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Medicine by the numbers

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Management of Chronic Tendon Injuries - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2019 - Chronic tendon injuries are common athletic and occupational injuries that account for many physician visits. Tendons have a complex biology that provides a unique combination of strength, flexibility, and elasticity but also predisposes them to injury. The term tendinopathy is ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0801/p147.html

Manipulative Therapies: What Works - American Family Physician

Feb 15, 2019 - Manipulative therapies include osteopathic manipulative treatment and many other forms of manual therapies used to manage a variety of conditions in adults and children. Spinal manipulative therapy may provide short-term improvement in patients with acute or chronic low back pain, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0215/p248.html

Hyperpronation Method for Reduction of Nursemaid's Elbow - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

May 15, 2018 - Although data are limited, the results have consistently shown a higher rate of success with first attempt reduction of nursemaids' elbow when the hyperpronation method was used. For other outcomes, including pain and adverse effects such as bruising, no conclusions could be drawn ...

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0515/od2.html

Corticosteroid Injections for Common Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family ...

Oct 15, 2015 - Family physicians considering corticosteroid injections as part of a comprehensive treatment plan for musculoskeletal diagnoses will find few high-quality studies to assist with evidence-based decision making. Most studies of corticosteroid injections for the treatment of ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2015/1015/p694.html

Antipsychotics for Fibromyalgia in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - American Family ...

Aug 1, 2017 - Quetiapine may be considered for a limited period (less than 12 weeks) to improve pain, sleep, and depression in fibromyalgia, while considering the potential for weight gain.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/0801/od1.html

Musculoskeletal Injections: A Review of the Evidence - American Family Physician

Oct 15, 2008 - Injections are valuable procedures for managing musculoskeletal conditions commonly encountered by family physicians. Corticosteroid injections into articular, periarticular, or soft tissue structures relieve pain, reduce inflammation, and improve mobility. Injections can provide ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/1015/p971.html

Pregabalin (Lyrica) for Acute Fibromyalgia Pain - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

May 1, 2018 - Pregabalin (Lyrica) provides good pain relief to some patients with acute fibromyalgia pain but does not work for most persons. Learn more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2018/0501/od1.html

Cyclobenzaprine in the Treatment of Low Back Pain - Medicine by the Numbers - American ...

Feb 1, 2016 - Studies show that 1 in 3 patients experiences global improvement in back pain symptoms at 10 days, while 1 in 4 patients experiences medication adverse effects. Read more.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/od2.html

Choosing a Skeletal Muscle Relaxant - American Family Physician

Aug 1, 2008 - Skeletal muscle relaxants are widely used in treating musculoskeletal conditions. However, evidence of their effectiveness consists mainly of studies with poor methodologic design. In addition, these drugs have not been proven to be superior to acetaminophen or nonsteroidal ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2008/0801/p365.html

Topical NSAIDs for Acute Musculoskeletal Pain in Adults - Medicine by the Numbers - ...

Jul 1, 2016 - Studies show that patients had improved pain control with diclofenac gel, ketoprofen gel, and ibuprofen gel with no increase in local or systemic adverse events. See why.

American Family Physician : Medicine by the Numbers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0701/od1.html

Principles of Casting and Splinting - American Family Physician

Jan 1, 2009 - The ability to properly apply casts and splints is a technical skill easily mastered with practice and an understanding of basic principles. The initial approach to casting and splinting requires a thorough assessment of the injured extremity for proper diagnosis. Once the need for ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2009/0101/p16.html

Management of Hip Fracture: The Family Physician's Role - American Family Physician

Jun 15, 2006 - The incidence of hip fracture is expected to increase as the population ages. One in five persons dies in the first year after sustaining a hip fracture, and those who survive past one year may have significant functional limitation. Although surgery is the main treatment for hip ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0615/p2195.html

Gabapentin for Treatment of Radicular Low Back Pain - FPIN's Clinical Inquiries - ...

Sep 1, 2019 - Gabapentin is not effective for the treatment of radicular low back pain and is associated with adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Clinical Inquiries

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2019/0901/p309.html

No Short-Term Extra Benefit when Muscle Relaxants Are Added to Ibuprofen for Acute Low ...

Jun 1, 2020 - Adding a muscle relaxant to treatment with ibuprofen does not improve functional outcomes or pain, or lessen the number of people reporting moderate to severe back pain one week after starting treatment.

American Family Physician : POEMs

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0601/p695.html

Braces and Splints for Musculoskeletal Conditions - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2007 - Braces and splints can be useful for acute injuries, chronic conditions, and the prevention of injury. There is good evidence to support the use of some braces and splints; others are used because of subjective reports from patients, relatively low cost, and few adverse effects, despite...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0201/p342.html

Ketorolac vs. Morphine for Pain Relief After Fractures - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - ...

Apr 15, 2020 - Parenteral ketorolac is as effective as parenteral morphine for short-term pain relief in patients with long bone fractures, and it results in fewer adverse effects.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2020/0415/p495.html

Chronic Musculoskeletal Pain in Children: Part II. Rheumatic Causes - American Family ...

Jul 15, 2006 - Primary care physicians should have a working knowledge of rheumatic diseases of childhood that manifest primarily as musculoskeletal pain. Children with juvenile rheumatoid arthritis can present with painless joint inflammation and may have normal results on rheumatologic tests. ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2006/0715/p293.html

Evaluation and Treatment of Acute Low Back Pain - American Family Physician

Apr 15, 2007 - Acute low back pain with or without sciatica usually is self-limited and has no serious underlying pathology. For most patients, reassurance, pain medications, and advice to stay active are sufficient. A more thorough evaluation is required in selected patients with

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2007/0415/p1181.html

Treatments for Nocturnal Leg Cramps - FPIN's Help Desk Answers - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2017 - Calcium channel blockers or B vitamins may lead to short-term improvement in nocturnal leg cramps. Stretching has mixed results. Quinine is effective but is no longer recommended, and it is not approved for treatment of leg cramps because of potential toxicity.

American Family Physician : FPIN's Help Desk Answers

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2017/1001/od3.html

Quinine for Leg Cramps - Cochrane for Clinicians - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2016 - Quinine is moderately effective in decreasing the frequency and intensity of muscle cramps, but it is also associated with an increase in minor adverse effects. In addition, there is a risk of rare but serious adverse effects.

American Family Physician : Cochrane for Clinicians

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2016/0201/p177.html

Joint and Soft Tissue Injection - American Family Physician

Jul 15, 2002 - Injection techniques are helpful for diagnosis and therapy in a wide variety of musculoskeletal conditions. Diagnostic indications include the aspiration of fluid for analysis and the assessment of pain relief and increased range of motion as a diagnostic tool. Therapeutic indications ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2002/0715/p283.html

Common Overuse Tendon Problems: A Review and Recommendations for Treatment - American ...

Sep 1, 2005 - There is a common misconception that symptomatic tendon injuries are inflammatory; because of this, these injuries often are mislabeled as tendonitis. Acute inflammatory tendinopathies exist, but most patients seen in primary care will have chronic symptoms suggesting a degenerative ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2005/0901/p811.html

Is Spinal Manipulation an Effective Treatment for Low Back Pain? Yes: Spinal ...

Apr 15, 2012 - Yes: Spinal Manipulation Is a Useful Adjunct Therapy. Spinal manipulation is one of many potential treatment options that have been used by many different types of clinicians for more than a century. Only in the past 50 years have research studies evaluated the benefits of spinal ...

American Family Physician : Editorials: Controversies in Family Medicine

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2012/0415/p760.html

Hip Fractures in Adults - American Family Physician

Feb 1, 2003 - Patients with hip fracture typically present to the emergency department or their physician's office after a fall. They are often unable to walk, and they may exhibit shortening and external rotation of the affected limb. Frequently, they have hip pain. In some instances, however, ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2003/0201/p537.html

Treating Fibromyalgia - American Family Physician

Oct 1, 2000 - Fibromyalgia is an extremely common chronic condition that can be challenging to manage. Although the etiology remains unclear, characteristic alterations in the pattern of sleep and changes in neuroendocrine transmitters such as serotonin, substance P, growth hormone and cortisol ...

American Family Physician : Article

https://www.aafp.org/afp/2000/1001/p1575.html

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