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Medicine by the numbers

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AAN, AANEM, and AAPMR Publish Guideline for Treatment of Painful Diabetic Neuropathy - ...

Sep 1, 2012 - Painful diabetic neuropathy is a chronic disease that affects approximately 16 percent of patients who have diabetes mellitus. The American Academy of Neurology (AAN), the American Association of Neuromuscular and Electrodiagnostic Medicine (AANEM), and the American Academy of Physical ...

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0901/p469.html

ACE Inhibitors vs. ARBs for Patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2007 - Studies comparing ACE inhibitors or ARBs with placebo found no mortality benefit in patients with diabetic kidney disease. A subgroup analysis of five studies (2,034 total patients) found that, when given at full or maximally tolerated doses, ACE inhibitors reduce all-cause mortality ...

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0701/p68.html

ACP Releases Guideline on Lipid Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - ...

Aug 15, 2004 - A guideline on the management of dyslipidemia, particularly hypercholesterolemia, in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus has been published by the Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians (ACP).

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2004/0815/p775.html

AHA Examines Cardiovascular Problems in Diabetes - Practice Guidelines - American ...

Jan 15, 2000 - The American Heart Association (AHA) has issued recommendations for interventions to reduce the risk of cardiovascular complications in patients with diabetes mellitus.

American Family Physician : Practice Guidelines

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0115/p561.html

Alternative Therapies: Part 1. Depresssion, Diabetes, Obesity - American Family Physician

Sep 1, 2000 - Natural supplements are widely used in the United States and, while claims of their therapeutic effects abound, medical research does not always support their effectiveness. St. John's wort acts as a weak selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor with fewer side effects. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/0901/p1051.html

Angiotensin Blockade in Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries ...

Aug 1, 2007 - When used to delay the progression of early nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus, angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) are not superior to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0801/p423.html

Antihypertensive Agents for Prevention of Diabetic Nephropathy - Cochrane for ...

Jul 1, 2006 - Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are the only antihypertensive agents with proven effectiveness for the primary prevention of diabetic nephropathy (defined as an albumin excretion of less than 30 mg per day on three serial measurements) caused by type 1 or type 2 diabetes....

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0701/p77.html

Attenuating Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes - American ...

Dec 15, 2000 - Patients with type 2 diabetes (formerly known as non-insulin-resistant diabetes) have a significantly increased risk of developing cardiovascular disease. Once clinical cardiovascular disease develops, these patients have a poorer prognosis than normoglycemic patients. By inducing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1215/p2633.html

Becaplermin (Regranex) for Diabetic Foot Ulcers - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2008 - Although patients treated with becaplermin are more likely to experience complete and faster ulcer healing than patients continuing good wound care alone, the increased risk of cancer mortality and significant cost outweigh the possible benefits in most patients.

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0715/p255.html

Benefits and Harms for Low-Dose Aspirin in Patients with Diabetes Mellitus - POEMs - ...

Jun 1, 2019 - The 7,740 patients who took low-dose aspirin experienced 51 fewer vascular deaths, nonfatal myocardial infarctions, or nonfatal ischemic strokes; 29 fewer transient ischemic attacks; and 44 fewer revascularizations than patients who took placebo over a mean of 7.4 years.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0601/p718.html

Charcot Foot: Clinical Clues, Diagnostic Strategies, and Treatment Principles - ...

May 1, 2018 - Acute Charcot neuroarthropathy of the foot and ankle is often difficult to diagnose because of limited findings in the patient history, physical examination, imaging, and laboratory studies. Delay in treatment results in the development of rigid foot and ankle deformities, increasing ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/p594.html

Choosing First-Line Therapy for Management of Type 2 Diabetes - AFP Journal Club - ...

Jan 1, 2008 - Which controls type 2 diabetes best at five years: rosiglitazone, metformin, or glyburide? Metformin should be the first-line drug for managing type 2 diabetes. Insulin and sulfonylureas should be second line, and glitazones should be reserved for third line.

American Family Physician : AFP Journal Club

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0101/p16.html

Combination Therapy for Type 2 Diabetes - Editorials - American Family Physician

Dec 1, 2001 - ...University of Alabama at Birmingham School of Medicine, Birmingham, Alabama Am Fam Physician. 2001 Dec 1;64(11):1812-1815. Until just over six years ago, patients with type 2 diabetes were started on treatment with a sulfonylurea. When this treatment failed, insulin was added to or...

American Family Physician : Editorials

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2001/1201/p1812.html

Dapagliflozin (Farxiga) for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus - STEPS - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2015 - Dapagliflozin will lower A1C levels by an average of 0.7 percentage points when used alone or by an average of 0.5 percentage points when added to metformin therapy. Its effect on diabetes-associated morbidity and mortality has not been studied, and although it is well tolerated, there ...

American Family Physician : STEPS

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/0615/p828.html

Dapagliflozin in High-Risk Type 2 Diabetes Reduces Hospitalization for Heart Failure ...

Aug 1, 2019 - The only cardiovascular benefit to treatment with dapagliflozin was a reduction in the likelihood of hospitalization; 125 patients would need to be treated for 10 years to prevent one hospitalization.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p184.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Diagnosis and Screening - American Family Physician

Apr 1, 2010 - Based on etiology, diabetes is classified as type 1 diabetes mellitus, type 2 diabetes mellitus, latent autoimmune diabetes, maturity-onset diabetes of youth, and miscellaneous causes. The diagnosis is based on measurement of A1C level, fasting or random blood glucose level, or oral ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/0401/p863.html

Diabetes Mellitus: Screening and Diagnosis - American Family Physician

Jan 15, 2016 - Diabetes mellitus is one of the most common diagnoses made by family physicians. Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to blindness, limb amputation, kidney failure, and vascular and heart disease. Screening patients before signs and symptoms develop leads to earlier diagnosis and treatment, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0115/p103.html

Diabetes: Type 2 - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2019 - This collection features AFP content on type 2 diabetes and related issues, including blood glucose levels, diabetic complications (such as ketoacidosis and neuropathy), glycemic control, insulin management, and gestational diabetes. This collection features AFP content on type 2 ...

American Family Physician : AFP By Topic

https://www.aafp.org/afp/topicModules/viewTopicModule.htm?topicModuleId=7

Diabetic Foot Ulcers: Pathogenesis and Management - American Family Physician

Nov 1, 2002 - Foot ulcers are a significant complication of diabetes mellitus and often precede lower-extremity amputation. The most frequent underlying etiologies are neuropathy, trauma, deformity, high plantar pressures, and peripheral arterial disease. Thorough and systematic evaluation and ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/1101/p1655.html

Diabetic Kidney Disease: Diagnosis, Treatment, and Prevention - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2019 - Globally, approximately 20% of the 400 million individuals with diabetes mellitus have diabetic kidney disease (DKD). DKD is associated with higher cardiovascular and all-cause morbidity and mortality, so timely diagnosis and treatment are critical. Screening for early DKD is best done ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0615/p751.html

Diabetic Nephropathy--The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

May 1, 2012 - Nearly one-half of persons with chronic kidney disease have diabetes mellitus. Diabetes accounted for 44 percent of new cases of kidney failure in 2008. Diabetic nephropathy, also called diabetic kidney disease, is associated with significant macrovascular risk, and is the leading cause...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0501/p883.html

Diabetic Nephropathy: Common Questions - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2005 - Diabetic nephropathy, or diabetic kidney disease, affects 20 to 30 percent of patients with diabetes. It is a common cause of kidney failure. Diabetic nephropathy presents in its earliest stage with low levels of albumin (microalbuminuria) in the urine. The most practical method of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0701/p96.html

Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus: New Criteria - American Family ...

Oct 15, 1998 - New recommendations for the classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus include the preferred use of the terms

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/1998/1015/p1355.html

Diagnosis and Management of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus - American Family Physician

Jul 1, 2009 - Gestational diabetes occurs in 5 to 9 percent of pregnancies in the United States and is growing in prevalence. It is a controversial entity, with conflicting guidelines and treatment protocols. Recent studies show that diagnosis and management of this disorder have beneficial effects ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0701/p57.html

Does Metformin Increase the Risk of Fatal or Nonfatal Lactic Acidosis? - Cochrane for ...

Nov 1, 2010 - In patients without standard contraindications to metformin therapy, metformin does not increase the risk of lactic acidosis.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2010/1101/p1068.html

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