolic or 90 to 109 mm Hg diastolic) caused by chronic hypertension, gestational hypertension, or preeclampsia during pregnancy does ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/1001/p403.html

Antiplatelet Therapy and Anticoagulation in Patients with Hypertension - Cochrane for ...

Mar 1, 2005 - Antiplatelet agents should not be used in patients with hypertension and no previous history of heart attack or stroke. However, these agents are recommended for use in hypertensive patients who already have vascular disease. Anticoagulants should not be used for prevention of vascular ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0301/p897.html

Aortic Stenosis: Diagnosis and Treatment - American Family Physician

Mar 1, 2016 - Aortic stenosis affects 3% of persons older than 65 years. Although survival in asymptomatic patients is comparable to that in age- and sex-matched control patients, it decreases rapidly after symptoms appear. During the asymptomatic latent period, left ventricular hypertrophy and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0301/p371.html

Apixaban (Eliquis) for Stroke Prevention in Atrial Fibrillation - STEPS - American ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Apixaban is at least as effective as aspirin or warfarin for preventing strokes in high-risk patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation, especially those who cannot or will not take warfarin. It is slightly less likely to cause major bleeding and may have better compliance because it...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/p672.html

Apolipoproteins for Cardiovascular Risk Assessment - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Apr 15, 2014 - Measurement of apolipoprotein B and apolipoprotein A-I is no better than traditional lipid measurements and should not be used to predict cardiovascular risk.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2014/0415/od2.html

Applying a Clinical Decision Rule for CAD in Primary Care to Select a Diagnostic Test ...

May 1, 2019 - Using the INTERCHEST chest pain decision rule to decide next steps when a patient presents to a primary care physician with chest pain.

American Family Physician : Point-of-Care Guides

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0501/p584.html

Are Beta Blockers Effective First-line Treatments for Hypertension? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2007 - Current evidence does not support the use of beta blockers as initial therapy for hypertension.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/1101/p1306.html

Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dyplasia - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2006 - Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a disorder in which normal myocardium is replaced by fibrofatty tissue. This disorder usually involves the right ventricle, but the left ventricle and septum also may be affected. Although the exact prevalence of ARVD is unknown, it ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0415/p1391.html

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